BN.com Gift Guide

Elements of Argument: A Text and Reader

( 2 )

Overview

When first published in 1985, Elements of Argument changed the way that argument was taught in college composition courses through its pioneering emphasis on the easy-to-teach Toulmin model of argument. The book quickly became the best seller in its market and has maintained its popularity with a mix of accessible instruction, lively examples, and compelling readings. Thorough but not intimidating, Elements of Argument presents everything students need to learn about, research, and write arguments. A new ...
See more details below
This Paperback (5TH) is Not Available through BN.com
Marketplace
BN.com

All Available Formats & Editions

Sending request ...

Overview

When first published in 1985, Elements of Argument changed the way that argument was taught in college composition courses through its pioneering emphasis on the easy-to-teach Toulmin model of argument. The book quickly became the best seller in its market and has maintained its popularity with a mix of accessible instruction, lively examples, and compelling readings. Thorough but not intimidating, Elements of Argument presents everything students need to learn about, research, and write arguments. A new coauthor, Donna Haisty Winchell, draws on her own experience teaching with Elements of Argument to enhance the writing instruction and bring in a fresh group of readings and topics that will appeal to a new generation of students.
Read More Show Less

Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780312150327
  • Publisher: St. Martin's Press
  • Publication date: 9/1/1996
  • Edition description: 5TH
  • Edition number: 5
  • Product dimensions: 6.03 (w) x 9.25 (h) x 0.22 (d)

Meet the Author

Annette T. Rottenberg, formerly assistant director of the writing program at the University of Massachusetts at Amherst, has taught composition and literature at Chicago City College, SUNY at Buffalo, Duke University, and schools abroad. 
 
Donna Haisty Winchell has directed the Freshman Composition program and co-directed Digital Portfolio Institutes at Clemson University, where she is Professor of English.  She has edited several freshman writing anthologies and is a frequent presenter at professional conferences.

Read More Show Less

Table of Contents

Preface
 
Part One: Understanding Argument
 
1. Approaches To Argument
 
  *Aristotelian Rhetoric
 
  *Sample Essay With Analysis: Aristotelian
 
    *Juan Williams, Don’t Mourn Brown v. Board Of Education
 
  *Rogerian Argument
 
    Joe Sharkey, Airport Screeners Could See X-Rated X-Rays
 
    Chris Kapper, Freedom to Live Trumps All!
 
   *Sample Essay with Analysis: Rogerian
 
     *Michael Kinsley, Racial Profiling At The Airport: Discrimination We’re Afraid to Be
    Against
 
  The Toulmin Model
 
  The Terms of Toulmin Argument
 
    The Claim
 
    The Support
 
    The Warrant
 
  Writer’s Guide: Learning the Key Terms
 
  Sample Essay with Analysis: Toulmin
 
    Robert J. Samuelson, The Hard Truth of Immigration 
 
  Assignments for Understanding the Structure of Argument
 
  Research Readiness: Using Databases
 
2. Critical Reading
 
  Pre-reading
 
  Research Skill: Examining Author, Subject, and Context
 
    Charles Krauthammer, Let’s Have No More Monkey Trials

  Comprehension
 
  Strategies for Comprehending Arguments
 
  Sample Annotated Essay
 
    Edward Jay Epstein, Sex And The Cinema
 
  Writer’s Guide: Annotating a Text
 
   Research Skill: Summarizing
 
  Evaluation
 
  Sample Annotated Essay
 
    Alfie Kohn, No-Win Situations
 
    *Stephanie Fairyington, The Gay Option
 
  Critical Listening
 
  Reading a Visual Argument
 
  Assignments for Critical Reading
 
  Research Readiness: Skimming and Summarizing
 
3. Analytical Writing
 
  Writing the Claim
 
    *Roger Kaplan, Enabling Ignorance
 
  Planning the Structure
 
  Using Sentence Forms to Construct an Argument
 
  Providing Support
 
  Writer’s Guide: Incorporating Quotations into Your Text
 
  Documenting Your Sources
 
  Writer’s Guide: Documenting Use of Summary, Paraphrase, and Quotation
 
  Avoiding Plagiarism
 
  Examining Some Models
 
  Sample Essay and Analytical Response: Claim of Fact
 
    *Eric Jaffe, Reality Check
 
  Student Analytical Response: Claim of Fact
 
    *Deion Moore, Psychoanalyzing Reality TV
 
   Sample Essay and Analytical Response: Claim of Value
 
    *Noam Shpancer, The Meaning Of Reality (TV)
 
  Student Analytical Response: Claim of Value
 
    *Ashley Wilson, The Meaning Of Shpancer (Really)
 
  Sample Essay with Analysis: Rogerian Argument
 
    Barbara Dafoe Whitehead, Parents Need Help: Restricting Access To Video Games
 
  Readings for Analysis
 
     Alan M. Dershowitz, Is There a Torturous Road to Justice?
 
     Seth Finkelstein, Alan Dershowitz’s Tortuous Torturous Argument
 
    *Barbara A. Spellman, Could Reality Shows Become Reality Experiments?
 
  *Debate: Should We all Pledge to End Derogatory Use of the Word “Retard”?
 
    *Patricia E. Bauer, A Movie, a Word and My Family’s Battle
 
    *Christopher M. Fairman, The Case Against Banning The Word “Retard”
 
  Assignments for Analytical Writing
 
  Research Readiness: Incorporating Quotations

Part Two: Analyzing the Elements
 
4. Definition
 
  The Purposes of Definition
 
   Defining the Terms in Your Argument
 
   Methods for Defining Terms
 
  The Definition Essay
 
   Writer’s Guide: Writing a Definition Essay
 
  Sample Annotated Essay
 
    Brian Whitaker, The Definition of Terrorism
 
  Readings for Analysis 
 
    *Stanley Fish, When Is a Cross a Cross?
 
    *William Deresiewicz, Faux Friendship
 
    *Guy-Uriel Charles, Stop Calling Quake Victims Looters
 
   Debate: Is the Definition of Marriage Changing?
 
    Howard Moody, Gay Marriage Shows Why We Need To Separate Church and State
 
    Jo Ann Citron, Will It Be Marriage or Civil Union?
 
  Assignments for Understanding Definition
 
  Research Readiness: Using Encyclopedias
 
5. Claims
 
  Claims of Fact
 
  Sample Essay: Claim of Fact
 
    Robert J. Samuelson, Picking Sides for the News
 
  Claims of Value
 
  Sample Essay: Claim of Value
 
    Roger Ebert, Crash
 
  Claims of Policy
 
  Sample Annotated Essay: Claim of Policy
 
    Elisha Dov Hack, College Life Versus My Moral Code
 
  Readings for Analysis
 
    Richard Hayes, Supersize Your Child?
 
    Wesley Morris, “Saw” Good at Tying Things in Knots
 
    *Amy Kamenetz, Take This Internship and Shove It
 
  *Debate: What Is the Social Responsibility of Business?
 
    *John Mackey, Putting Customers Ahead of Investors
 
    *T. J. Rodgers, Put Profits First
 
  Assignments for Understanding Claims
 
  Research Readiness: Acknowledging Reliable Authorities
 
6. Support
 
  Types of Support: Evidence and Appeals to Needs and Values
 
   Evidence 
 
   Research Skill: Evaluation of Evidence
 
   Appeals to Needs and Values
 
   Evaluation of Appeals to Needs and Values
 
   Writer’s Guide: Using Effective Support
 
   Sample Annotated Essay
 
     *Louis Uchitelle, American Dream Is Elusive for New Generation
 
   Sample Essay with Analysis
 
    Hal R. Varian, The True Cost Of SUVs
 
     Bethany Royce, The True Confusion about SUV Costs
 
  Sample Student Essay
 
    Kristen Weinacker, Safer? Tastier? More Nutritious? The Dubious Merits Of Organic
    Foods
 
  Readings for Analysis
 
    Bernard Goldberg, Connecting The Dots... To Terrorism
 
    *Charles Murray, Abolish the SAT
 
    Theodora Ooms, Marriage-Plus
 
   Debate: Is Assuming the Role of Citizen Journalist Worth the Risk?
 
    Lily Yulianti, Praise For Student’s Footage Of Virginia Tech Mass Killing
 
    Mark Memmott with Alan Levin and Greg Livadas, Disaster Photos: Newsworthy or
    Irresponsible?
 
  Assignments for Providing Support
 
  Research Readiness: Using Books for Support
 
7. Warrants
 
  What Are Warrants?
 
    Robert A. Sirico, An Unjust Sacrifice
 
  Types of Warrants
 
   Sample Annotated Essay
 
     Michael Levin, The Case for Torture
 
  Writer’s Guide: Recognizing Warrants
 
   Readings for Analysis
 
     Eric Auchard, We’re All Celebrities in Post-Privacy Age
 
    *Careerbuilder.com, Don’t Jump [Advertisement]
 
    *Jeff Jacoby, What’s Wrong With Price Gouging?
 
     *BackBayalltheWay, Response To Jacoby
 
   *Debate: Is Recycling Plastic Good Stewardship or Bad Business?
 
     *John Trotti, Why Let Stewardship Get in the Way of a Quick Buck?
 
    *Sharon Kneiss, Argument for Recycling is Strong
 
   Assignments for Analyzing Warrants
 
   Research Readiness: Identifying Reliable Authorities
 
8. Logic
 
    Induction
 
  Sample Essay: An Inductive Argument
 
     Richard Rothstein, True Or False: Schools Fail Immigrants
 
   Deduction
 
  Sample Annotated Essay: A Deductive Argument
 
    David Von Drehle, It’s All About Him
 
   Common Fallacies
 
   Writer’s Guide: Avoiding Logical Fallacies
 
   Readings for Analysis
 
    *Adolf Hitler, On Nation And Race
 
    *Leon Seltzer and David Niose, Teen Sex: The “Holy”—vs. Humanistic— Approach
 
    Jennifer Grossman, Food For Thought (and for Credit)
 
   Debate: Should the Federal Government Fund Embryonic Stem-Cell Research?
 
    Anna Quindlen, A New Look, an Old Battle
 
     Mona Charen, The Misleading Debate On Stem-Cell Research
 
  Assignments for Avoiding Flawed Logic
 
   Research Readiness: Using Up-to-Date Data
 
9. Language
 
   The Power of Words
 
    Franklin D. Roosevelt, Address To Congress, December 8, 1941
 
   Connotation
 
   Slanting
 
    Newman P. Birk and Genevieve B. Birk, Selection, Slanting, and Charged Language
 
   Picturesque Language
 
   Concrete and Abstract Language
 
   Short Cuts
 
   Sample Annotated Essay
 
    George W. Bush, President’s Address to the Nation, September 11, 2006
 
   Writer’s Guide: Choosing Your Words Carefully
 
   Readings for Analysis
 
    *William Faulkner, Nobel Prize Acceptance Speech
 
    *Jacob Neusner, The Speech The Graduates Didn’t Hear
 
    *R. Cort Kirkwood, Driving Home Their Point 
 
   Debate: Does the Government Have the Right to Regulate Guns?
 
    Warren E. Burger, The Right To Bear Arms
 
    Roger D. McGrath, A God-Given Natural Right
 
   Assignments for Choosing Fair and Precise Language
 
   Research Readiness: Following a Research Trail
 
Part Three: Researching, Writing, and Presenting Arguments
 
10. The Argumentative Paper: Planning and Research

 
   Finding an Appropriate Topic
 
   Initiating Research
 
   Writer’s Guide: Keeping Your Research on Track
 
   Mapping Research: A Sample Outline
 
   Using Sources: Primary Research
 
   Using Sources: Secondary Research 
 
   Evaluating Sources
 
   Taking Notes
 
   Documenting Your Research (MLA System)
 
   Documenting Your Research (APA System)
 
   Wrapping Up Research
 
11. The Argumentative Paper: Writing and Documentation
 
   Organizing the Material
 
   Writing
 
   The MLA System for Citing Sources 
 
   Revising
 
   Preparing the Manuscript
 
   Writer’s Guide: Checklist for Argumentative Papers
 
   Sample Research Paper (MLA Style)
 
    *Kathleen Hedden, Competitive Foods and the Obesity Epidemic
 
   The APA System for Citing Sources
 
   Sample Research Paper (APA Style)
 
    Angela Mathers, The Controversy Over Women In Combat
 
12. Oral Argument
 
   The Audience
 
   Credibility
 
   Organization
 
   Language
 
   Support
 
   Presentation Aids
 
   Sample Persuasive Speech
 
    C. Renzi Stone, Live Longer And Healthier: Stop Eating Meat!
 
   Reading for Analysis 
 
    Martin Luther King, Jr., I Have A Dream
 
Part Four: Multiple Viewpoints
 
*13. How are Social Networking Sites Affecting Human Interactions?
 
   *David Disalvo, Are Social Networks Messing With Your Head?
 
   *Susan Greenfield, Children: Social Networking Sites, A Debate in the House of  Lords
 
   *Kurt Cagle, As The Internet Rewires Our Brains
 
   *Patrick White, Facebook: Watching the Watchers
 
   *Clive Thompson, Brave New World of Digital Intimacy
 
   *Isaac Gilman, Online Lives, Offline Consequences: Professionalism, Information Ethics, and
  Professional Students
 
   Thinking and Writing about Social Networking Sites
 
14. What is the Role of Sex and Violence in Popular Culture?
 
  Rebecca  L. Collins et al., Does Watching Sex on Television Influence Teens’ Sexual Activity?
 
   *Nancy Willard, Sex and The Internet: Challenging the Myths
 
   Thomas Doherty, Cultural Studies And “Forensic Noir”
 
   Richard Rhodes, Hollow Claims about Fantasy Violence
 
   Jeff Jacoby, A Desensitized Society Drenched in Sleaze
 
   Evan Gahr, Gore For Sale
 
   *Donna M. Hughes, The Internet and Sex Industries: Partners in Global Sexual Exploitation
 
   Thinking and Writing About Sex and Violence in Popular Culture
 
*15. What Are the Ethical Costs of Putting Food on Our Tables?
 
   *Michael Pollan, Food Fight
 
   *Sharon Astyk and Aaron Newton, The Rich Get Richer, The Poor Go Hungry
 
   *Diane Brady, The Organic Myth
 
   *Anna Lappé, The Climate Crisis At The End Of Our Fork
 
   *Arturo Rodriguez, with Alexa Delwiche and Sheheryar Kaoosji, Cheap Food: Workers Pay
  The Price
 
   *Eric Holt Gimenez, The Fight Over Food Deserts: Corporate America Smacks its Way
  Down
 
   Thinking and Writing about the Ethics of Food
 
16. Is Academic Integrity on Our College Campuses under Assault?
 
   Bill Walsh, Expect, but Respect, Original Work by Students
 
   Julie Rawe, Battling Term-Paper Cheats
 
   *Turnitin.com, Answers to Common Legal Questions about Turnitin
 
   Donald L. McCabe, It Takes A Village: Academic Dishonesty and Educational Opportunity
 
   Susan Stoney and Mark McMahon, Bulletproof Assessment, War Stories, and  Tactics:
  Avoiding Cybercheating
 
   Amy Brittain, Universities Strike Back In Battle Over Illegal Downloads
 
   Thinking and Writing About Academic Integrity
 
*17. What Biases Shape the News that We See and Hear?
 
   *Andrew R. Cline, Media/Political Bias
 
   *Bill Press, America’s Town Meeting
 
   *Bernard Goldberg, Most Americans Just Don’t Trust Them
 
   *Jesse Walker, The Age of Limbaugh: When Politics and Popular Entertainment Collide
 
  *Dan Shelley, Secrets of Talk Radio
 
  *James Poniewozik, Polarized News? The Media's Moderate Bias
 
   Thinking and Writing about Media Bias
 
18. Are Limits on Freedom of Speech Ever Justified?
 
  Tom Toles, “First Amendment” [Cartoon]
 
   Alana Keynes, Student Sues School District for Banning Anti-War T-Shirt
 
   Julie Hilden, The “Bong Hits 4 Jesus” Student Speech Case: With Kenneth Starr Seeking
  High Court Review f the Ninth Circuit Decision, Is Someone Blowing Smoke?
 
   Annie Laurie Gaylor, The Case Against School Prayer
 
   Robert Garmong, Why We Need To Abolish The FCC
 
  Patti Waldmeir, Freedom of Speech and My Right to Silence at Bath Time
 
   Eric Foner, Dare Call it Treason
 
   James Poniewozik, The Imus Fallout: Who Can Say What?
 
   Thinking and Writing about the Limits on Freedom of Speech
 
19.  How Far Will We Go to Change Our Body Image?
 
   Jillian Croll, From Body Image and Adolescents
 
   *Carol Rose, On Pins and Needles Defending Artistic Expression
 
   *Nanci Hellmich, Do Thin Models Warp Girls’ Body Image?
 
   Joe Kita, All To Be Tall
 
  Allison Samuels, Smooth Operations
 
  Leslie Fiedler, The Tyranny Of The Normal
 
   Thinking and Writing about Body Image
 
20. In The World Of Medicine, Who Decides What Is Ethical?
 
   Joy Victory, Need An Organ? It Helps to Be Rich
 
   Lawrence A. Howards, Ethics Of Organ Donation
 
   George J. Annas, Cancer and the Constitution—Choice at Life’s End
 
   Nancy Gibbs, Pillow Angel Ethics
 
   Jeffrey P. Kahn, “Adoption” of Frozen Embryos a Loaded Term
 
   Sabrina Rubin Erdely, Doctors' Beliefs Hinder Patient Care
 
   Thinking and Writing about Medical Ethics
 
Part Five: Classic Arguments
 
   *Plato, From Crito
 
   Jonathan Swift, A Modest Proposal
 
   Henry David Thoreau, Civil Disobedience
 
   *Carrie Chapman Catt, The Crisis
 
   Margaret Mead, Warfare: An Invention—Not A Biological Necessity
 
   George Orwell, Politics and the English Language
 
   Martin Luther King Jr., Letter From Birmingham Jail
 
   Glossary 
 
  Index of Subjects
 
   Index of Authors and Titles 
 
*=new

Read More Show Less

Customer Reviews

Average Rating 4
( 2 )
Rating Distribution

5 Star

(0)

4 Star

(2)

3 Star

(0)

2 Star

(0)

1 Star

(0)

Your Rating:

Your Name: Create a Pen Name or

Barnes & Noble.com Review Rules

Our reader reviews allow you to share your comments on titles you liked, or didn't, with others. By submitting an online review, you are representing to Barnes & Noble.com that all information contained in your review is original and accurate in all respects, and that the submission of such content by you and the posting of such content by Barnes & Noble.com does not and will not violate the rights of any third party. Please follow the rules below to help ensure that your review can be posted.

Reviews by Our Customers Under the Age of 13

We highly value and respect everyone's opinion concerning the titles we offer. However, we cannot allow persons under the age of 13 to have accounts at BN.com or to post customer reviews. Please see our Terms of Use for more details.

What to exclude from your review:

Please do not write about reviews, commentary, or information posted on the product page. If you see any errors in the information on the product page, please send us an email.

Reviews should not contain any of the following:

  • - HTML tags, profanity, obscenities, vulgarities, or comments that defame anyone
  • - Time-sensitive information such as tour dates, signings, lectures, etc.
  • - Single-word reviews. Other people will read your review to discover why you liked or didn't like the title. Be descriptive.
  • - Comments focusing on the author or that may ruin the ending for others
  • - Phone numbers, addresses, URLs
  • - Pricing and availability information or alternative ordering information
  • - Advertisements or commercial solicitation

Reminder:

  • - By submitting a review, you grant to Barnes & Noble.com and its sublicensees the royalty-free, perpetual, irrevocable right and license to use the review in accordance with the Barnes & Noble.com Terms of Use.
  • - Barnes & Noble.com reserves the right not to post any review -- particularly those that do not follow the terms and conditions of these Rules. Barnes & Noble.com also reserves the right to remove any review at any time without notice.
  • - See Terms of Use for other conditions and disclaimers.
Search for Products You'd Like to Recommend

Recommend other products that relate to your review. Just search for them below and share!

Create a Pen Name

Your Pen Name is your unique identity on BN.com. It will appear on the reviews you write and other website activities. Your Pen Name cannot be edited, changed or deleted once submitted.

 
Your Pen Name can be any combination of alphanumeric characters (plus - and _), and must be at least two characters long.

Continue Anonymously
Sort by: Showing all of 2 Customer Reviews
  • Anonymous

    Posted May 11, 2005

    From a student

    I have always struggled with the frustrating dilemma of not being able to take thoughts from my head and place them into an effective argument. Elements of Argument has definitely changed that; not only does this book give you the information you need to excel as a writter, it guides you through the process of developing your thoughts into an argument of unquestionable merit.

    Was this review helpful? Yes  No   Report this review
  • Anonymous

    Posted January 4, 2013

    No text was provided for this review.

Sort by: Showing all of 2 Customer Reviews

If you find inappropriate content, please report it to Barnes & Noble
Why is this product inappropriate?
Comments (optional)