The Effects of UV Radiation in the Marine Environment

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Overview

The increased UV radiation on Earth has far-reaching consequences. This book provides a comprehensive review of UV radiation effects in the marine environment. A team of respected contributors provide multidisciplinary coverage, discussing all aspects from a physical, chemical and biological perspective. The book begins by describing the attenuation of UV radiation in the atmosphere and sea water, outlining the photochemical reactions involved and highlighting the role that such chemistry can play in influencing the biogeochemical cycling of various elements. Coverage then goes on to detail the consequences of such radiation on organisms ranging from viruses and bacteria through phytoplankton and zooplankton to fish and mammals. Strategies adopted to mitigate these harmful repercussions are also discussed.
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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
"This book should appeal to researchers and students in photobiology, photochemistry, and environmental science." Journal of the American Chemical Society

"I highly recommend this superb volume to anyone with an interest in UVR in the marine environment. It is certainly the first book that I now reach for when UVR questions arise." Limnology in Oceanography

Booknews
Contributors from biological, environmental, and earth sciences review research on the effect of heightened ultraviolet radiation on marine environments due to the decreasing concentrations of ozone in the stratosphere. They begin by describing the attenuation of the radiation in the atmosphere and seawater, outlining the photochemical reactions involved and highlighting the role chemistry can play in influencing the biogeochemical cycling of various elements. Then they look at the deleterious consequences on organisms from viruses and bacteria through phytoplankton and zooplankton to fish and mammals, and the strategies they have adapted to mitigate the damage. The collection could be used as a supplemental text in a graduate oceanography course. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780521632188
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • Publication date: 12/28/2011
  • Series: Cambridge Environmental Chemistry Series , #10
  • Pages: 336
  • Product dimensions: 6.85 (w) x 9.72 (h) x 0.75 (d)

Table of Contents

Preface Stephen de Mora; 1. Enhanced UV radiation - a new problem for the marine environment Robert Whitehead, Stephen de Mora and Serge Demers; 2. UV physics and optics Susana Diaz, John Morrow and Charles Booth; 3. Spectral weighting functions for quantifying effects of ultraviolet radiation in marine ecosystems Patrick Neale; 4. Marine photochemistry and its impact on carbon cycling Kenneth Mopper and David Kieber; 5. Photochemical production of biological substrates David Kieber; 6. Mechanisms of UV damage to aquatic organisms Warwick Vincent and Patrick Neale; 7. Strategies for the minimisation of UV-induced damage Suzanne Roy; 8. Ultraviolet radiation effects on heterotrophic bacterioplankton and viruses in marine ecosystems Wade Jeffrey, Jason Kase and Steven Wilhelm; 9. Effects of ultraviolet radiation on the physiology and ecology of marine phytoplankton Maria Vernet; 10. Impact of solar UV radiation on zooplankton and fish Horacio Zagarese and Craig Williamson; 11. Implications of UV radiation on the food web structure and consequences on the carbon flow Behzad Mostajir, Serge Demers, Stephen de Mora, Robert Bukata and John Jerome.
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