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Eisenhower and the Anti-Communist Crusade

Overview

Jeff Broadwater provides a comprehensive survey of the Eisenhower administration's response to America's postwar Red Scare. He looks beyond Senator Joseph McCarthy's confrontations with Eisenhower to examine the administration's own anti-Communist crusade. Exploring the complex relationship between partisan politics and cold war tensions, Broadwater demonstrates that virulent anticommunism, as well as opposition to it, often cut across party and ideological lines. He shows, moreover, that although McCarthy and ...

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Overview

Jeff Broadwater provides a comprehensive survey of the Eisenhower administration's response to America's postwar Red Scare. He looks beyond Senator Joseph McCarthy's confrontations with Eisenhower to examine the administration's own anti-Communist crusade. Exploring the complex relationship between partisan politics and cold war tensions, Broadwater demonstrates that virulent anticommunism, as well as opposition to it, often cut across party and ideological lines. He shows, moreover, that although McCarthy and his allies captured the headlines, ultimately it was the Eisenhower administration that bore responsibility for implementing most of the nation's anti-Communist policies.

The book begins with an overview of the debate over internal security following World War II and then examines Eisenhower's record on the issue. Broadwater asserts that at the outset of the cold war, Eisenhower assumed a moderate stance, defending some of McCarthy's targets and cooperating as NATO commander with European Socialist leaders. Later, as a presidential candidate under pressure from Republicans conservatives, he moved steadily toward the right. Once in the Oval Office, he embraced much of the anit-Communist agenda and shared many of the McCarthyites' fears about internal security, supporting, for example, the federal employee security program and the legal persecution of the Communist party.

Broadwater concludes that while Eisenhower personally despised McCarthy and eventually presided over the end of the Red Scare, the president was also a committed anti-Communist who frequently displayed little concern for American civil liberties.

Originally published in 1992.

A UNC Press Enduring Edition — UNC Press Enduring Editions use the latest in digital technology to make available again books from our distinguished backlist that were previously out of print. These editions are published unaltered from the original, and are presented in affordable paperback formats, bringing readers both historical and cultural value.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
"Despite the enormous literature on McCarthyism and the Red Scare of the late 1940s and 1950s, Broadwater is the first person to examine the issue of Eisenhower and Anti-Communism in a systematic and comprehensive manner. I am impressed by how intelligent and well written this study is. It represents another significant contribution to the still-growing literature on the Eisenhower presidency."—Burton I. Kaufman, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780807865132
  • Publisher: The University of North Carolina Press
  • Publication date: 9/1/2010
  • Edition description: 1
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 312
  • Sales rank: 1,084,208
  • Product dimensions: 5.90 (w) x 8.90 (h) x 0.80 (d)

Meet the Author

Jeff Broadwater is professor of history at Barton College and author of George Mason, Forgotten Founder.

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Table of Contents

Preface
1 Red Menace or Red Herring?: General Eisenhower, American Politics, and the Cold War 1
2 1952: The Tarnished Crusade 26
3 The General Takes Command 54
4 Securing the Federal Work Force 85
5 John Foster Dulles and the Diplomacy of Anticommunism 112
6 McCarthy: The Decline and Fall 137
7 The Communists and the Constitution 167
8 The Waning of the Red Scare 189
9 Conclusion 209
Notes 213
Bibliography 265
Index 285
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