Electoral Change: Responses to Evolving Social and Attitudinal Structures in Western Countries, Second Editon / Edition 2

Electoral Change: Responses to Evolving Social and Attitudinal Structures in Western Countries, Second Editon / Edition 2

by Mark Franklin, Thomas Mackie, Henry Valen
     
 

ISBN-10: 0955820316

ISBN-13: 9780955820311

Pub. Date: 01/06/2010

Publisher: ECPR Press

Until the last quarter of the 20th Century, Western party systems appeared to be frozen and stability was generally taken to be the central characteristic of individual-level party choice. But during the 1970s and 1980s, in a spasm of change that appeared to occur in all countries, this ceased to be true. Voters in Western countries suddenly demonstrated an unexpected

Overview

Until the last quarter of the 20th Century, Western party systems appeared to be frozen and stability was generally taken to be the central characteristic of individual-level party choice. But during the 1970s and 1980s, in a spasm of change that appeared to occur in all countries, this ceased to be true. Voters in Western countries suddenly demonstrated an unexpected and increasing unpredictability in their choices between parties, often to the extent of voting for parties that are quite new to the political scene. Understanding these fundamental changes became a pressing concern for political scientists and commentators alike, and a matter of extensive controversy and debate.
In the middle 1980s, an international team of leading scholars set out to explore the reasons for these shifts in voting patterns in sixteen western countries: all those of the (then) European Community (except for Luxembourg and Portugal), together with Australia, Canada, New Zealand, Norway, Sweden and the United States. In this book they report their findings regarding the connections between social divisions and party choice, and the manner in which these links had changed since the mid-1960s. The authors based their country studies on a common research design. By doing so, they were able to focus on the characteristics that the sixteen countries had in common so as to evaluate the extent to which the changes had a common source.
This is a longitudinal study, extending over nearly a generation, of changes in voting behaviour that is as fully cross-national as it was possible to produce at the time. Its findings enabled the authors to break away from conventional explanations for electoral change to arrive at conclusions of far-reaching importance.
The passage of time has not dated this book, and in this edition the original text is augmented by a new Preface that describes the ways in which the book's findings retain their relevance for contemporary scholarship, and by an Epilogue in which the main analyses reported in the book are brought up to date to the middle 2000s.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780955820311
Publisher:
ECPR Press
Publication date:
01/06/2010
Series:
ECPR Classics Series
Edition description:
Second Edition
Pages:
490
Product dimensions:
6.10(w) x 9.10(h) x 1.10(d)
Age Range:
18 Years

Table of Contents

1 Preface to the ECPR edition Mark Franklin Thomas Mackie 1

2 Preface

Part I Description

3 Introduction Mark Franklin Tom Mackie Henry Valen 15

4 Electoral change and social change Tom Mackie Mark Franklin 43

Part II Analysis

5 Australia Ian McAllister 69

6 Belgium Anthony Mughan 91

7 Britain Mark Franklin 109

8 Canada Harold Clarke Marianne Stewart 131

9 Denmark Ole Borre 153

10 France Michael Lewis-Beck Andrew Skalaban 173

11 Germany Franz Urban Pappi Peter Mnich 185

12 Greece Panayote Dimitras 209

13 Ireland Michael Marsh 223

14 Italy Tom Mackie Renato Mannheimer Giacomo Sani 241

15 The Netherlands Cees van der Eijk Kees Niemöller 257

16 New Zealand Clive Bean 285

17 Norway Henry Valen 307

18 Spain Tom Lancaster 327

19 Sweden Maria Oskarson 339

20 The United States of America Arthur Miller Brad Lockerbie 361

Part III Assessment

21 The decline of cleavage politics Mark N. Franklin 381

22 Cleavages, conflict resolution and democracy Cees van der Eijk Mark Franklin Tom Mackie Henry Valen 403

New Epilogue

Cleavage politics in the 21st century Mark Franklin 427

Appendices

A Variables employed in the country chapters Mark Franklin Tom Mackie 437

B Methodological considerations Mark Franklin 439

References 441

Index 465

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