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On April 19, 1995 a bomb destroyed the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building in Oklahoma City. Leaving 168 dead and 800 wounded, this shocking terrorist attack on US soil was a tragic and important event in American history. The reaction to the Oklahoma City bombing offers and excellent case study of the implementation of emergency response polices and practices after a major disaster.
Emergency Response to Domestic Terrorism provides a detailed analysis of how the response unfolded on that fateful day. It is a unique work in that it uses the words of emergency, responders who were actually on the scene to integrate, challenge, and support the emergency response arguments of many disciplines. Interviews with personnel from the Fire Department, Police Department, EMS, hospitals, media, Highway Patrol and other agencies, provide valuable insights into the challenges faced by those who were responsible for bringing order out of chaos. The book examines the actions, cultures, structures, training, and networking of bureaucracies that may help or hinder emergency response efforts. This kind of in-depth analysis of emergency response plans and actions will provide invaluable insights to the response community and other bureaucracies on what happened that day-leading to improved policies and implementation for future disasters.
List of Figures and Tables viii
Chapter 1 Bureaucratic Response to Disasters: Issues and Methods 1
Chapter 2 Disaster, Chaos, and Response: First Arrival at the Murrah Building Scene 20
Chapter 3 Emergency Response Challenges 33
Chapter 4 Response as a Street-Level Phenomenon 51
Chapter 5 Response Bureaucracies' Tasks and Goals 66
Chapter 6 Conclusions: Lessons Learned and Reinforced 83
Appendix A Interviews Conducted 101
Appendix B Interview Questionnaires 103