Electoral Engineering: Voting Rules and Political Behavior / Edition 1

Electoral Engineering: Voting Rules and Political Behavior / Edition 1

by Pippa Norris
     
 

Recent decades have witnessed multiple attempts at electoral engineering designed to improve political representation and alter voting behavior. Norris's study compares and evaluates two broad schools of thought about this process: rational choice institutionalism and cultural modernization. The former claims that by changing the incentives offered by electoral rules,… See more details below

Overview

Recent decades have witnessed multiple attempts at electoral engineering designed to improve political representation and alter voting behavior. Norris's study compares and evaluates two broad schools of thought about this process: rational choice institutionalism and cultural modernization. The former claims that by changing the incentives offered by electoral rules, reformers have the capacity to alter the behavior of parties, politicians, and citizens, thereby solving multiple social problems, whether ethnic conflict, improving turnout, strengthening voter-party ties, generating democratic accountability, or boosting women's representation. The alternative theories are more cautious about the capacity of electoral engineering to achieve these goals and suggest that such rules adapt to, rather than alter, human behavior. To examine these accounts Norris compares new survey evidence from some three dozen parliamentary and presidential elections in a wide range of established and newer democracies, spanning the globe. She concludes that rules do matter for the choice of electoral systems. Norris integrates the extensive literature on electoral systems with studies of voting behavior and political representation; develops a clear theoretical framework supported by original empirical research based on new cross-national data; presents the findings in an accessible, stimulating, and nontechnical manner; covers a broad sweep of nations around the globe; and provides results of interest for political scientists and policymakers in many countries.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780521536714
Publisher:
Cambridge University Press
Publication date:
12/31/2003
Series:
Cambridge Studies in Comparative Politic
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
390
Product dimensions:
5.98(w) x 8.98(h) x 0.87(d)

Table of Contents

List of Tables and Figures
Preface
Pt. IIntroduction
1Do Rules Matter? Structure versus Culture3
2Classifying Electoral Systems39
3Evaluating Electoral Systems66
Pt. IIThe Consequences for Voting Behavior
4Party Systems81
5Social Cleavages96
6Party Loyalties126
7Turnout151
Pt. IIIThe Consequences for Political Representation
8Women's Representation179
9Ethnic Minorities209
10Constituency Service230
Pt. IVConclusions
11The Impact of Electoral Engineering249
Bibliography265
Notes305
Index347

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