Electric Circuits and PSpice Supplement Package / Edition 6

Electric Circuits and PSpice Supplement Package / Edition 6

by James W. Nilsson, Susan A. Riedel

ISBN-10: 0130770795

ISBN-13: 9780130770790

Pub. Date: 06/28/2001

Publisher: Prentice Hall

Electric Circuits, Eighth Edition features a new design,a four-color format, and 80% of chapter problems have been updated. In the midst of these changes, the book retains the goals that have made it a best-seller: 1) To build an understanding of concepts and ideas explicitly in terms of previous learning; 2) To emphasize the relationship


Electric Circuits, Eighth Edition features a new design,a four-color format, and 80% of chapter problems have been updated. In the midst of these changes, the book retains the goals that have made it a best-seller: 1) To build an understanding of concepts and ideas explicitly in terms of previous learning; 2) To emphasize the relationship between conceptual understanding and problem solving approaches; 3) To provide readers with a strong foundation of engineering practices. Chapter topics include Circuit Variables; Circuit Elements; Simple Resistive Circuits; Techniques of Circuit Analysis; The Operational Amplifier; Inductors, Capacitors, and Mutual Inductance; Response of First-Order RL and RC Circuits; Natural and Step Responses of RLC Circuits; Sinusoidal Steady-State Analysis; and more. For anyone interested in circuit analysis.

Product Details

Prentice Hall
Publication date:
Edition description:
Older Edition
Product dimensions:
7.46(w) x 10.16(h) x 2.00(d)

Table of Contents

List of Examples     xiii
Preface     xvii
Circuit Variables     2
Electrical Engineering: An Overview     3
The International System of Units     8
Circuit Analysis: An Overview     10
Voltage and Current     11
The Ideal Basic Circuit Element     12
Power and Energy     14
Summary     16
Problems     17
Circuit Elements     22
Practical Perspective: Electrical Safety     23
Voltage and Current Sources     24
Electrical Resistance (Ohm's Law)     28
Construction of a Circuit Model     32
Kirchhoff's Laws     36
Analysis of a Circuit Containing Dependent Sources     42
Practical Perspective: Electrical Safety     46
Summary     47
Problems     48
Simple Resistive Circuits     56
Practical Perspective: A Rear Window Defroster     57
Resistors in Series     58
Resistors in Parallel     59
The Voltage-Divider and Current-Divider Circuits     62
Voltage Division and Current Division     65
Measuring Voltage and Current     68
Measuring Resistance-The Wheatstone Bridge     71
Delta-to-Wye (Pi-to-Tee) Equivalent Circuits     73
Practical Perspective: A Rear Window Defroster     76
Summary     79
Problems     80
Techniques of Circuit Analysis     92
Practical Perspective: Circuits with Realistic Resistors     93
Terminology     94
Introduction to the Node-Voltage Method     97
The Node-Voltage Method and Dependent Sources     100
The Node-Voltage Method: Some Special Cases     101
Introduction to the Mesh-Current Method     105
The Mesh-Current Method and Dependent Sources     107
The Mesh-Current Method: Some Special Cases     109
The Node-Voltage Method Versus the Mesh-Current Method     112
Source Transformations     116
Thevenin and Norton Equivalents     119
More on Deriving a Thevenin Equivalent     123
Maximum Power Transfer     126
Superposition     129
Practical Perspective: Circuits with Realistic Resistors     133
Summary     137
Problems     138
The Operational Amplifier     154
Practical Perspective: Strain Gages      155
Operational Amplifier Terminals     156
Terminal Voltages and Currents     156
The Inverting-Amplifier Circuit     161
The Summing-Amplifier Circuit     163
The Noninverting-Amplifier Circuit     164
The Difference-Amplifier Circuit     165
A More Realistic Model for the Operational Amplifier     170
Practical Perspective: Strain Gages     173
Summary     175
Problems     176
Inductance, Capacitance, and Mutual Inductance     186
Practical Perspective: Proximity Switches     187
The Inductor     188
The Capacitor     195
Series-Parallel Combinations of Inductance and Capacitance     200
Mutual Inductance     203
A Closer Look at Mutual Inductance     207
Practical Perspective: Proximity Switches     214
Summary     217
Problems     218
Response of First-Order RL and RC Circuits     228
Practical Perspective: A Flashing Light Circuit     229
The Natural Response of an RL Circuit     230
The Natural Response of an RC Circuit     236
The Step Response of RL and RC Circuits     240
A General Solution for Step and Natural Responses     248
Sequential Switching     254
Unbounded Response     258
The Integrating Amplifier     260
Practical Perspective: A Flashing Light Circuit     263
Summary     265
Problems     265
Natural and Step Responses of RLC Circuits     284
Practical Perspective: An Ignition Circuit     285
Introduction to the Natural Response of a Parallel RLC Circuit     286
The Forms of the Natural Response of a Parallel RLC Circuit     291
The Step Response of a Parallel RLC Circuit     301
The Natural and Step Response of a Series RLC Circuit     308
A Circuit with Two Integrating Amplifiers     312
Practical Perspective: An Ignition Circuit     317
Summary     320
Problems     321
Sinusoidal Steady-State Analysis     330
Practical Perspective: A Household Distribution Circuit     331
The Sinusoidal Source     332
The Sinusoidal Response     335
The Phasor     337
The Passive Circuit Elements in the Frequency Domain     342
Kirchoff's Laws in the Frequency Domain     246
Series, Parallel, and Delta-to-Wye Simplifications      348
Source Transformations and Thevenin-Norton Equivalent Circuits     355
The Node-Voltage Method     359
The Mesh-Current Method     360
The Transformer     361
The Ideal Transformer     365
Phasor Diagrams     372
Practical Perspective: A Household Distribution Circuit     375
Summary     375
Problems     376
Sinusoidal Steady-State Power Calculations     390
Practical Perspective: Heating Appliances     391
Instantaneous Power     392
Average and Reactive Power     394
The rms Value and Power Calculations     399
Complex Power     401
Power Calculations     403
Maximum Power Transfer     410
Practical Perspective: Heating Appliances     417
Summary     419
Problems     420
Balanced Three-Phase Circuits     432
Practical Perspective: Transmission and Distribution of Electric Power     433
Balanced Three-Phase Voltages     434
Three-Phase Voltage Sources     435
Analysis of the Wye-Wye Circuit     436
Analysis of the Wye-Delta Circuit     442
Power Calculations in Balanced Three-Phase Circuits     445
Measuring Average Power in Three-Phase Circuits     452
Practical Perspective: Transmission and Distribution of Electric Power     455
Summary     456
Problems     457
Introduction to the Laplace Transform     466
Definition of the Laplace Transform     467
The Step Function     468
The Impulse Function     470
Functional Transforms     474
Operational Transforms     475
Applying the Laplace Transform     481
Inverse Transforms     482
Poles and Zeros of F(s)     494
Initial- and Final-Value Theorems     495
Summary     498
Problems     499
The Laplace Transform in Circuit Analysis     506
Practical Perspective: Surge Suppressors     507
Circuit Elements in the s Domain     508
Circuit Analysis in the s Domain     511
Applications     512
The Transfer Function     526
The Transfer Function in Partial Fraction Expansions     528
The Transfer Function and the Convolution Integral     531
The Transfer Function and the Steady-State Sinusoidal Response      537
The Impulse Function in Circuit Analysis     540
Practical Perspective: Surge Suppressors     548
Summary     549
Problems     550
Introduction to Frequency Selective Circuits     566
Practical Perspective: Pushbutton Telephone Circuits     567
Some Preliminaries     568
Low-Pass Filters     570
High-Pass Filters     577
Bandpass Filters     582
Bandreject Filters     593
Practical Perspective: Pushbutton Telephone Circuits     598
Summary     599
Problems     599
Active Filter Circuits     606
Practical Perspective: Bass Volume Control     607
First-Order Low-Pass and High-Pass Filters     608
Scaling     612
Op Amp Bandpass and Bandreject Filters     615
Higher Order Op Amp Filters     622
Narrowband Bandpass and Bandreject Filters     636
Practical Perspective: Bass Volume Control     642
Summary     644
Problems     646
Fourier Series     656
Fourier Series Analysis: An Overview     658
The Fourier Coefficients     659
The Effect of Symmetry on the Fourier Coefficients     662
An Alternative Trigonometric Form of the Fourier Series     668
An Application     670
Average-Power Calculations with Periodic Functions     675
The rms Value of a Periodic Function     678
The Exponential Form of the Fourier Series     679
Amplitude and Phase Spectra     682
Summary     685
Problems     686
The Fourier Transform     698
The Derivation of the Fourier Transform     699
The Convergence of the Fourier Integral     701
Using Laplace Transforms to Find Fourier Transforms     703
Fourier Transforms in the Limit     706
Some Mathematical Properties     708
Operational Transforms     710
Circuit Applications     714
Parseval's Theorem     717
Summary     724
Problems     725
Two-Port Circuits     730
The Terminal Equations     731
The Two-Port Parameters     732
Analysis of the Terminated Two-Port Circuit     741
Interconnected Two-Port Circuits     747
Summary     751
Problems     752
The Solution of Linear Simultaneous Equations     759
Preliminary Steps     759
Cramer's Method     760
The Characteristic Determinant     760
The Numerator Determinant     760
The Evaluation of a Determinant     761
Matrices     764
Matrix Algebra     765
Identity, Adjoint, and Inverse Matrices     770
Partitioned Matrices     772
Applications     776
Complex Numbers     781
Notation     781
The Graphical Representation of a Complex Number     782
Arithmetic Operations     783
Useful Identities     785
The Integer Power of a Complex Number     785
The Roots of a Complex Number     786
More on Magnetically Coupled Coils and Ideal Transformers     787
Equivalent Circuits for Magnetically Coupled Coils     787
The Need for Ideal Transformers in the Equivalent Circuits     792
The Decibel     797
Bode Diagrams     799
Real, First-Order Poles and Zeros     799
Straight-Line Amplitude Plots     800
More Accurate Amplitude Plots     804
Straight-Line Phase Angle Plots      805
Bode Diagrams: Complex Poles and Zeros     807
Amplitude Plots     809
Correcting Straight-Line Amplitude Plots     810
Phase Angle Plots     813
An Abbreviated Table of Trigonometric Identities     817
An Abbreviated Table of Integrals     819
Answers to Selected Problems     821
Index     839

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