Einstein Defiant: Genius versus Genius in the Quantum Revolution

Einstein Defiant: Genius versus Genius in the Quantum Revolution

by Edmund Blair Bolles
     
 

"I find the idea quite intolerable that an electron exposed to radiation should choose of its own free will, not only its moment to jump off, but also its direction. In that case, I would rather be a cobbler, or even an employee in a gaming house, than a physicist." -Albert Einstein

A scandal hovers over the history of 20th century physics. Albert Einstein -

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Overview

"I find the idea quite intolerable that an electron exposed to radiation should choose of its own free will, not only its moment to jump off, but also its direction. In that case, I would rather be a cobbler, or even an employee in a gaming house, than a physicist." -Albert Einstein

A scandal hovers over the history of 20th century physics. Albert Einstein -- the century's greatest physicist -- was never able to come to terms with quantum mechanics, the century's greatest theoretical achievement. For physicists who routinely use both quantum laws and Einstein's ideas, this contradiction can be almost too embarrassing to dwell on. Yet Einstein was one of the founders of quantum physics and he spent many years preaching the quantum's importance and its revolutionary nature.

The Danish genius Neils Bohr was another founder of quantum physics. He had managed to solve one of the few physics problems that Einstein ever shied away from, linking quantum mathematics with a new model of the atom. This leap immediately yielded results that explained electron behavior and the periodic table of the elements.

Despite their mutual appreciation of the quantum's importance, these two giants of modern physics never agreed on the fundamentals of their work. In fact, they clashed repeatedly throughout the 1920s, arguing first over Einstein's theory of "light quanta"(photons), then over Niels Bohr's short-lived theory that denied the conservation of energy at the quantum level, and climactically over the new quantum mechanics that Bohr enthusiastically embraced and Einstein stubbornly defied.

This contest of visions stripped the scientific imagination naked. Einstein was a staunch realist, demanding to know the physical reasons behind physical events. At odds with this approach was Bohr's more pragmatic perspective that favored theories that worked, even if he might not have a corresponding explanation of the underlying reality. Powerful and illuminating, Einstein Defiant is the first book to capture the soul and the science that inspired this dramatic duel, revealing the personalities and the passions -- and, in the end, what was at stake for the world.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780309089982
Publisher:
National Academies Press
Publication date:
04/09/2004
Pages:
356
Product dimensions:
6.15(w) x 9.15(h) x 1.00(d)

Table of Contents

A radical fact resisted
1The opposite of an intriguer3
2Not German at all12
3I never fully understood it26
4Independence and inner freedom35
5A mercy of fate51
6Picturesque phrases57
7Scientific dada68
8Such a devil of a fellow76
9Intuition and inspiration86
10Bold, not to say reckless94
11A completely new lesson102
12Slaves to time and space110
13Where all weaker imaginations wither116
14A triumph of Einstein over Bohr127
A radical theory created
15Something deeply hidden137
16Completely solved146
17Exciting and exacting times162
18Intellectual drunkenness184
19The observant executrix195
20It might look crazy204
21Taking nothing solemnly211
22How much more gratifying218
A radical understanding defied
23Sorcerer's multiplication229
24Adding two nonsenses236
25Admiration and suspicion241
26An unrelenting fanatic248
27The secret of the old one251
28Indeterminacy256
29A very pleasant talk264
30The dream of his life276
31The saddest chapter285
32A reality independent of man293
33A certain unreasonableness299
Afterword305
Bibliography309
Sources317
Index337

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