Elements of Argument: A Text and Reader / Edition 10

Elements of Argument: A Text and Reader / Edition 10

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by Annette T. Rottenberg, Donna Haisty Winchell

Elements of Argument combines a thorough argument text on critical thinking, reading, writing, and research with an extensive reader on both current and timeless controversial issues. It presents everything students need to analyze, research, and write arguments. Elements of Argument covers Toulmin, Aristotelian, and Rogerian models of argument and

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Elements of Argument combines a thorough argument text on critical thinking, reading, writing, and research with an extensive reader on both current and timeless controversial issues. It presents everything students need to analyze, research, and write arguments. Elements of Argument covers Toulmin, Aristotelian, and Rogerian models of argument and has been thoroughly updated with current selections students will want to read. It now includes additional support for academic writing, making it a truly flexible classroom resource. An electronic edition is available at half the price of the print book. Read the preface.

Product Details

Bedford/St. Martin's
Publication date:
Edition description:
Tenth Edition
Sales rank:
Product dimensions:
6.50(w) x 9.00(h) x 1.20(d)

Table of Contents

Part One: Understanding Argument
1. Approaches To Argument
  *Aristotelian Rhetoric
  *Sample Essay With Analysis: Aristotelian
    *Juan Williams, Don’t Mourn Brown v. Board Of Education
  *Rogerian Argument
    Joe Sharkey, Airport Screeners Could See X-Rated X-Rays
    Chris Kapper, Freedom to Live Trumps All!
   *Sample Essay with Analysis: Rogerian
     *Michael Kinsley, Racial Profiling At The Airport: Discrimination We’re Afraid to Be
  The Toulmin Model
  The Terms of Toulmin Argument
    The Claim
    The Support
    The Warrant
  Writer’s Guide: Learning the Key Terms
  Sample Essay with Analysis: Toulmin
    Robert J. Samuelson, The Hard Truth of Immigration 
  Assignments for Understanding the Structure of Argument
  Research Readiness: Using Databases
2. Critical Reading
  Research Skill: Examining Author, Subject, and Context
    Charles Krauthammer, Let’s Have No More Monkey Trials

  Strategies for Comprehending Arguments
  Sample Annotated Essay
    Edward Jay Epstein, Sex And The Cinema
  Writer’s Guide: Annotating a Text
   Research Skill: Summarizing
  Sample Annotated Essay
    Alfie Kohn, No-Win Situations
    *Stephanie Fairyington, The Gay Option
  Critical Listening
  Reading a Visual Argument
  Assignments for Critical Reading
  Research Readiness: Skimming and Summarizing
3. Analytical Writing
  Writing the Claim
    *Roger Kaplan, Enabling Ignorance
  Planning the Structure
  Using Sentence Forms to Construct an Argument
  Providing Support
  Writer’s Guide: Incorporating Quotations into Your Text
  Documenting Your Sources
  Writer’s Guide: Documenting Use of Summary, Paraphrase, and Quotation
  Avoiding Plagiarism
  Examining Some Models
  Sample Essay and Analytical Response: Claim of Fact
    *Eric Jaffe, Reality Check
  Student Analytical Response: Claim of Fact
    *Deion Moore, Psychoanalyzing Reality TV
   Sample Essay and Analytical Response: Claim of Value
    *Noam Shpancer, The Meaning Of Reality (TV)
  Student Analytical Response: Claim of Value
    *Ashley Wilson, The Meaning Of Shpancer (Really)
  Sample Essay with Analysis: Rogerian Argument
    Barbara Dafoe Whitehead, Parents Need Help: Restricting Access To Video Games
  Readings for Analysis
     Alan M. Dershowitz, Is There a Torturous Road to Justice?
     Seth Finkelstein, Alan Dershowitz’s Tortuous Torturous Argument
    *Barbara A. Spellman, Could Reality Shows Become Reality Experiments?
  *Debate: Should We all Pledge to End Derogatory Use of the Word “Retard”?
    *Patricia E. Bauer, A Movie, a Word and My Family’s Battle
    *Christopher M. Fairman, The Case Against Banning The Word “Retard”
  Assignments for Analytical Writing
  Research Readiness: Incorporating Quotations

Part Two: Analyzing the Elements
4. Definition
  The Purposes of Definition
   Defining the Terms in Your Argument
   Methods for Defining Terms
  The Definition Essay
   Writer’s Guide: Writing a Definition Essay
  Sample Annotated Essay
    Brian Whitaker, The Definition of Terrorism
  Readings for Analysis 
    *Stanley Fish, When Is a Cross a Cross?
    *William Deresiewicz, Faux Friendship
    *Guy-Uriel Charles, Stop Calling Quake Victims Looters
   Debate: Is the Definition of Marriage Changing?
    Howard Moody, Gay Marriage Shows Why We Need To Separate Church and State
    Jo Ann Citron, Will It Be Marriage or Civil Union?
  Assignments for Understanding Definition
  Research Readiness: Using Encyclopedias
5. Claims
  Claims of Fact
  Sample Essay: Claim of Fact
    Robert J. Samuelson, Picking Sides for the News
  Claims of Value
  Sample Essay: Claim of Value
    Roger Ebert, Crash
  Claims of Policy
  Sample Annotated Essay: Claim of Policy
    Elisha Dov Hack, College Life Versus My Moral Code
  Readings for Analysis
    Richard Hayes, Supersize Your Child?
    Wesley Morris, “Saw” Good at Tying Things in Knots
    *Amy Kamenetz, Take This Internship and Shove It
  *Debate: What Is the Social Responsibility of Business?
    *John Mackey, Putting Customers Ahead of Investors
    *T. J. Rodgers, Put Profits First
  Assignments for Understanding Claims
  Research Readiness: Acknowledging Reliable Authorities
6. Support
  Types of Support: Evidence and Appeals to Needs and Values
   Research Skill: Evaluation of Evidence
   Appeals to Needs and Values
   Evaluation of Appeals to Needs and Values
   Writer’s Guide: Using Effective Support
   Sample Annotated Essay
     *Louis Uchitelle, American Dream Is Elusive for New Generation
   Sample Essay with Analysis
    Hal R. Varian, The True Cost Of SUVs
     Bethany Royce, The True Confusion about SUV Costs
  Sample Student Essay
    Kristen Weinacker, Safer? Tastier? More Nutritious? The Dubious Merits Of Organic
  Readings for Analysis
    Bernard Goldberg, Connecting The Dots... To Terrorism
    *Charles Murray, Abolish the SAT
    Theodora Ooms, Marriage-Plus
   Debate: Is Assuming the Role of Citizen Journalist Worth the Risk?
    Lily Yulianti, Praise For Student’s Footage Of Virginia Tech Mass Killing
    Mark Memmott with Alan Levin and Greg Livadas, Disaster Photos: Newsworthy or
  Assignments for Providing Support
  Research Readiness: Using Books for Support
7. Warrants
  What Are Warrants?
    Robert A. Sirico, An Unjust Sacrifice
  Types of Warrants
   Sample Annotated Essay
     Michael Levin, The Case for Torture
  Writer’s Guide: Recognizing Warrants
   Readings for Analysis
     Eric Auchard, We’re All Celebrities in Post-Privacy Age
    *Careerbuilder.com, Don’t Jump [Advertisement]
    *Jeff Jacoby, What’s Wrong With Price Gouging?
     *BackBayalltheWay, Response To Jacoby
   *Debate: Is Recycling Plastic Good Stewardship or Bad Business?
     *John Trotti, Why Let Stewardship Get in the Way of a Quick Buck?
    *Sharon Kneiss, Argument for Recycling is Strong
   Assignments for Analyzing Warrants
   Research Readiness: Identifying Reliable Authorities
8. Logic
  Sample Essay: An Inductive Argument
     Richard Rothstein, True Or False: Schools Fail Immigrants
  Sample Annotated Essay: A Deductive Argument
    David Von Drehle, It’s All About Him
   Common Fallacies
   Writer’s Guide: Avoiding Logical Fallacies
   Readings for Analysis
    *Adolf Hitler, On Nation And Race
    *Leon Seltzer and David Niose, Teen Sex: The “Holy”—vs. Humanistic— Approach
    Jennifer Grossman, Food For Thought (and for Credit)
   Debate: Should the Federal Government Fund Embryonic Stem-Cell Research?
    Anna Quindlen, A New Look, an Old Battle
     Mona Charen, The Misleading Debate On Stem-Cell Research
  Assignments for Avoiding Flawed Logic
   Research Readiness: Using Up-to-Date Data
9. Language
   The Power of Words
    Franklin D. Roosevelt, Address To Congress, December 8, 1941
    Newman P. Birk and Genevieve B. Birk, Selection, Slanting, and Charged Language
   Picturesque Language
   Concrete and Abstract Language
   Short Cuts
   Sample Annotated Essay
    George W. Bush, President’s Address to the Nation, September 11, 2006
   Writer’s Guide: Choosing Your Words Carefully
   Readings for Analysis
    *William Faulkner, Nobel Prize Acceptance Speech
    *Jacob Neusner, The Speech The Graduates Didn’t Hear
    *R. Cort Kirkwood, Driving Home Their Point 
   Debate: Does the Government Have the Right to Regulate Guns?
    Warren E. Burger, The Right To Bear Arms
    Roger D. McGrath, A God-Given Natural Right
   Assignments for Choosing Fair and Precise Language
   Research Readiness: Following a Research Trail
Part Three: Researching, Writing, and Presenting Arguments
10. The Argumentative Paper: Planning and Research

   Finding an Appropriate Topic
   Initiating Research
   Writer’s Guide: Keeping Your Research on Track
   Mapping Research: A Sample Outline
   Using Sources: Primary Research
   Using Sources: Secondary Research 
   Evaluating Sources
   Taking Notes
   Documenting Your Research (MLA System)
   Documenting Your Research (APA System)
   Wrapping Up Research
11. The Argumentative Paper: Writing and Documentation
   Organizing the Material
   The MLA System for Citing Sources 
   Preparing the Manuscript
   Writer’s Guide: Checklist for Argumentative Papers
   Sample Research Paper (MLA Style)
    *Kathleen Hedden, Competitive Foods and the Obesity Epidemic
   The APA System for Citing Sources
   Sample Research Paper (APA Style)
    Angela Mathers, The Controversy Over Women In Combat
12. Oral Argument
   The Audience
   Presentation Aids
   Sample Persuasive Speech
    C. Renzi Stone, Live Longer And Healthier: Stop Eating Meat!
   Reading for Analysis 
    Martin Luther King, Jr., I Have A Dream
Part Four: Multiple Viewpoints
*13. How are Social Networking Sites Affecting Human Interactions?
   *David Disalvo, Are Social Networks Messing With Your Head?
   *Susan Greenfield, Children: Social Networking Sites, A Debate in the House of  Lords
   *Kurt Cagle, As The Internet Rewires Our Brains
   *Patrick White, Facebook: Watching the Watchers
   *Clive Thompson, Brave New World of Digital Intimacy
   *Isaac Gilman, Online Lives, Offline Consequences: Professionalism, Information Ethics, and
  Professional Students
   Thinking and Writing about Social Networking Sites
14. What is the Role of Sex and Violence in Popular Culture?
  Rebecca  L. Collins et al., Does Watching Sex on Television Influence Teens’ Sexual Activity?
   *Nancy Willard, Sex and The Internet: Challenging the Myths
   Thomas Doherty, Cultural Studies And “Forensic Noir”
   Richard Rhodes, Hollow Claims about Fantasy Violence
   Jeff Jacoby, A Desensitized Society Drenched in Sleaze
   Evan Gahr, Gore For Sale
   *Donna M. Hughes, The Internet and Sex Industries: Partners in Global Sexual Exploitation
   Thinking and Writing About Sex and Violence in Popular Culture
*15. What Are the Ethical Costs of Putting Food on Our Tables?
   *Michael Pollan, Food Fight
   *Sharon Astyk and Aaron Newton, The Rich Get Richer, The Poor Go Hungry
   *Diane Brady, The Organic Myth
   *Anna Lappé, The Climate Crisis At The End Of Our Fork
   *Arturo Rodriguez, with Alexa Delwiche and Sheheryar Kaoosji, Cheap Food: Workers Pay
  The Price
   *Eric Holt Gimenez, The Fight Over Food Deserts: Corporate America Smacks its Way
   Thinking and Writing about the Ethics of Food
16. Is Academic Integrity on Our College Campuses under Assault?
   Bill Walsh, Expect, but Respect, Original Work by Students
   Julie Rawe, Battling Term-Paper Cheats
   *Turnitin.com, Answers to Common Legal Questions about Turnitin
   Donald L. McCabe, It Takes A Village: Academic Dishonesty and Educational Opportunity
   Susan Stoney and Mark McMahon, Bulletproof Assessment, War Stories, and  Tactics:
  Avoiding Cybercheating
   Amy Brittain, Universities Strike Back In Battle Over Illegal Downloads
   Thinking and Writing About Academic Integrity
*17. What Biases Shape the News that We See and Hear?
   *Andrew R. Cline, Media/Political Bias
   *Bill Press, America’s Town Meeting
   *Bernard Goldberg, Most Americans Just Don’t Trust Them
   *Jesse Walker, The Age of Limbaugh: When Politics and Popular Entertainment Collide
  *Dan Shelley, Secrets of Talk Radio
  *James Poniewozik, Polarized News? The Media's Moderate Bias
   Thinking and Writing about Media Bias
18. Are Limits on Freedom of Speech Ever Justified?
  Tom Toles, “First Amendment” [Cartoon]
   Alana Keynes, Student Sues School District for Banning Anti-War T-Shirt
   Julie Hilden, The “Bong Hits 4 Jesus” Student Speech Case: With Kenneth Starr Seeking
  High Court Review f the Ninth Circuit Decision, Is Someone Blowing Smoke?
   Annie Laurie Gaylor, The Case Against School Prayer
   Robert Garmong, Why We Need To Abolish The FCC
  Patti Waldmeir, Freedom of Speech and My Right to Silence at Bath Time
   Eric Foner, Dare Call it Treason
   James Poniewozik, The Imus Fallout: Who Can Say What?
   Thinking and Writing about the Limits on Freedom of Speech
19.  How Far Will We Go to Change Our Body Image?
   Jillian Croll, From Body Image and Adolescents
   *Carol Rose, On Pins and Needles Defending Artistic Expression
   *Nanci Hellmich, Do Thin Models Warp Girls’ Body Image?
   Joe Kita, All To Be Tall
  Allison Samuels, Smooth Operations
  Leslie Fiedler, The Tyranny Of The Normal
   Thinking and Writing about Body Image
20. In The World Of Medicine, Who Decides What Is Ethical?
   Joy Victory, Need An Organ? It Helps to Be Rich
   Lawrence A. Howards, Ethics Of Organ Donation
   George J. Annas, Cancer and the Constitution—Choice at Life’s End
   Nancy Gibbs, Pillow Angel Ethics
   Jeffrey P. Kahn, “Adoption” of Frozen Embryos a Loaded Term
   Sabrina Rubin Erdely, Doctors' Beliefs Hinder Patient Care
   Thinking and Writing about Medical Ethics
Part Five: Classic Arguments
   *Plato, From Crito
   Jonathan Swift, A Modest Proposal
   Henry David Thoreau, Civil Disobedience
   *Carrie Chapman Catt, The Crisis
   Margaret Mead, Warfare: An Invention—Not A Biological Necessity
   George Orwell, Politics and the English Language
   Martin Luther King Jr., Letter From Birmingham Jail
  Index of Subjects
   Index of Authors and Titles 

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