Although she began by writing fantasy, Nancy Kress currently writes science fiction, most usually about genetic engineering. She teaches regularly at summer conferences such as Clarion, and during the year at the Bethesda Writing Center in Bethesda, Maryland. In addition, she is the "Fiction" columnist for Writer's Digest magazine. She has won two Nebulas and a Hugo, and lost over a dozen more of these awards. Her work has been translated into Swedish, French, Italian, German, and Spanish, among others.
Elements of Fiction Writing - Beginnings, Middles & Endsby Nancy Kress
By demonstrating effective solutions for potential problems at each stage of story writing, Nancy Kress helps novice authors write stories with a roaring start and a grand finale. She also helps them hook the editor in the first three paragraphs, make and keep a story's "implicit promise", build drama and credibility by controlling prose, and many other techniques.
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Beginnings, Middles, and Ends gives in-depth tips and insights on how to create a well-crafted story. Paying careful attention to how each scene develops character and plot, Nancy Kress tackles the three stages of a story, breaking each into more manageable parts and addressing their particular difficulties. Clear, concise sentences deliver the points without any obtuse abstractions that leave readers searching for a dictionary. With each chapter organized into headings, readers know from the beginning the point to be covered and can easily go back for quick references for particular problems. No tangents distract from the main points, and specific examples back each of the concepts. Kress also highlights important tips using bullet-points. At the end of each chapter, exercises offer readers a chance to stretch their creative writing skills while employing the concepts from the chapter. In terms of structure, style, and content, Beginnings, Middles, and Ends provides a reference that is easy to navigate and understand. This book is not a stand-alone guide; as Kress mentions, Beginnings, Middles, and Ends does not have a section on style or description (two areas that the Elements of Fiction Writing series also offer). The book's focus covers, most importantly, how to keep people hooked on the story, including some advice on pacing, contrasting scenes, and developing character with lots of emphasis on revision. This is not one of those speed-writing, novel-in-a-month books, and makes no pretenses about the hard work necessary-in other words, if you want a feel-good, creative-muse-prep-talk writing book, you might want to look elsewhere. Novel writers might get a bit peeved too when they hear that the endings of novels are not "as important" as the endings of short stories. All in all, however, Beginnings, Middles, and Ends fulfills what the title promises and more. It offers some essential advice for writers and is a must-read for anyone who wants to improve their writing craft.
Awesome...clear, helpful, and an easy read. Recommended for writers.
BEGINNINGS, MIDDLES, AND ENDS is part of the “Elements of Fiction Writing” series from Writer’s Digest Books, and is an excellent guide for writers who are just starting out. This short, straightforward book focuses on linear plots and stock characters, providing a good amount of useful information without overwhelming anyone. The section on beginnings got my attention because it covers the first two opening scenes. Kress says the second is just as important as the first, and they must contrast with each other in some way. Unlike most how-to books, BEGINNINGS, MIDDLES, AND ENDS does not dismiss prologues out of hand. Kress explains the advantages and disadvantages, letting each of us choose what’s best for our own books. The middle section covers things like developing characters, thinking in scenes, staying on track, and planning for the climax. Since “sagging middles” plague many novelists, Kress explains how planing for the end can tell a writer which scenes to include in the middle. She has sympathy for stuck writers and offers suggestions for finding your way out. For the ending, Kress shows how to fulfill the promise set forth in the beginning and middle, chiefly by thinking about what your reader wants from an ending and providing it. She wraps up the book with a few words about revision. I’m generally a fan of this series. At least a few volumes should be on every writer’s shelf. (See PLOT and SETTING.) BEGINNINGS, MIDDLES, AND ENDS is a great introduction to the topic, making it a practical choice for new writers.