Electronic Processes in Organic Crystals and Polymers / Edition 2

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Overview

The first edition of Pope and Swenberg's Electronic Processes of Organic Crystals, published in 1982, became the classic reference in the field. It provided a tutorial on the experimental and related theoretical properties of aromatic hydrocarbon crystals and included emerging work on polymers and superconductivity. This new edition contains the complete text of the first edition, plus an extensive new section, comprising nearly half of the book, which covers recent developments and applications with polymers. The book provides a unified description of what is known in almost every aspect of the field, from basic phenomena to the latest practical applications, which include LED's, photocopiers, photoconductors, batteries, transistors, liquid crystals, photorefractive devices, and sensors.

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Product Details

Meet the Author

New York University

George Mason University

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Table of Contents

Part I
I. OPTICAL PROPERTIES OF ORGANIC MOLECULES AND CRYSTALS
A. Introduction B. Molecular excited states C. Spectral properties D. Excited states of aggregates of molecules E. Generation of excitons F. Motion of excitons in molecular systems G. Exciton processes
II. SINGLE POSITIVE OR NEGATIVE CARRIERS IN ORGANIC CRYSTALS
A. Introduction B. Isolated molecules with excess charges C. Crystals with excess positive or negative charges D. Defects and trapped charge E. Charge injection mechanisms at surfaces F. Carrier transport G. Steady current flow H. Thermally stimulated current flow I. Chemical effects accompanying the discharge of electrons and holes at electrolytic surfaces J. Photovoltaic effect
III. PRODUCTION OF CARRIER PAIRS IN THE BULK
A. Carrier generation mechanisms B. Carrier recombination
IV. PHOTOEMISSION FROM ORGANIC MOLECULAR CRYSTALS
A. Introduction B. Detection of photoemission C. Theory of photoemission from solids D. Photoemission from organic molecular crystals E. Multiquantum processes as studied by photoemission spectroscopy F. Photophoretic spectroscopy
V. MATERIALS WITH HIGH DARK CONDUCTIVITY
A. Introduction B. Radical-ion salt crystals C. Charge transfer complexes D. General properties of one-dimensional crystals E. Polymeric sulfur nitride (SN)[x F. Superconducting organic radical-ion salts
VI. MISCELLANEOUS SYSTEMS
A. Introduction B. Dyes C. Phthalocyanines D. Polydiacetylenes E. Polymers F. Liquids Part II
VII. ELECTRONIC PROCESSES IN POLYACETYLENE (PA)
A. Theory B. Electronic structure C. Confinement effects D. Transport E. Photoexcitation F. Identity of the charge carriers G. Summary
VIII. ELECTRONIC PROCESSES IN POLYDIACETYLENE (PDA)
A. Excitons B. Carriers C. Summary of energy levels in PDA-TS
IX. ELECTRONIC PROCESSES IN POLY(p-PHENYLENE-VINYLENE) (PPV)
A. Structure and Morphology B. Excited States C. Ladder polymers D. Summary
X. ELECTRONIC PROCESSES IN POLYANILINE (PAni)
A. Solitons B. Excitons C. Polarons D. Bipolarons E. Pernigraniline base (PNB)
F. Leucoemeraldine base (LB)
G. Model for photexcitations H. Summary of photoexcitations I. Polyanilene salts
XI. ELECTRONIC PROCESSES IN POLYSILANE (PS)
A. Poly(methylphenylsilane) (PMPS)
B. Exciton-exciton annihilation C. Poly(di-n-hexylsilane) (PDHS)
D. Exciton dynamics in PDHS E. Electroabsorption spectra F. Summary
XII. ELECTRONIC PROCESSES IN FULLERENES (C[6[0)
A. Geometry B. Preparation C. Chemical bonding D. Electronic structure E. Band gap F. Charge-transfer states G. Carrier mobility H. Photogeneration and recombination
XIII. CARRIER GENERATION AND RECOMBINATION
A. Carrier generation B. Carrier recombination
XIV. CARRIER TRANSPORT
A. Molecular crystals B. Molecular doped polymers (MDPs)
C. Problems associated with existing MDP theories D. Validity of Einstein's relationship in polymeric systems E. Quasimetallic transport
XV. SPACE-CHARGE AND EMISSION-LIMITED CURRENTS
A. Contacts B. Mobility C. Trapping
XVI. ORGANIC MAGNETS (OM)
A. Molecular basics B. Mechanisms involved in stabilizing ferromagnetism C. Basic magnetic parameters, phenomena, and theory D. Model spin systems E. Magnetic properties of organic conductors Appendix 1: Special Topics Appendix 2: Glossary
XVII. SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND OTHER COLLECTIVE STATES
A. Nested Fermi surfaces (FS)
B. Charge density waves (CDWs)
C. Spin density waves (SDWs)
D. Spin-Peierls transition (S-P)
E. Superconductivity F. Magnetic-field effects G. Can ferromagnetism and superconductivity coexist?
H. Luttinger liquids
XVIII. NONLINEAR OPTICAL AND PHOTOREFRACTIVE PROPERTIES (NLO)
A. Nonlinear optical susceptibility B. Photorefractive effect (PRE)
C. Dendrimers
XIX. MOLECULAR ELECTRONICS
A. Langmuir-Blodgett (L-B) films B. L-B films as rectifiers C. NLO L-B films
XX. APPLICATIONS
A. Electrophotography (XER)
B. Photorefraction, hole burning, and nonlinear optics (HOL)
C. Electroluminescence (EL)
D. Transistors E. Sensors F. Liquid crystals G. Batteries Credits Author Index Subject Index

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