Emergence in Mind

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There have long been controversies about how it is that minds can fit into a physical universe. Emergence in Mind presents new essays by a distinguished group of philosophers investigating whether mental properties can be said to 'emerge' from the physical processes in the universe. Such emergence requires mental properties to be different from physical properties, and much of the discussion relates to what the consequences of such a difference might be in areas such as freedom of the will, and the possibility of scientific explanations of non-physical (for example, social) phenomena. The volume also extends the debate about emergence by considering the independence of chemical properties from physical properties, and investigating what would need to be the case for there to be groups that could be said to exercise rationality.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780199583621
  • Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
  • Publication date: 6/25/2010
  • Pages: 304
  • Product dimensions: 6.40 (w) x 9.50 (h) x 1.00 (d)

Meet the Author

Cynthia Macdonald is Professor of Philosophy at Queen's University Belfast and Adjunct Professor of Philosophy at the University of Canterbury, New Zealand. Her research interests focus on the metaphysical foundations of mental causation and explanation and authoritative self-knowledge. Related recent publications include Varieties of Things: Foundations of Contemporary Metaphysics (Oxford: Blackwell 2005), 'Consciousness, Self-Consciousness, and Authoritative Self-Knowledge', Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 108, (2008), and 'Introspection', in A. Beckermann, B. McLaughlin, and S. Walter, eds., the Oxford Handbook to the Philosophy of Mind (Oxford: Oxford University Press 2008). She is currently completing a monograph with Graham Macdonald on Mental Causation and Explanation in the Special Sciences, funded by the Royal Society of New Zealand Marsden Foundation.

Graham Macdonald was educated in South Africa and England. He is presently Distinguished International Fellow in the Institute of Cognition and Culture, Queen's University Belfast, and Adjunct Professor of Philosophy at the University of Canterbury in New Zealand. Recent publications include 'The Metaphysics of Mental Causation'(with Cynthia Macdonald), Journal of Philosophy 2006, and 'The Two Natures: Another Dogma?', in C. Macdonald and G. Macdonald, eds., McDowell and His Critics (Blackwell 2007).

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Table of Contents

Notes on Contributors vii

1 Introduction Cynthia Macdonald Graham Macdonald 1

2 Cosmic Hermeneutics vs. Emergence: The Challenge of the Explanatory Gap Tim Crane 22

3 Explanation, Emergence, and Causality: Comments on Crane Michele Di Francesco 35

4 Is Non-reductive Physicalism Viable within a Causal Powers Metaphysic? Timothy O'Connor John Ross Churchill 43

5 Exclusion and Physicalism: Comments on O'Connor and Churchill Stephan Leuenberger 61

6 Emergent Causation and Property Causation Paul Noordhof 69

7 Emergence: Laws and Properties: Comments on Noordhof Simone Gozzano 100

8 The Causal Autonomy of the Special Sciences Peter Menzies Christian List 108

9 Causal and Explanatory Autonomy: Comments on Menzies and List Ausonio Marras Juhani Yli-Vakkuri 129

10 Emergence and Downward Causation Cynthia Macdonald Graham Macdonald 139

11 Identity with a Difference: Comments on Macdonald and Macdonald Peter Wyss 169

12 Can Any Sciences Be Special? David Papineau 179

13 Can Any Sciences be Special? Comments on Papineau Michael Esfeld 198

14 Emergence vs. Reduction in Chemistry Robin Findlay Hendry 205

15 An Emergentist's Perspective on the Problem of Free Will Achim Stephan 222

16 Strong Emergence and Freedom: Comments on Stephan Max Kistler 240

17 Rationality, Reasoning, and Group Agency Philip Pettit 252

Index 277

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