Emancipation Proclamation: Ending Slavery in Americaby Adam Woog
Written by President Abraham Lincoln in the bustling mailroom of the White House, the Emancipation Proclamation angered and shocked many people. Declaring that all slaves would be freed in the Confederate states that did not return to the Union by January 1, 1863, this groundbreaking document is considered Lincoln's most direct action to hasten the end of slavery. Though the Emancipation Proclamation was widely attacked at the time of its creation because it freed only the slaves in states in which the Union held no power, its issuance linked the Union's fight for the country's unity with the moral cause of freeing the slaves. It also allowed black men-primarily former slaves-to join the military, thus creating crucial advantages for the North that factored into the end of the Civil War. The Emancipation Proclamation examines the story behind one of the most important documents in history-a precursor to the Thirteenth Amendment to the Constitution, which effectively ended slavery in the United States.
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