Elements of Philosophy: An Introduction / Edition 3

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The new edition of this introductory text presents, in an accessible way, classical and contemporary readings on topics central to and representative of all major periods of the Western philosophical tradition. The book presents 55 readings (23 of which are new to the fourth edition) on seven topics: epistemology, philosophy of religion, metaphysics, personal identity and immortality, free will and determinism, ethics, and political and social philosophy. Pedagogical features make these readings accessible and interesting to beginning students. All the introductions and biographical sketches have been revised for the fourth edition, as have the study questions and glossary. The explanatory footnotes and the stylistic modernization of texts are new to the fourth edition.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780070624689
  • Publisher: McGraw-Hill Higher Education
  • Publication date: 1/1/1993
  • Edition description: Older Edition
  • Edition number: 3
  • Pages: 624
  • Product dimensions: 6.58 (w) x 9.16 (h) x 1.10 (d)

Meet the Author

Donald C. Abel is Professor of Philosophy at St. Norbert College in De Pere, Wisconsin. He holds a B.A. in Philosophy from Gonzaga University, an M.A. in Philosophy from Tulane University, a Ph.L. in Philosophy from St. Michael’s Institute, an M.Div. in Theology from Loyola University of Chicago, and a Ph.D. in Philosophy from Northwestern University. He is the author of Freud on Instinct and Morality (1989), Theories of Human Nature: Classical and Contemporary Readings (McGraw-Hill, 1992), Fifty Readings in Philosophy (McGraw Hill, 3d ed., 2008). He is the editor of Discourses (www.primisdiscourses.com), an electronic database of philosophy readings that is part of Primis, McGraw-Hill’s online resource for creating customized textbooks. Professor Abel has received two awards for excellence in teaching and an award for outstanding scholarship. He is a member of the American Philosophical Association, the American Catholic Philosophical Association, the Society for Ancient Greek Philosophy, and the Society for Philosophy and Psychology.

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Table of Contents

Introduction: What Is Philosophy?
Pt. 1 Ethics: What Should I Do and Why Should I Do It? 21
Ch. 1 Fulfilling Human Purpose: Aristotle 29
Ch. 2 What Can We Control?: The Stoics 41
Ch. 3 The Modes of Love: Augustine 49
Ch. 4 A Sense of Duty: Kant 58
Ch. 5 Pleasure versus Pain: Bentham and Mill 72
Ch. 6 Turning Values Upside Down: Nietzsche 92
Ch. 7 Is There a Characteristically Feminine Voice Defining Morality?: Gilligan and Baier 112
Pt. 2 Politics: Why Should I Obey? 129
Ch. 8 The Natural Basis for Society: Plato and Aristotle 135
Ch. 9 Political Consequences of Biological Differences: Beauvoir, Plato, and Trebilcot 151
Ch. 10 Natural Law: Aquinas 172
Ch. 11 The Social Contract: Hobbes and Locke 182
Ch. 12 Individualism and Liberty: Bentham and Mill 201
Ch. 13 Class Conflict: Marx 213
Ch. 14 Justice as Fairness: Rawls 231
Pt. 3 Knowledge: What Can I Know? 241
Ch. 15 Opinion versus Knowledge: Plato 251
Ch. 16 Power of Reason: Descartes 268
Ch. 17 Limits of Knowledge: Hume 287
Ch. 18 How Knowledge Is Possible: Kant 298
Ch. 19 Thinking and Doing: James 309
Ch. 20 Words and the World: The Linguistic Turn: Russell, Carnap, Wittgenstein, and Rorty 321
Pt. 4 Religious Knowledge and The Existence of God: What Can I Believe? 349
Ch. 21 The Nature of Religious Knowledge: Aquinas, James, Russell, and Freud 353
Ch. 22 Proving the Existence of God: Anselm, Aquinas, Paley, Hume, Kant, and Pascal 372
Pt. 5 Metaphysics: What Is There? 399
Ch. 23 Causes of Being: Aristotle 405
Ch. 24 Atoms and Space: Leucippus, Democritus, and Eddington 420
Ch. 25 Mind, the True Reality: Berkeley 433
Pt. 6 Personal Identity: What Am I? 449
Ch. 26 The Separation of Mind and Body: Descartes 451
Ch. 27 Descartes' Category-Mistake: Ryle 456
Ch. 28 Do Minds Survive Death of the Body?: Plato, Hume, and Kierkegaard 466
Ch. 29 The Mind-Body Problem: Searle 480
Pt. 7 Freedom of the Will: Is My Will Free? 491
Ch. 30 Human Beings as Controlled Puppets: Hospers 495
Ch. 31 The Impact of Our Past on Our Present: Radhakrishnan 503
Ch. 32 A Personal Exemption from Complete Determinism: Skinner 507
Ch. 33 How Can We Explain Judgments of Regret?: James 518
Ch. 34 Minds, Brains, and Science: Searle 525
Pt. 8 The Question of Destiny: What Is the Meaning of Life? 535
Ch. 35 The Deliberate Limitations of Philosophy: Warnock 539
Ch. 36 The Inevitability of the Question "What Is the Aim of Life": Tolstoy 543
Ch. 37 The Stages on Life's Way: Kierkegaard 552
Ch. 38 The Human Condition: Sartre 562
Glossary 579
Additional Suggested Readings 584
Index 589
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  • Anonymous

    Posted August 10, 2006

    Far better than the butchered fourth edition

    I have taught Philosophy using Dr. Stumpf's book since it was a new edition in 1994. It is VASTLY superior to the hack job a later interloper performed on the text for the fourth edition. My students love this book, and often buy their own copies (I teach high school).

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