The Elements of Moral Philosophy / Edition 7

The Elements of Moral Philosophy / Edition 7

4.2 4
by James Rachels, Stuart Rachels
     
 

Firmly established as the standard text for undergraduate courses in ethics, James Rachels and Stuart Rachels' The Elements of Moral Philosophy introduces readers to major moral concepts and theories through eloquent explanations and compelling, thought-provoking discussions.
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Overview

Firmly established as the standard text for undergraduate courses in ethics, James Rachels and Stuart Rachels' The Elements of Moral Philosophy introduces readers to major moral concepts and theories through eloquent explanations and compelling, thought-provoking discussions.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780078038242
Publisher:
McGraw-Hill Professional Publishing
Publication date:
12/06/2011
Pages:
224
Sales rank:
101,191
Product dimensions:
5.40(w) x 8.30(h) x 0.70(d)
Age Range:
18 Years

Table of Contents

Preface
About the Second Edition
1What is Morality?1
1.1The Problem of Definition
1.2An Example of Moral Reasoning: Baby Jane Doe
1.3Reason and Impartiality
1.4The Minimum Conception of Morality
2The Challenge of Cultural Relativism15
2.1How Different Cultures Have Different Moral Codes
2.2Cultural Relativism
2.3The Cultural Differences Argument
2.4The Consequences of Taking Cultural Relativism Seriously
2.5Why There Is Less Disagreement Than It Seems
2.6How All Cultures Have Some Values in Common
2.7What Can Be Learned from Cultural Relativism
3Subjectivism in Ethics30
3.1The Basic Idea of Ethical Subjectivism
3.2The Evolution of the Theory
3.3The First Stage: Simple Subjectivism
3.4The Second Stage: Emotivism
3.5Emotivism, Reason, and "Moral Facts"
3.6The Example of Homosexuality
4Does Morality Depend on Religion?44
4.1The Presumed Connection Between Morality and Religion
4.2The Divine Command Theory
4.3The Theory of Natural Law
4.4Christianity and the Problem of Abortion
5Psychological Egoism62
5.1Is Unselfishness Possible?
5.2The Strategy of Reinterpreting Motives
5.3Two Arguments in Favor of Psychological Egoism
5.4Clearing Away Some Confusions
5.5The Deepest Error in Psychological Egoism
6Ethical Egoism75
6.1Is There a Duty to Contribute for Famine Relief?
6.2Three Arguments in Favor of Ethical Egoism
6.3Three Arguments Against Ethical Egoism
7The Utilitarian Approach90
7.1The Revolution in Ethics
7.2First Example: Euthanasia
7.3Second Example: Nonhuman Animals
8The Debate Over Utilitarianism102
8.1The Resilience of the Theory
8.2Is Happiness the Only Thing That Matters?
8.3Are Consequences All That Matter?
8.4The Defense of Utilitarianism
8.5What Is Correct and What Is Incorrect in Utilitarianism
9Are There Absolute Moral Rules?117
9.1Kant and The Categorical Imperative
9.2Absolute Rules and the Duty Not to Lie
9.3Conflicts Between Rules
9.4Another Look at Kant's Basic Idea
10Kant and Respect for Persons127
10.1The Idea of "Human Dignity"
10.2Retribution and Utility in the Theory of Punishment
10.3Kant's Retributivism
11The Idea of a Social Contract139
11.1Hobbes's Argument
11.2The Prisoner's Dilemma
11.3Some Advantages of the Social Contract Theory of Morals
11.4The Problem of Civil Disobedience
11.5Difficulties for the Theory
12The Ethics of Virtue159
12.1The Ethics of Virtue and the Ethics of Right Action
12.2Should We Return to the Ethics of Virtue?
12.3The Virtues
12.4Some Advantages of Virtue Ethics
12.5The Incompleteness of Virtue Ethics
13What Would a Satisfactory Moral Theory Be Like?180
13.1Morality Without Hubris
13.2The Moral Community
13.3Justice and Fairness
Suggestions for Further Reading194
Notes on Sources202
Index207

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