El Nino: Historical and Paleoclimatic Aspects of the Southern Oscillation

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The El Ni~no/Southern Oscillation (ENSO) phenomenon is a recurrent feature of the climate in tropical regions. This volume compares its modern morphology and variablilty with its recent historic and prehistoric behavior. The reconstructions are based on diverse records from tree-rings, ice cores, corals, sediment sections, and past vegetation changes. Past climatic manifestations of ENSO appear to have been quite different and this has major implications for future climate change.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780521111614
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • Publication date: 6/11/2009
  • Pages: 492
  • Product dimensions: 6.70 (w) x 9.60 (h) x 1.20 (d)

Table of Contents

List of contributors
1 Introduction 1
Sect. A ENSO in the modern record 5
2 Atmospheric teleconnections associated with the extreme phase of the Southern Oscillation 7
3 El Nino/Southern Oscillation and streamflow in the western United States 29
4 Coupled climate model simulation of El Nino/Southern Oscillation: implications for paleoclimate 69
Sect. B Use of historical records in ENSO reconstructions 93
5 Historical and prehistorical overview of El Nino/Southern Oscillation 95
6 A study of Southern Oscillation-related climatic activity for A.D. 622-1990 incorporating Nile River flood data 119
7 Historical El Nino/Southern Oscillation variability in the Australasian region 151
8 A comparison of Southern Oscillation and El Nino signals in the tropics 175
9 Long-term changes in the frequency of occurrence of El Nino events 193
Sect. C Paleoclimate reconstructions of El Nino/Southern Oscillation from tree-ring records 201
10 Using tree rings to study past El Nino/Southern Oscillation influences on climate 203
11 An index of the Southern Oscillation reconstructed from western North American tree-ring chronologies 215
12 Spectral properties of tree-ring data in the United States Southwest as related to El Nino/Southern Oscillation 227
13 A tree-ring reconstruction of New Mexico winter precipitation and its relation to El Nino/Southern Oscillation events 243
14 Temporal patterns of El Nino/Southern Oscillation - wildfire teleconnections in the southwestern United States 259
15 Secular variability of the Southern Oscillation detected in tree-ring data from Mexico and the southern United States 271
Sect. D Records from ice cores and corals 293
16 Reconstructing interannual climate variability from tropical and subtropical ice-core records 295
17 A comparison of proxy records of El Nino/Southern Oscillation 323
18 Coral monitors of El Nino/Southern Oscillation dynamics across the equatorial Pacific 349
Sect. E Low-resolution paleoclimate reconstruction of El Nino/Southern Oscillation: marine and terrestrial proxy indicators 377
19 Fishery catch records, El Nino/Southern Oscillation, and longer-term climate change as inferred from fish remains in marine sediments 379
20 Long-term changes in El Nino/Southern Oscillation: evidence from marine and lacustrine sediments 419
21 El Nino/Southern Oscillation climatic variability in Australasian and South American paleoenvironmental records 435
22 Synthesis and future prospects 463
Index 473
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