El Coliseo de la Cruz: 1736-1860: Estudio y documentos

El Coliseo de la Cruz: 1736-1860: Estudio y documentos

by Phillip B. Thomason
     
 

The Coliseo de la Cruz, the first modern public theatre in Madrid, was constructed (1736-37) on the site of the city's oldest permanent playhouse, the Corral de la Cruz, dating from 1579. The corral, an open-air courtyard theatre, was surrounded by private boxes in neighbouring houses (recently studied in this series by Charles Davis), which only intermittently…  See more details below

Overview

The Coliseo de la Cruz, the first modern public theatre in Madrid, was constructed (1736-37) on the site of the city's oldest permanent playhouse, the Corral de la Cruz, dating from 1579. The corral, an open-air courtyard theatre, was surrounded by private boxes in neighbouring houses (recently studied in this series by Charles Davis), which only intermittently contributed to the municipal coffers; by 1736, moreover, it was decrepit and ill-suited to current staging requirements. The city authorities therefore replaced it by an up-to-date, fully self-contained theatre building with a proscenium stage. The new coliseo was fashioned in the Italian style, but maintained many characteristics of the corral theatres, such as the cazuela (separate women's gallery), and continued to attract a varied audience, representing virtually every level of Madrid society. Finally, in 1859, the Coliseo de la Cruz, by now inadequate and in ill repair, was demolished to alleviate traffic congestion at the Puerta del Sol. PHILLIP B.THOMASON is Professor of Spanish at Pepperdine University, California. El Coliseo de la Cruz, el primer teatro público moderno de Madrid, fue construido (1736-37) en el solar del corral de comedias más antiguo de la ciudad, el Corral de la Cruz, inaugurado ya en 1579. El corral, con su patio al aire libre, había estado rodeado de aposentos particulares situados en las casas colindantes (estudiados recientemente en esta serie por Charles Davis), cuyos dueños contribuían relativamente poco a los fondos municipales; en 1736, además, estaba deteriorado y poco adecuado para la nueva escenografía. Por tanto, el Ayuntamiento lo derribó, reemplazándolo por un teatro moderno, enteramente cubierto, con proscenio y decorados en perspectiva. El nuevo coliseo estaba diseñado al estilo italiano, pero retenía muchos elementos de los corrales de comedias, entre ellos la cazuela de las mugeres, y siguió atrayendo a un público variado, que incluía prácticamente todos los estratos de la sociedad madrileña. Finalmente, en 1859, el Coliseo de la Cruz, ya desfasado y deteriorado a su vez, fue derribado para aliviar los problemas de tráfico en la Puerta del Sol. PHILLIP B.THOMASON es profesor de español de Pepperdine University, California.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9781855661141
Publisher:
Boydell & Brewer, Limited
Publication date:
07/14/2005
Series:
Fuentes para la historia del Teatro en España, #22
Pages:
344
Product dimensions:
6.10(w) x 9.10(h) x 1.00(d)

Meet the Author

Phillip B Thomason is Professor of Spanish at Seaver College, PepperdineUniversity, USA.

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