Effluents from Alternative Demilitarization Technologies / Edition 1

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The book assesses a broad range of effluents (process residues) from a selection of worldwide technologies that have been proposed as alternatives to incineration for the remediation and destruction of chemical warfare agents and associated matériel. Treatment of metal parts and explosive or energetic materials are considered. The alternative technologies are grouped into three categories, based on process bulk operating temperature: low (0-200°C), medium (200-600°C) and high (600-3500°C). Reaction types considered include neutralisation, biodegradation, hydrolysis, electrochemical oxidation, supercritical water oxidation, wet air oxidation, plasma reactions, gasification, hydrogenation, pyrolysis, and many more. These categories include a broad spectrum of processes, some of which have been studied only in the laboratory and some of which are in commercial use for the destruction of hazardous and toxic wastes. The book will provide engineers and decision makers with an understanding of the waste management issues and environmental permit status of alternative technologies.

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Editorial Reviews

The October 1997 workshop collected information on effluents, or process residues, generated by systems that have been proposed as alternatives to incineration technology for destruction of munitions, chemical warfare agents, and associated materials and debris. Topics of the 13 papers include pilot-scale base hydrolysis processing of HMX-based plastic-bonded explosives, introduction of green plants for the control of metals and organics in environmental remediation, removal of arsenical by-products from chemical warfare destruction effluents, and descriptions of alternative demilitarization technologies and estimated mass balances. Annotation c. by Book News, Inc., Portland, Or.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780792352532
  • Publisher: Springer Netherlands
  • Publication date: 7/2/2008
  • Series: Nato Science Partnership Subseries: 1 (closed), #22
  • Edition description: 1998
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 217
  • Product dimensions: 9.21 (w) x 6.14 (h) x 0.56 (d)

Table of Contents

U. S. Chemical Stockpile Disposal Programme: The Search for Alternative Technologies 1
Mobile Demilitarization System Treatment Processes and Effluents 13
Hydrolysis and Oxidation Process Effluents of Some Chemical Warfare Agents and Possible Secondary Treatments 27
Pilot-Scale Base Hydrolysis Processing of HMX-Based Plastic-Bonded Explosives 35
Cleaning of Gaseous Products from Thermal Waste Treatment 47
Introduction of Green Plants for the Control of Metals and Organics in Environmental Remediation 71
Removal of Arsenical By-Products from Chemical Warfare Destruction Effluents 85
Effluents from Alternative Demilitarization Technologies: Products of Incomplete Reaction 103
Risk Assessments of The Potential Hazard Connected with the Objects of Storage of Warfare Chemical Agents: Kambarka, Kizner, and Shchuchye Arsenals 121
Public Involvement: Matters for the People in Technology Applications 141
Green Cross Russia's Experience in Forming the Program for Joint Activity of the Public and Government in the Destruction of Chemical Weapons 149
Research Needs 155
App Descriptions of Alternative Demilitarization Technologies and Estimated Mass Balances 159
Index 215
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