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El viaje a la ficción: El mundo de Juan Carlos Onetti
     

El viaje a la ficción: El mundo de Juan Carlos Onetti

by Mario Vargas Llosa
 

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El tema de la ficción y la vida es una constante que, desde tiempos remotos, aparece en la literatura. Pero acaso en ningún otro autor moderno aparezca con tanta fuerza y originalidad como en las novelas y los cuentos de Juan Carlos Onetti, una obra que, sin exagerar demasiado, podríamos decir está casi íntegramente concebida para mostrar

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El tema de la ficción y la vida es una constante que, desde tiempos remotos, aparece en la literatura. Pero acaso en ningún otro autor moderno aparezca con tanta fuerza y originalidad como en las novelas y los cuentos de Juan Carlos Onetti, una obra que, sin exagerar demasiado, podríamos decir está casi íntegramente concebida para mostrar la sutil y frondosa manera como los seres humanos hemos venido construyendo una vida paralela, de palabras e imágenes tan mentirosas como persuasivas, donde ir a refugiarnos para escapar de los desastres y limitaciones que a nuestra libertad y a nuestros sueños opone la vida tal como es. Básicamente lo que yo hago es investigar la manera en la que Onetti utilizó la ficción como un mundo alternativo. La respuesta a la derrota cotidiana es la imaginación: huir hacia un mundo de fantasía. Es decir, aquella operación de donde nació la literatura, por la que existe la literatura y por eso el título del ensayo. MARIO VARGAS LLOSA ENGLISH DESCRIPTION The subject of fiction and life is a constant that, since distant times, has been expressed through literature. Yet in the work of no other modern author does it have the force and inventiveness as it does in the short stories of Juan Carlos Onetti. It is not an exaggeration to say that Onetti’s work is almost entirely conceived to show the subtle and rich way in which human beings have built a parallel existence—made up of words and images as unreal as they are persuasive—to take refuge in when we want to escape the tragedies and limitations that real life imposes upon our freedom and dreams. What I do, basically, is examine how Onetti used fiction to create an alternate reality —a reality in which the answer to our daily defeats is fleeing to a fantasy world. In other words, the mechanism that bore literature—that gives it a reason to exist—and, therefore, gives title to this essay. MARIO VARGAS LLOSA

Editorial Reviews

Library Journal
Uruguayan Juan Carlos Onetti, along with Vargas Llosa, contributed to the Latin American "Boom" literature that shook up culture around the world in the 1960s and 1970s. In this labor of love, Vargas Llosa takes the reader through Onetti's life and times, firmly placing his work within the context of Latin America's struggles in the 20th century. He analyzes Onetti's complete body of work, beginning with the first novel, El pozo, published in 1939, and examining each novel through Cuando ya no importe, published a year before Onetti's death in 1994. Vargas Llosa's meticulously researched analysis covers Onetti's relationship with great authors from Borges to Faulkner and adroitly illustrates his theses about art and the human condition. It is a fascinating read that portrays a very human Onetti: as a child hiding in a closet to read, a political prisoner exiled by Uruguay's military dictatorship, anda tourist who, along with Vargas Llosa, was guided around 1960s San Francisco by Beat poets Allen Ginsberg and Lawrence Ferlinghetti. An indispensable selection for academic libraries and large public libraries with strong Latin American literature collections.—Sara Martinez, Hispanic Resource Ctr., Tulsa City-Cty. Lib. Syst.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9788466323376
Publisher:
Punto de Lectura
Publication date:
08/15/2011
Edition description:
Spanish-language Edition
Pages:
248
Product dimensions:
4.90(w) x 7.40(h) x 0.70(d)

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