Egyptian Non-Royal Epithets in the Middle Kingdom: A Social and Historical Analysis

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This book is about epithets on Egyptian monumental inscriptions, and about the conclusions one may draw from them. Epithets in the first place characterize the owner of the text and encourage others to maintain his memorial cult.
Though formulaic and not describing actual historical events, this thorough study points out that these epithets are in fact valuable indicators of religious, social and political attitudes. In the case of this volume, the author analyses the epithets of non-royal officials from the Middle Kingdom (c. 2040-1640 BCE).
Drawing on evidence from several hundred inscriptions, it assesses the relationship of elite, scribal-class officials to their gods, the king, each other, and their dependants, and discusses the Egyptian world view, beliefs about the afterlife, and the changing role of elite provincial administrators relative to the central administration. It also studies the effect of an inscription's context and its owner's official titles on the subject matter of the epithets.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9789004110779
  • Publisher: Brill Academic Publishers, Inc.
  • Publication date: 9/1/1998
  • Series: Probleme der Agyptologie Series, #12
  • Pages: 438
  • Product dimensions: 16.40 (w) x 24.40 (h) x 3.20 (d)

Meet the Author

Denise M. Doxey, Ph.D. (1995) in Ancient History, University of Pennsylvania, is Keeper of the Egyptian Section of the University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology. She has published on Egyptian Art, Religion, and Literature.
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Table of Contents

List of Abbreviations
I Introduction: Epithets in Context 1
II The Character and Conduct of the Official 29
III Interaction with Superiors: The Gods and the King 80
IV Interaction with Peers: The Official and the Elite 152
V Interaction with Subordinates and the Community 181
VI Conclusions 203
List of Inscriptions 235
List of Epithets 253
Bibliography 401
Index of Egyptian Names 417
General Index 421
Index of Egyptian Terms and Phrases 431
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