Egyptby Joseph J. Hobbs
Located in northeastern Africa, Egypt is the site of one of the world's oldest civilizations. From the time Lower and Upper Egypt were unified, around 3000 B.C., the Nile River became the center of Egyptian life and culture. Along the banks of this river-the world's longest-Egyptians produced extraordinary feats of art, architecture, literature, and astronomy. Despite these accomplishments, Egypt's power began to wane by the Late Dynastic period (1090-332 B.C.), and the land's accessibility made it vulnerable to invaders. In the fourth century B.C., Persia became the first foreign power to conquer Egypt. During the next 2,200 years, Greece, Rome, the Byzantine Empire, the Umayyad Dynasty, the Ottoman Empire, France, and Great Britain took turns ruling Egypt. In 1922, Egypt declared its independence from Great Britain and once again became a sovereign nation. Today, most of Egypt's approximately 80 million residents live near the Nile River, including more than 7 million in Cairo, Africa's largest city.
About the Author:
Joseph J. Hobbs is professor of geography at the University of Missouri-Columbia
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