EMT Prehospital Care - Revised Reprint / Edition 3

EMT Prehospital Care - Revised Reprint / Edition 3

by Mark C. Henry, Edward R. Stapleton

ISBN-10: 0323048668

ISBN-13: 9780323048668

Pub. Date: 11/21/2006

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

Thoroughly revised and updated, EMT Prehospital Care, 3rd Edition, provides a visually rich, easy-to-read textbook that follows the U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT) National Standard Curriculum for EMT-Basics. Plus, EMT Prehospital Care, 3rd Edition, goes beyond the curriculum in every chapter!


Thoroughly revised and updated, EMT Prehospital Care, 3rd Edition, provides a visually rich, easy-to-read textbook that follows the U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT) National Standard Curriculum for EMT-Basics. Plus, EMT Prehospital Care, 3rd Edition, goes beyond the curriculum in every chapter!

Product Details

Elsevier Health Sciences
Publication date:
EMT Prehospital Care Series
Edition description:
Revised Reprint Edition
Product dimensions:
8.50(w) x 10.90(h) x 1.40(d)

Table of Contents

Chapter 1Introduction to Emergency Medical Care1
The Emergency Medical Services System and the EMT-B2
Historical Perspective2
Battlefields as a Laboratory2
Overview of the Emergency Medical Services System5
Roles and Responsibilities10
Professional Attributes14
Quality Improvement16
Medical Direction16
Chapter 2Well-Being of the EMT-Basic21
Emotional Aspects of Emergency Care23
Stress Management25
Comprehensive Critical Incident Stress Management26
Scene Safety28
Understanding Communicable Diseases29
Hazardous Situations42
Chapter 3Medicolegal and Ethical Issues50
Ethical Responsibilities51
Scope of Practice53
Standard of Care53
"Good Samaritan" Legislation55
Refusal of Treatment and Transport56
Intoxicated, Irrational, and Emotionally Disturbed Patients57
Do Not Resuscitate (DNR) Orders, Advance Directives, and Health Care Proxies58
Donor and Organ Harvesting60
Medical Identification Insignia60
Crime Scenes60
Risk Management61
Chapter 4The Human Body67
Anatomic Terms68
Body Systems70
Understanding the Relevance of Anatomy and Physiology107
Sudden and Unexpected Death109
Chapter 5Baseline Vital Signs and SAMPLE History114
Baseline Vital Signs115
Vital Sign Assessment126
Taking a History126
Chapter 6Lifting and Moving Patients132
Body Mechanics134
Principles of Moving Patients137
Patient Positioning161
Chapter 7Airway167
Anatomy and Physiology169
Adequate versus Inadequate Breathing174
Opening the Airway178
Positive-Pressure Ventilation183
Oxygen Therapy195
Special Considerations202
Chapter 8Scene Size-up212
Scene Safety Scenarios213
Scene Size-up and Patient Assessment214
Standard Precautions: A Review214
Scene Safety216
Protective Gear217
Crash/Rescue Gear217
Crime Scenes219
Environmental Hazards219
Mechanism of Injury and Nature of Illness220
Chapter 9Initial Assessment228
General Impression229
Airway Assessment237
Breathing Assessment237
Circulation Assessment241
Infants and Children244
Identification of Priority Patients244
Chapter 10Focused History and Physical Examination of Trauma Patients250
Focused Physical Examination versus Rapid Trauma Assessment253
Reconsidering the Mechanism of Injury254
Rapid Trauma Assessment256
Patients with No Significant Injury261
Assessment of Baseline Vital Signs261
SAMPLE History261
Chapter 11Focused History and Physical Examination of Medical Patients271
History of Present Illness275
The Responsive Patient278
The Unresponsive Patient or the Patient With Altered Mental Status278
Respecting Privacy and Patient Autonomy279
Chapter 12Detailed Physical Examination282
Nature of the Detailed Physical Examination285
Additional Care285
Approach to the Detailed Physical Examination287
Chapter 13Ongoing Assessment296
Repeat Examinations298
Emotional Needs of the Patient298
Components of the Ongoing Assessment300
Chapter 14Communications304
Communication Systems306
Principles of Radio Communication308
Communication with Medical Direction308
System Maintenance310
Interpersonal Communication310
Chapter 15Documentation317
The Prehospital Care Report319
Principles of Documentation320
Components of a Prehospital Care Report322
Special Authorization Forms324
Chapter 16General Pharmacology334
Medications and the EMT335
Assisting a Patient with a Prescribed Medication340
Reassessment Strategies340
Pediatric Considerations341
Geriatric Considerations341
Chapter 17Respiratory Emergencies345
Anatomy and Physiology346
Anatomic Considerations in Infants and Children349
Assessing the Patient with Difficulty Breathing350
Emergency Medical Care355
Conditions that Cause Respiratory Emergencies358
Chapter 18Cardiovascular Emergencies368
Chain of Survival370
Anatomy and Physiology371
Ischemic Heart Disease374
Cardiac Compromise376
Emergency Medical Care: Responsive Cardiac Patient378
Automated External Defibrillators385
Chapter 19Altered Mental Status403
Anatomy and Physiology405
Causes of Altered Mental Status407
Diabetic Emergencies407
Emergency Medical Care for Patients with Altered Mental Status425
Chapter 20Allergies433
Chapter 21Poisoning and Overdoses446
Poison Control Centers448
Types of Exposure448
Special Considerations455
Chapter 22Environmental Emergencies473
Heat Regulation475
Heat Production475
Heat Loss476
Mechanisms of Control477
Cold Emergencies478
Heat Emergencies484
Drowning and Submersion Episodes486
Animal Bites and Stings488
Chapter 23Behavioral Emergencies497
Scope of the Problem498
Types of Behavioral Disorders500
Approach to Patients with Behavioral Emergencies502
Transport and Patient Restraint Decisions504
Chapter 24Obstetrics and Gynecology510
Anatomy and Physiology512
Resuscitation and Care of the Newborn525
Special Circumstances in Childbirth527
Predelivery Emergencies532
Gynecologic Emergencies534
Chapter 25Bleeding and Shock540
Anatomy and Physiology541
External Bleeding543
Internal Bleeding550
Traumatic Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation558
Chapter 26Soft Tissue Injuries562
Anatomy and Physiology563
Dressings and Bandages573
Facial Injuries574
Chapter 27Chest and Abdominal Trauma604
The Chest605
Abdominal Injuries614
Chapter 28Musculoskeletal Care624
Anatomy and Physiology625
Musculoskeletal Injuries630
Chapter 29Injuries to the Head and Spine658
Anatomy and Physiology659
Function of the Nervous System664
Oxygen and Glucose: Essential Nutrients of the Centreal Nervous System664
Nerve Cells and Pressure665
Injuries to the Spine665
Injuries to the Head672
Chapter 30Infants and Children708
Differences between Children and Adults709
Common Pediatric Conditions721
Child Abuse737
Infants and Children with Special Needs739
Emotional Stress742
Chapter 31Ambulance Operations747
Phases of an Ambulance Call748
Aeromedical Considerations763
Chapter 32Gaining Access769
Response and Approach to the Scene770
Scene Size-up and Scene Safety771
Gaining Access774
Chapter 33Disasters and Hazardous Materials779
Hazardous Materials780
Incident Management Systems and Disasters789
Chapter 34Advanced Airway Management808
Cricoid Pressure (Sellick Maneuver)810
Orotracheal Intubation811
Alternative Airway Devices820
Advanced Airway Management in Infants and Children826
Chapter 35Weapons of Mass Destruction and the EMT839
History of Terrorism840
Nuclear, Biologic, and Chemical Agents842
Biologic Agents845
Chemical Agents855
Nuclear Agents864
Chapter 36Geriatric Emergencies878
Physiologic Changes with Age879
Factors that Complicate Patient Assessment880
Common Complaints and Problems in the Elderly882
Depression and Suicide885
Appendix AInfection Control Guidelines for Prehospital Care889
Appendix BCardiopulmonary Resuscitation893
Appendix CMaintenance of Intravenous Lines914
Appendix DDomestic Violence and Elderly Abuse918
Appendix ENational Registry Skill Sheets924

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