Empowered Participation: Reinventing Urban Democracy / Edition 1

Empowered Participation: Reinventing Urban Democracy / Edition 1

by Archon Fung
     
 

ISBN-10: 0691126089

ISBN-13: 9780691126081

Pub. Date: 02/21/2006

Publisher: Princeton University Press

Every month in every neighborhood in Chicago, residents, teachers, school principals, and police officers gather to deliberate about how to improve their schools and make their streets safer. Residents of poor neighborhoods participate as much or more as those from wealthy ones. All voices are heard. Since the meetings began more than a dozen years ago, they have

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Overview

Every month in every neighborhood in Chicago, residents, teachers, school principals, and police officers gather to deliberate about how to improve their schools and make their streets safer. Residents of poor neighborhoods participate as much or more as those from wealthy ones. All voices are heard. Since the meetings began more than a dozen years ago, they have led not only to safer streets but also to surprising improvements in the city's schools. Chicago's police department and school system have become democratic urban institutions unlike any others in America.

Empowered Participation is the compelling chronicle of this unprecedented transformation. It is the first comprehensive empirical analysis of the ways in which participatory democracy can be used to effect social change. Using city-wide data and six neighborhood case studies, the book explores how determined Chicago residents, police officers, teachers, and community groups worked to banish crime and transform a failing city school system into a model for educational reform. The author's conclusion: Properly designed and implemented institutions of participatory democratic governance can spark citizen involvement that in turn generates innovative problem-solving and public action. Their participation makes organizations more fair and effective.

Though the book focuses on Chicago's municipal agencies, its lessons are applicable to many American cities. Its findings will prove useful not only in the fields of education and law enforcement, but also to sectors as diverse as environmental regulation, social service provision, and workforce development.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780691126081
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
Publication date:
02/21/2006
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
306
Product dimensions:
6.10(w) x 9.20(h) x 0.90(d)

Table of Contents


List of Figures and Tables vii

Preface ix

Abbreviations xi

1. Democracy as a Reform Strategy 1

1.1. Empowered Participation as an Administrative Reform Strategy 2

1.2. Accountable Autonomy: An Institutional Design for Empowered Participation 5

1.3. Paths More Traveled: Markets and Public Hierarchies 8

1.4. Origins: Civic Engagement, Pragmatism, and Deliberative Democracy 14

1.5. Mechanisms of Effectiveness 18

1.6. Sources of Fairness 23

1.7. Exploring Accountable Autonomy, in Theory and Practice 26

2. Down to the Neighborhoods 31

2.1. Perils of Patronage: School Governance in the Machine Era 31

2.2. Progressive Reform and Bureaucratic Administration, 1947-980 37

2.3. Legitimation Crisis to Accountable Autonomy, 1980-1988 39

2.4. Progressive Reformers and Machine Policing 44

2.5. Building the Modern Police Bureaucracy in Chicago 47

2.6. Legitimation Crisis in Policing 51

2.7. Toward Community-Centered Policing 53

2.8. Administration as Pragmatic and Participatory Neighborhood Deliberation 56

2.9. Deliberative Problem-Solving in Chicago LCSs 61

2.10.Communities of Inquiry in Chicago Policing 63

2.11.Conclusion 68

3. Building Capacity and Accountability 69

3.1. Dilemmas of Devolution 70

3.2. Training: Schools of Democracy in the Chicago Reforms 73

3.3. Mobilization 74

3.4. Cognitive Templates for Deliberative Governance and Problem-Solving 76

3.5. Bottom-Up, Top-Down Accountability 79

3.6. Enhancing Institutional Background Conditions for Problem-Solving 83

3.7. Networking Inquiry 86

3.8. Redistribution to the Least Capable 89

3.9. Conflicts between Community and the Local State 91

4. Challenges to Participation 99

4.1. Three Stages of Empirical Investigation 99

4.2. The Strong Rational-Choice Perspective 101

4.3. Strong Egalitarianism 108

4.4. Social Capital 119

4.5. Unity and the Politics of Difference 122

4.6. Expertise 128

5. Deliberation and Poverty 132

5.1. Deliberation in Contexts of Poverty and Social Conflict 132

5.2. Initial Conditions: Six Cases in Three Neighborhoods 135

5.3. Southtown Elementary Becomes Harambee Academy 142

5.4. Central Beat: Nonsystematic Problem-Solving 151

5.5. Traxton School: Wealth and Embedded Agreement 159

5.6. Poverty and the Character of Pragmatic Deliberation 170

6. Deliberation in Social Conflict 173

6.1. Bridges across Race and Class in Traxton Beat 173

6.2. Translation and Trust in Southtown Beat 197

6.3. The Discipline of Self-Reflection: Central Elementary under Probation 210

6.4. Beyond Decentralization: Structured Deliberation and Intervention 217

7. The Chicago Experience and Beyond 220

7.1. Lessons from the Street 221

7.2. System-wide Democratic and Administrative Accomplishments 225

7.3. Incomplete Politics and Institutional Instability 228

7.4. Bringing Practice Back into Participatory and Deliberative Democratic Theory 231

7.5. Beyond Chicago 233

7.6. The Promise of Participatory-Deliberative Democracy 241

Notes 243

Selected Bibliography 253

Index 271

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