The Elements of Reasoning / Edition 3 by David Conway | 9780534519490 | Paperback | Barnes & Noble
The Elements of Reasoning / Edition 3

The Elements of Reasoning / Edition 3

by David Conway
     
 

ISBN-10: 0534519490

ISBN-13: 9780534519490

Pub. Date: 12/28/1999

Publisher: Cengage Learning

This text is a concise and elegant introduction to the basic elements of argumentative prose and the conceptual tools necessary to understand, analyze, criticize, and construct arguments. The book serves not only as a text but as a useful handbook of reasoning in much the same way that Strunk and White's ELEMENTS OF STYLE provides a handbook for writers. While the

Overview

This text is a concise and elegant introduction to the basic elements of argumentative prose and the conceptual tools necessary to understand, analyze, criticize, and construct arguments. The book serves not only as a text but as a useful handbook of reasoning in much the same way that Strunk and White's ELEMENTS OF STYLE provides a handbook for writers. While the book covers the standard formal tools of introductory logic, its emphasis is on practical applications to the kinds of arguments students most often encounter.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780534519490
Publisher:
Cengage Learning
Publication date:
12/28/1999
Edition description:
Older Edition
Pages:
240
Product dimensions:
6.69(w) x 9.45(h) x (d)

Related Subjects

Table of Contents

Prefacevi
Orientation1
1Recognizing Arguments5
What Is an Argument?5
Three General Considerations6
Recognizing Arguments7
Multiple Conclusions and Complex Arguments12
Exercises14
2Analyzing Arguments20
Showing the Structure of Arguments20
Strategies of Analysis23
Two Special Problems26
Analyzing a Complex Argument: An Example28
Exercises31
3Evaluating Arguments39
Deductive Arguments39
Exercises45
Nondeductive Arguments47
Complex Arguments54
Exercises57
Overall Argument Evaluation60
Exercises62
4Some Valid Argument Forms64
Sentential Form64
Exercises67
Valid Argument Forms68
Two Invalid Argument Forms72
Exercises73
Showing the Validity of Complex Arguments75
Exercises77
Conditionals79
Equivalent Forms80
Exercises83
Using Inference and Equivalence Rules84
Exercises86
5More Valid Argument Forms: Categorical Reasoning and Venn Diagrams89
Categorical Statements89
Exercises94
Categorical Syllogisms95
Exercises101
6Causal Analysis104
Basic Causal Relationships104
Designating Factors as Causes110
Causal Explanations111
Testing Causal Claims112
Exercises119
7Argument by Analogy and Models124
Analogical Arguments124
Models127
Evaluating Analogical Reasoning129
Exercises131
8Errors in Reasoning: Fallacies137
Fallacies in Supporting a Claim137
Exercises143
Exercises148
Fallacies of Criticism and Response149
Exercises156
9Definition164
Definition of Definition164
Two Types of Definition164
Methods of Definition168
Standards of Definition171
Exercises173
10Vagueness and Ambiguity176
Vagueness176
Ambiguity181
Exercises185
11Reasonable Beliefs190
Granted Claims and Accepted Beliefs190
New Claims, Background Beliefs, and Rationality200
Exercises202
Exercises: Some Answers, Hints, and Comments208
Index230

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