Empirical Truths and Critical Fictions: Locke, Wordsworth, Kant, Freudby Cathy Caruth
In the prevailing account of English empiricism, Locke conceived of self-understanding as a matter of mere observation, bound closely to the laws of physical perception. English Romantic poets and German critical philosophers challenged Locke's conception, arguing that it failed to account adequately for the power of thought to turn upon itselfto detach… See more details below
In the prevailing account of English empiricism, Locke conceived of self-understanding as a matter of mere observation, bound closely to the laws of physical perception. English Romantic poets and German critical philosophers challenged Locke's conception, arguing that it failed to account adequately for the power of thought to turn upon itselfto detach itself from the laws of the physical world. Cathy Caruth reinterprets questions at the heart of empiricism by treating Locke's text not simply as philosophical doctrine but also as a narrative in which "experience" plays an unexpected and uncanny role. Rediscovering traces and transformations of this narrative in Wordsworth, Kant, and Freud, Caruth argues that these authors must not be read only as rejecting or overcoming empirical doctrine but also as reencountering in their own narratives the complex and difficult relation between language and experience.
Beginning her inquiry with the moment of empirical self-reflection in Locke's Essay Concerning Human Understandingwhen a mad mother mourns her dead childCaruth asks what it means that empiricism represents itself as an act of mourning and explores why scenes of mourning reappear in later texts such as Wordsworth's Prelude, Kant's Metaphysical Foundations of Natural Science and Prolegomena to Any Future Metaphysics, and Freud's Civilization. From these readings Caruth traces a recurring narrative of radical loss and the continual displacement of the object or the agent of loss. In Locke it is the mother who mourns her dead child, while in Wordsworth it is the child who mourns the dead mother. In Kant the father murders the son, while in Freud the sons murder the father.
As she traces this pattern, Caruth shows that the conceptual claims of each text to move beyond empiricism are implicit claims to move beyond reference. Yet the narrative of death in each text, she argues, leaves a referential residue that cannot be reclaimed by empirical or conceptual logic. Caruth thus reveals, in each of these authors, a tension between the abstraction of a conceptual language freed from reference and the compelling referential resistance of particular stories to abstraction.
Johns Hopkins University Press
A very thoughtful and valuable contribution to understanding empiricism's critical resistance to its own theory.
Reanimates this region of the critical terrain... Caruth's book belongs to that special category of works in literary theory that are not only intellectually stimulating but affectively moving.
Its reminder of a critical style now apparently sidelined by various modes of historicist inquiry could not be timelier.
Presumably one of the last publications we shall receive that will be able to acknowledge the personal influence of Paul de Man's teaching... Exciting and tenacious.
Her aim is nothing less than to rethink the place of experience in the texts which constitute our transcendental and Romantic self-understanding. Caruth's reexamination of the enigma of experience proceeds through painstakingly close readings of some major texts of our modernity.
Caruth's absorbing book is powerful enough to challenge and engage one's own predispositions, and to continue very lively debates.
- Johns Hopkins University Press
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- 5.40(w) x 8.40(h) x 0.50(d)
- Age Range:
- 18 Years
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