Emotions across Languages and Cultures: Diversity and Universals

Emotions across Languages and Cultures: Diversity and Universals

by Anna Wierzbicka
     
 

ISBN-10: 0521590426

ISBN-13: 9780521590426

Pub. Date: 11/01/1999

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

In this ground-breaking book, Anna Wierzbicka brings psychological, anthropological and lingusitic insights to bear on our understanding of the way emotions are expressed and experienced in different cultures, languages, and social relations. The expression of emotion in the face, body and modes of speech are all explored and Wierzbicka shows how the bodily expression…  See more details below

Overview

In this ground-breaking book, Anna Wierzbicka brings psychological, anthropological and lingusitic insights to bear on our understanding of the way emotions are expressed and experienced in different cultures, languages, and social relations. The expression of emotion in the face, body and modes of speech are all explored and Wierzbicka shows how the bodily expression of emotion varies across cultures and challenges traditional approaches to the study of facial expressions. This book will be invaluable to academics and students of emotion across the social sciences.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780521590426
Publisher:
Cambridge University Press
Publication date:
11/01/1999
Series:
Studies in Emotion and Social Interaction Series
Pages:
362
Product dimensions:
5.98(w) x 8.98(h) x 0.94(d)

Table of Contents

List of figures
Acknowledgments
List of abbreviations
1Introduction: feelings, languages, and cultures1
1Emotions or feelings?1
2Breaking the "hermeneutical circle"7
3"Experience-near" and "experience-distant" concepts10
4Describing feelings through prototypes12
5"Emotions": disruptive episodes or vital forces that mould our lives?17
6Why words matter24
7Emotion and culture31
8The Natural Semantic Metalanguage (NSM) as a tool for cross-cultural analysis34
9An illustration: "sadness" in English and in Russian38
10The scope of this book45
2Defining emotion concepts: discovering "cognitive scenarios"49
1"Something good happened" and related concepts50
2"Something bad happened" and related concepts60
3"Bad things can happen" and related concepts72
4"I don't want things like this to happen" and related concepts87
5Thinking about other people97
6Thinking about ourselves108
7Concluding remarks121
3A case study of emotion in culture: German Angst123
1"Angst" as a peculiarly German concept123
2Heidegger's analysis of "Angst"126
3"Angst" in the language of psychology128
4Angst in everyday language130
5Defining Angst134
6The German Angst in a comparative perspective137
7Luther's influence on the German language139
8Eschatological anxieties of Luther's times141
9The meaning of Angst in Luther's writings143
10Martin Luther's inner life and its possible impact on the history of Angst148
11Luther's possible role in the shift from Angst "affliction" to Angst "anxiety/fear"151
12The great social and economic anxieties of Luther's times158
13Uncertainty vs. certainty, Angst vs. Sicherheit159
14Certainty and Ordnung163
15Conclusion166
4Reading human faces168
1The human face: a "mirror" or a "tool?"168
2From the "psychology of facial expression" to the "semantics of facial expression"172
3"Social" does not mean "voluntary"175
4What kind of "messages" can a face transmit?177
5Messages are not "dimensions"178
6"The face alone" or "the face in context"?180
7Analysing facial behaviour into meaningful components182
8Summing up the assumptions185
9In what terms should facial behaviour be described?186
10Humans and primates: a unified framework for verbal, non-verbal, and preverbal communication191
11The meaning of eyebrows drawn together195
12The meaning of "raised eyebrows"201
13The meaning of the "wide open eyes" (with immobile eyebrows)206
14The meaning of a down-turned mouth208
15The meaning of tightly pressed lips211
16Conclusion: the what, the how, and the why in the reading of human faces213
5Russian emotional expression216
1Introduction216
2Emotion and the body219
3Conclusion234
6Comparing emotional norms across languages and cultures: Polish vs. Anglo-American240
1Emotion and culture240
2The scripts of "sincerity"241
3The scripts of interpersonal "warmth"251
4The scripts of "spontaneity"255
5Conclusion271
7Emotional universals273
1"Emotional universals" - genuine and spurious273
2A proposed set of "emotional universals"275
3Conclusion305
Notes308
References318
Index338

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