Elbridge Gerry's Salamander: The Electoral Consequences of the Reapportionment Revolution / Edition 1

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Overview

The Supreme Court's reapportionment decisions, beginning with Baker v. Carr in 1962, had far more than jurisprudential consequences. They sparked a massive wave of extraordinary redistricting in the mid-1960s. Both state legislative and congressional districts were redrawn more comprehensively—by far—than at any previous time in our nation's history. Moreover, they changed what would legally happen should a state government fail to enact a new districting plan when one was legally required. This book provides the first detailed analysis of how judicial partisanship affected redistricting outcomes in the 1960s, arguing that the reapportionment revolution led indirectly to three fundamental changes in the nature of congressional elections: the abrupt eradication of a 6% pro-Republican bias in the translation of congressional votes into seats outside the south; the abrupt increase in the apparent advantage of incumbents; and the abrupt alteration of the two parties' success in congressional recruitment and elections.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
"[T]his is the only book in print to analyze the partisan and electoral consequences of congressional reapportionment and redistricting. Highly recommended for lower-division undergraduates and above." Choice

"Elbridge Gerry's Salamander will be of interest to students of congressional elections, electoral institutions, and the courts...[It] should be required reading for graduate seminars on the topic. This book is the new standard for research on this topic and is sure to lead to vigorous debates concerning the impact of redistricting on incumbency safety and partisan bias." Congress & the Presidency

"...a study with important new findings relating to the impact of the reapportionment revolution." Perspectives on Politics

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780521001540
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • Publication date: 5/28/2011
  • Series: Political Economy of Institutions and Decisions Series
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 248
  • Sales rank: 1,062,568
  • Product dimensions: 5.98 (w) x 8.98 (h) x 0.55 (d)

Table of Contents

List of Tables and Figures
Preface
Pt. I Introduction
1 Introduction 3
2 The Reapportionment Revolution 12
Pt. II Democrats and Republicans
3 A Model of Congressional Redistricting in the United States 31
4 The Case of the Disappearing Bias 51
5 The Role of the Courts in the 1960s Redistricting Process 66
6 Bias, Responsiveness, and the Courts 87
7 Redistricting's Differing Impact on Democratic and Republican Incumbents 106
Pt. III Incumbents and Challengers
8 The Growth of the Incumbency Advantage 127
9 Candidate Entry Decisions and the Incumbency Advantage 140
10 Redistricting and Electoral Coordination 162
11 Redistricting, the Probability of Securing a Majority, and Entry 172
12 Reassessing the Incumbency Advantage 194
Pt. IV Conclusion
13 Final Thoughts 209
References 219
Author Index 229
Subject Index 231
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