An Effort Based Approach to Consonant Lenition [NOOK Book]

Overview

The first serious typological survey of the lenition process in modern phonological literature, this book also presents compelling arguments for a theory of phonology in which sound patterns arise directly from conflict between (inter alia) phonetic constraints.
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An Effort Based Approach to Consonant Lenition

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Overview

The first serious typological survey of the lenition process in modern phonological literature, this book also presents compelling arguments for a theory of phonology in which sound patterns arise directly from conflict between (inter alia) phonetic constraints.
Read More Show Less

Product Details

Table of Contents

Preface
Acknowledgments
List of Figures
List of Tables
Ch. 1 Introduction 3
Ch. 2 Articulatory Effort 29
1 The Neuromuscular Basis of Effort 30
2 A Biomechanical Approach to Effort 31
3 Precision 41
4 Effort Minimization and Voicing Lenition 43
Ch. 3 Representational Issues 47
1 Smolensky's Challenge to the Standard Model 51
2 A Definition of Contrastiveness 53
3 Faithfulness 57
4 A Language-Specific Predictable Property: Aspiration in English 59
5 Universally Non-Contrastive Properties: Vowel Duration 61
6 Generalizing the Result: the Contrastiveness Theorem 65
7 Categorical Effects with Continuous Representations 67
8 Lenition or Fortition with Indeterminate UR's 71
Ch. 4 Spirantization and Stridency 77
1 Documenting the Generalization 77
2 An Effort-Based Explanation 85
3 Formal Capture of the Phonetic Explanation 89
4 Lenition of Affricates 90
5 Analysis of Assibilation 91
Ch. 5 Geminates 97
1 Previous Treatments of Geminate Inalterability 98
2 Generalizations 102
3 An Effort-Based Account of the Generalizations 117
4 Heteromorphemic Geminates 130
5 Summary and Alternative Approaches 133
Ch. 6 Effort-Based Contexts 137
1 Aperture-Conditioned Lenition 138
2 Speech Rate and Register 162
3 Alternative Approaches 168
Ch. 7 Tumpisa Shoshone 175
1 Data 175
2 Analysis of Spirantization and Flapping 178
3 Analysis of (De)voicing 183
4 Analysis of Nasal Weakening 186
5 Analysis of Laryngeal Elision 189
Ch. 8 Florentine Italian 193
1 Data 194
2 Effort Values 205
3 Analysis 208
Ch. 9 Conclusion: Stabilization of Lenition Patterns 223
1 The Stabilization Problem: Tigrinya Spirantization 223
2 Selection of Phonetic Variants 226
3 Effort under Canonical Conditions 228
4 Remaining Questions 230
App Survey of Lenition Patterns 231
Notes 245
References 259
Index 291
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