El Nino: Historical and Paleoclimatic Aspects of the Southern Oscillation

El Nino: Historical and Paleoclimatic Aspects of the Southern Oscillation

by Henry F. Diaz, Vera Markgraf
     
 

ISBN-10: 0521111617

ISBN-13: 9780521111614

Pub. Date: 06/11/2009

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

The El Ni~no/Southern Oscillation (ENSO) phenomenon is a recurrent feature of the climate in tropical regions. This volume compares its modern morphology and variablilty with its recent historic and prehistoric behavior. The reconstructions are based on diverse records from tree-rings, ice cores, corals, sediment sections, and past vegetation changes. Past climatic…  See more details below

Overview

The El Ni~no/Southern Oscillation (ENSO) phenomenon is a recurrent feature of the climate in tropical regions. This volume compares its modern morphology and variablilty with its recent historic and prehistoric behavior. The reconstructions are based on diverse records from tree-rings, ice cores, corals, sediment sections, and past vegetation changes. Past climatic manifestations of ENSO appear to have been quite different and this has major implications for future climate change.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780521111614
Publisher:
Cambridge University Press
Publication date:
06/11/2009
Pages:
492
Product dimensions:
6.70(w) x 9.60(h) x 1.20(d)

Table of Contents

List of contributors
Acknowledgment
1Introduction1
Sect. AENSO in the modern record5
2Atmospheric teleconnections associated with the extreme phase of the Southern Oscillation7
3El Nino/Southern Oscillation and streamflow in the western United States29
4Coupled climate model simulation of El Nino/Southern Oscillation: implications for paleoclimate69
Sect. BUse of historical records in ENSO reconstructions93
5Historical and prehistorical overview of El Nino/Southern Oscillation95
6A study of Southern Oscillation-related climatic activity for A.D. 622-1990 incorporating Nile River flood data119
7Historical El Nino/Southern Oscillation variability in the Australasian region151
8A comparison of Southern Oscillation and El Nino signals in the tropics175
9Long-term changes in the frequency of occurrence of El Nino events193
Sect. CPaleoclimate reconstructions of El Nino/Southern Oscillation from tree-ring records201
10Using tree rings to study past El Nino/Southern Oscillation influences on climate203
11An index of the Southern Oscillation reconstructed from western North American tree-ring chronologies215
12Spectral properties of tree-ring data in the United States Southwest as related to El Nino/Southern Oscillation227
13A tree-ring reconstruction of New Mexico winter precipitation and its relation to El Nino/Southern Oscillation events243
14Temporal patterns of El Nino/Southern Oscillation - wildfire teleconnections in the southwestern United States259
15Secular variability of the Southern Oscillation detected in tree-ring data from Mexico and the southern United States271
Sect. DRecords from ice cores and corals293
16Reconstructing interannual climate variability from tropical and subtropical ice-core records295
17A comparison of proxy records of El Nino/Southern Oscillation323
18Coral monitors of El Nino/Southern Oscillation dynamics across the equatorial Pacific349
Sect. ELow-resolution paleoclimate reconstruction of El Nino/Southern Oscillation: marine and terrestrial proxy indicators377
19Fishery catch records, El Nino/Southern Oscillation, and longer-term climate change as inferred from fish remains in marine sediments379
20Long-term changes in El Nino/Southern Oscillation: evidence from marine and lacustrine sediments419
21El Nino/Southern Oscillation climatic variability in Australasian and South American paleoenvironmental records435
22Synthesis and future prospects463
Index473

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