Emerald Hills of the Heart: Key Concepts in the Practice of Sufism

Overview

Sufism is a path followed by Muslims to reach God, the Truth. Sufism has been defined as God annihilating the believer's ego and self-centeredness and then reviving him or her spiritually and directing him or her by His Own Will. It also is considered continual struggle to rid oneself of all evil in order to acquire virtue. Adherents must purify their hearts of all that is not God; prepare themselves to receive Divine blessings and inspiration by renouncing the world; and, through worship, deepen their ...
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Overview

Sufism is a path followed by Muslims to reach God, the Truth. Sufism has been defined as God annihilating the believer's ego and self-centeredness and then reviving him or her spiritually and directing him or her by His Own Will. It also is considered continual struggle to rid oneself of all evil in order to acquire virtue. Adherents must purify their hearts of all that is not God; prepare themselves to receive Divine blessings and inspiration by renouncing the world; and, through worship, deepen their consciousness of being a servant of God. The author discusses, among other subjects, the following: repentance, righteousness, knowledge and love of God, asceticism, perfect goodness, and sincerity.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781597841368
  • Publisher: Tughra Books
  • Publication date: 1/1/2009
  • Pages: 310
  • Product dimensions: 6.37 (w) x 9.39 (h) x 1.14 (d)

Meet the Author

M. Fethullah G├╝len is a writer, a poet, and a public speaker on issues related to Islam.

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Table of Contents

The Emerald Hills of the Heart or Key Concepts in the Practice of Sufism vii

Irshad and Murshid (Guidance and the Guide) 1

Safar (Journeying) 9

Wasil (One who has Reached) 16

Samt (Silence) 23

Halwat and Jalwat (Privacy and Company) 27

Tlm Ladun (The Special Knowledge from God's Presence) 32

Waliyy and Awliyaullah (God's Friend [Saint] and God's Friends [Saints]) 37

Abrar (The Godly, Virtuous Ones) 40

Muqarrabun (Those Favored with God's Special Nearness) 41

Abdal (The Substitutes) 43

Nujaba (The Nobles) 47

Nukaba (The Custodians) 48

Awtad (The Pillars) 49

Ghawth (The Helper or the Means of Divine Help) 50

Qutb (The Pole) 53

Fayd and Tajalli (Effusion and Manifestation) 57

Tajalli (Manifestation) 65

The Manifestation of the Divine Being or the Divine Essence 65

The Manifestation of Divine Essential Qualities 67

The Manifestation of Divine Attributes 68

The Manifestation of Divine Names 68

The Manifestation of Divine Works 69

The Manifestation of Divine Acts 70

The Manifestation of Divine Grace 71

The Manifestation of Divine Majesty 71

Wahy and Ilham (Revelation and Inspiration) 72

A'yan ath-Thabita and 'Alam Al-Mithal (Archetypes and the World of Representations or Ideal Forms) 79

Heavenly or Elevated Realms 86

'Alam Lahut (The Realm of the Transcendental Manifestation of Divinity) 89

'Alam Rahamut (The Realm of the Transcendental Manifestation of Divine Mercy and Compassion) 90

'Alam Jabarut (The Realm of the Transcendental Manifestation of Divine Attributes and Names) 92

'Alam Malakut (The Realm of the Transcendental Manifestation of Divine Commands) 93

Ahadiya and Wahidiya (Uniqueness or Absolute Oneness and Unity)97

Al-Awwal (The First), Al-Ahir (The Last) Az-Zahir (The All-Outward), Al-Batin (The All-Inward) 107

Wahda and Kasra (Unity and Multiplicity) 120

The Spirit and What Follows 134

Ionia 140

Socrates (470-399 BCE) 142

Plato (428/427-348/347 BCE) 142

Aristotle (384-322 BCE) 143

Philo (20 BCE-50 CE) 144

Toward the Present Time 146

Henri Bergson (1859-1941) 148

Pantheism and/or Monism 148

Spiritualism 149

Approaches from the Muslim World 151

Ibn Sina (Avicenna) (980-1037 CE) 154

Imam al-Ghazzali (1058-1111 CE) 158

Fakhru'd-Din ar-Razi (1149-1209 CE) 161

The Considerations of the Scholars of Sufism about the Spirit 165

Bediuzzaman Said Nursi's views on the Spirit 168

The Sufis and the Spirit 172

Wijdan (Conscience) 188

The Spiritual Intellect 190

Willpower According to the Basic Principles of the Islamic Creed 194

The Mind 201

The Power of Perceptiveness 202

'Aql (Reason) 206

Nafs (The Soul) 216

Karama (Wonder) 226

Nazar and Tawajjuh (Attention and Regard) 239

Subuhat-i Wajh (The Flood of God's Facial Light) 248

Waridat and Mawhiba (Gifts and Favor) 257

Khulla (Sincere Friendship) 264

Index 273

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