Elections in Australia, Ireland, and Malta under the Single Transferable Vote: Reflections on an Embedded Institution

Elections in Australia, Ireland, and Malta under the Single Transferable Vote: Reflections on an Embedded Institution

by Shaun Bowler
     
 

ISBN-10: 0472111590

ISBN-13: 9780472111596

Pub. Date: 09/05/2000

Publisher: University of Michigan Press


The Single Transferable Vote, or STV, is often seen in very positive terms by electoral reformers, yet relatively little is known about its actual workings beyond one or two specific settings. This book gathers leading experts on STV from around the world to discuss the examples they know best, and represents the first systematic cross-national study of STV.…  See more details below

Overview


The Single Transferable Vote, or STV, is often seen in very positive terms by electoral reformers, yet relatively little is known about its actual workings beyond one or two specific settings. This book gathers leading experts on STV from around the world to discuss the examples they know best, and represents the first systematic cross-national study of STV. Furthermore, the contributors collectively build an understanding of electoral systems as institutions embedded within a wider social and political context, and begins to explain the gap between analytical models and the actual practice of elections in Australia, Ireland, and Malta. Rather than seeing electoral institutions in purely mechanical terms, the collection of essays in this volume shows that the effects of electoral system may be contingent rather than automatic. On the basis of solid empirical evidence, the volume argues that the same political system can, in fact, have quite different effects under different conditions.

Contributors to the volume are Shaun Bowler, David Farrell, Michael Gallagher, Bernard Grofman, Wolfgang Hirczy, Colin Hughes, J. Paul Johnston, Michael Laver, Malcom Mackerras, Michael Maley, Michael Marsh, Ian McAllister, and Ben Reilly.

Shaun Bowler is Professor of Political Science, University of California, Riverside. Bernard Grofman is Professor of Political Science, University of California, Irvine.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780472111596
Publisher:
University of Michigan Press
Publication date:
09/05/2000
Pages:
304
Product dimensions:
6.36(w) x 9.30(h) x 1.15(d)

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Table of Contents

Acknowledgments
Introduction: STV as an Embedded Institution1
Overview: Preferential Electoral Systems
Through a Glass Darkly: Understanding the World of STV17
The Single Transferable Vote and the Alternative Vote Compared37
A Sophisticated Voter Model of Preferential Electoral Systems59
STV in Ireland
The (Relatively) Victorious Incumbent under PR-STV: Legislative Turnover in Ireland and Malta81
Candidate Centered but Party Wrapped: Campaigning in Ireland under STV114
STV and the Politics of Coalition131
STV in Australia, Malta, and Canada
STV in Australia155
Malta: STV in a Two-Party System178
Learning History's Lessons Anew: The Use of STV in Canadian Municipal Elections205
A Comparison of Improved STV Methods248
Conclusion: STV's Place in the Family of Electoral Systems265
References271
Contributors285
Index289

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