Elementary Structures for Architects and Builders / Edition 5

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Overview

Provides an introduction to building structures and materials, treats the essential topics in statics and mechanics of materials and provides an introduction to structural analysis and design. Graphics statics treatment expanded including the graphical analysis of simple trusses and relatively complicated cable structures; structural behavior treatment expanded including structural system selection and step-by-step, thoroughly worked out examples. It is aimed at the practicing architect and those who will be working with him or her.

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Editorial Reviews

Booknews
A beginning text for students of architecture, building construction, and related technologies, for a first course in structures. Treats essential topics in statistics and mechanics of materials and introduces structural analysis, taking a quantitative approach. Includes many background and reference appendices, plus problems and answers and b&w figures. This edition uses both SI and customary units, and offers a more gradual introduction to nonconcurrent force systems and the finding of reactions. Assumes background in materials and methods of construction, and a basic knowledge of calculus and physics. Most useful when used in conjunction with a text emphasizing a qualitative approach to structural behavior. Annotation c. by Book News, Inc., Portland, Or.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780131186552
  • Publisher: Prentice Hall
  • Publication date: 11/3/2006
  • Series: Pearson Construction Technology Series
  • Edition description: REV
  • Edition number: 5
  • Pages: 544
  • Sales rank: 646,972
  • Product dimensions: 7.95 (w) x 9.76 (h) x 1.26 (d)

Table of Contents

Table of Contents

1. Overview

2. Statics

3. Structural Properties of Areas

4. Stress and Strain

5. Properties of Structural Materials

6. Shear and Moment

7. Flexural Stresses

8. Shearing Stresses

9. Deflection and Indeterminate Beams

10. Beam Design and Framing

11. Elastic Buckling of Columns

12. Trusses

APPENDICES

APPENDIX A DERIVATION OF BASIC FLEXURAL STRESS EQUATION

APPENDIX B DERIVATION OF BASIC HORIZONTAL SHEARING STRESS EQUATION

APPENDIX C DERIVATION OF EULER COLUMN BUCKLING EQUATION

APPENDIX D WEIGHTS OF SELECTED BUILDING MATERIALS

APPENDIX E PROPERTIES OF SELECTED MATERIALS

APPENDIX F PROPERTIES OF AREAS

APPENDIX G PROOF OF MOMENT-AREA THEOREMS

APPENDIX H ALLOWABLE STRESSES AND MODULUS OF ELASTICITY VALUES FOR SELECTED STRUCTURAL SAWN LUMBER

APPENDIX I WOOD SECTION PROPERTIES

APPENDIX J PROPERTIES OF SELECTED STEEL SECTIONS

APPENDIX K SHEAR, MOMENT, AND DEFLECTION EQUATIONS

APPENDIX L INTRODUCTION TO THE SI METRIC SYSTEM

ANSWERS TO PROBLEMS

INDEX

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Preface

This beginning text has been written for students of architecture, building construction, and related technologies. It is intended to provide the material for a first course in structures, treating the essential topics in statics and mechanics of materials and providing an introduction to structural analysis. The presentation is basically quantitative, and it will be most effective when used in conjunction with a book emphasizing a qualitative approach to structural behavior.

It is assumed that the student has a background in materials and methods of construction from prior coursework or individual experience. Chapter 5 provides a very brief review of the essential characteristics of a few structural materials but is not sufficient in either depth or scope.

A minimal background in calculus and physics has also been assumed for students of this material. Most derivations of the equations have been placed in the appendices, because they usually are not absolutely essential to the use of the equations themselves. Better students, however, will gain additional understanding and insight by consulting these derivations as they are referenced.

As with previous editions, all sections contain examples and problems using both SI and customary units. It is hoped that instructors will be able to use either system with minimal confusion. I do not recommend using a mix of units during the first course in structures, because it might hinder the proper understanding of "first principles" that is so essential to the student's future study and practice. My school, for example, teaches the first course exclusively in SI units and the remaining ones in customary units.

Chapter 1 hasbeen revised and expanded to include additional material regarding why architects must be well versed in the science and art of structural behavior as well as to include some guidelines concerning structural system selection. I think teachers sometimes forget how complex this subject appears to the beginner, and how easy it is to get overwhelmed by the introduction of so many new (and, at first, seemingly unrelated) concepts. Chapter 1 should be read at the outset and then more thoroughly discussed after the study of equilibrium, bending, buckling, and other topics.

By expressed demand, Chapters 2 and 12 hake been expanded to include additional material on graphical statics. Section 2.17 treats the graphical analysis of some relatively complicated structures and was placed in this chapter because it is statics, but I recommend treating this material after covering the graphical solution of trusses in the new Section 12.3. I usually treat trusses near the end of the first semester, because I believe that trusses are not "simple structures" and that their behavior can be understood best after bending and buckling have been discussed. This approach also has the positive feature of bringing the student back to a consideration of basic equilibrium principles after a possible period of reduced emphasis.

I am grateful to Professors Madan Mehta, Jane Murphy, Pat Tripeny, and Falix T. Uhlik for reviewing material and providing helpful suggestions. I am especially appreciative of the continued illustrative contributions and advice of Patrick Pinnell. I also wish to thank the production editor, Christine Buckendahl; the production coordinators, C rolyn Greene and Susan Free; the graphic artist, David Tebera; and the copy editor, Wesley Morrison, for their patience and tireless efforts on my behalf.

As stated in prior editions, please inform me of any errors you find; don't assume that I've already been notified. Thank you in advance for your suggestions and assistance.

– R. E. Shaeffer

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