Electoral Change: Responses to Evolving Social and Attitudinal Structures in Western Countries, Second Editon / Edition 2

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Overview

Until the final quarter of the twentieth century, Western party systems appeared to be frozen, and stability seemed to be the central characteristic of individual-level party choice. Yet during the 1970s and 1980s, a spasm of change appeared to affect all countries, shaking the very foundations of this theory. Voters in Western countries demonstrated an unexpected and increasing unpredictability in their choices, often voting for parties that were quite new to the political scene. Understanding these fundamental changes became a pressing concern for political scientists and commentators alike. In the middle of the 1980s, leading scholars from across the world set out to explore the reasons for these shifts in sixteen Western countries: those belonging to the (then) European community (except for Luxembourg and Portugal), and Australia, Canada, New Zealand, Norway, Sweden, and the United States.

This book reports on these findings regarding social divisions and party choice and the manner in which these links have changed since the mid-1960s. The authors build their case studies around a common research design, and in doing so, they are able to focus on the characteristics that these countries have in common and evaluate the extent to which their changes have a common source. Theirs is a longitudinal study, and its findings enable the authors to break away from conventional explanations for electoral change. This second edition augments the original text with a new preface noting the relevance of the book's findings to contemporary scholarship. An epilogue brings the main analyses up to date with the mid-2000s.

European Consortium for Political Research Press

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780955820311
  • Publisher: ECPR Press
  • Publication date: 1/6/2010
  • Series: ECPR Classics Series
  • Edition description: Second Edition
  • Edition number: 2
  • Pages: 490
  • Product dimensions: 6.10 (w) x 9.10 (h) x 1.10 (d)

Meet the Author

Mark Franklin is the author of numerous publications, including The Decline of Class Voting in Britain, Choosing Europe?, and Voter Turnout. Thomas Mackie is coauthor of The International Almanac of Electoral History and of various volumes in the European Voter series. Henry Valen (1924-2007) authored a large number of works, including Political Parties in Norway.

European Consortium for Political Research Press

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Table of Contents

1 Preface to the ECPR edition Mark Franklin Thomas Mackie 1

2 Preface

Part I Description

3 Introduction Mark Franklin Tom Mackie Henry Valen 15

4 Electoral change and social change Tom Mackie Mark Franklin 43

Part II Analysis

5 Australia Ian McAllister 69

6 Belgium Anthony Mughan 91

7 Britain Mark Franklin 109

8 Canada Harold Clarke Marianne Stewart 131

9 Denmark Ole Borre 153

10 France Michael Lewis-Beck Andrew Skalaban 173

11 Germany Franz Urban Pappi Peter Mnich 185

12 Greece Panayote Dimitras 209

13 Ireland Michael Marsh 223

14 Italy Tom Mackie Renato Mannheimer Giacomo Sani 241

15 The Netherlands Cees van der Eijk Kees Niemöller 257

16 New Zealand Clive Bean 285

17 Norway Henry Valen 307

18 Spain Tom Lancaster 327

19 Sweden Maria Oskarson 339

20 The United States of America Arthur Miller Brad Lockerbie 361

Part III Assessment

21 The decline of cleavage politics Mark N. Franklin 381

22 Cleavages, conflict resolution and democracy Cees van der Eijk Mark Franklin Tom Mackie Henry Valen 403

New Epilogue

Cleavage politics in the 21st century Mark Franklin 427

Appendices

A Variables employed in the country chapters Mark Franklin Tom Mackie 437

B Methodological considerations Mark Franklin 439

References 441

Index 465

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