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What is a natural forest disturbance? How well do we understand natural forest disturbances and how might we emulate them in forest management? What role does emulation play in forest management? Representing a range of geographic perspectives from across Canada and the United States, this book looks at the escalating public debate on the viability of natural disturbance emulation for sustaining forest landscapes from the perspective of policymakers, forestry professionals, academics, and conservationists.
This book provides a scientific foundation for justifying the use of and a solid framework for examining the ambiguities inherent in emulating natural forest landscape disturbance. It acknowledges the divergent expectations that practitioners face and offers a balanced view of the promises and challenges associated with applying this emerging forest management paradigm.
The first section examines foundational concepts, addressing questions of what emulation involves and what ecological reasoning substantiates it. These include a broad overview, a detailed review of emerging forest management paradigms and their global context, and an examination of the ecological premise for emulating natural disturbance. This section also explores the current understanding of natural disturbance regimes, including the two most prevalent in North America: fire and insects.
The second section uses case studies from a wide geographical range to address the characterization of natural disturbances and the development of applied templates for their emulation through forest management. The emphasis on fire regimes in this section reflects the greater focus that has traditionally been placed on understanding and managing fire, compared with other forms of disturbance, and utilizes several viewpoints to address the lessons learned from historical disturbance patterns.
Reflecting on current thinking in the field, immediate challenges, and potential directions, the final section moves deeper into the issues of practical applications by exploring the expectations for and feasibility of emulating natural disturbance through forest management.
Columbia University Press
CONCEPTS1. Emulating Natural Disturbance in Forest Management: An Overview, by Ajith H. Perera and Lisa J. Buse2. Emulating Natural Forest Disturbance: What Does This Mean?, by J. P. Kimmins3. The Ecological and Genetic Basis for Emulating Natural Disturbance in Forest Management: Theory Guiding Practice, by Ian D. Thompson and Alton S. Harestad4. Concepts and Approaches in Characterizing Natural Forest Disturbance Regimes, by Roger Suffling and Ajith H. Perera5. Predicting Fire Regimes at Multiple Scales, by Robert E. Keane, Russell E. Parsons, and Mathew G. Rollins6. Predicting Forest Insect Disturbance Regimes for Use in Emulating Natural Disturbance, by David A. MacLeanAPPLICATIONS--UNDERSTANDING FOREST DISTURBANCES7. Empirical Approaches to Modeling Wildland Fire in the Pacific Northwest Region of the United States: Methods and Applications to Landscape Simulation, by Donald McKenzie, Susan Prichard, Amy E. Hessl, and David L. Peterson8. Simulating Forest Fire Regimes in the Foothills of the Canadian Rocky Mountains, by Chao Li9. Spatial Simulation of Broad-Scale Fire Regimes as a Tool for Emulating Natural Forest Landscape Disturbance, by Ajith H. Perera, Dennis Yemshanov, Frank Schnekenburger, David J. B. Baldwin, De10. Simulating the Effects of Forest Fire and Timber Harvesting on the Hardwood Species of Central Missouri, by Hong S. He, Stephen R. Shifley, William Dijak, and Eric J. Gustafson11. Using Insect-Caused Patterns of Disturbance in Northern New Brunswick to Inform Forest Management, by Kevin B. Porter, Brendan Hemens, and David A. MacLean12. Using Criteria Based on the Natural Fire Regime to Evaluate Forest Management in the Oregon Coast Range of the United States, by Michael C. Wimberly, Thomas A. Spies, and Etsuko Nonaka13. Using a Decision Support System to Estimate Departures of Present Forest Landscape Patterns from Historical Conditions: An Example from the Inland Northwest Region of the United States, by Paul F. Hessburg, Keith M. Reynolds, R. Brion Salter, and Merrick B. Richmond14. Changes in Tree Species Composition from Pre-settlement to Present: A Case Study of the Temagami Forest Ontario, by Fred Pinto and Stephen RomaniukAPPLICATIONS--PERSPECTIVES, PRACTICES, AND POLICY15. A Conservation Perspective on Emulating Natural Disturbance in the Management of Boreal Forests in Ontario, by David L. Euler, Chris Henschel, and Tom Clark16. Consequences of Emulating Natural Forest Disturbance: A Canadian Forest Industry Perspective, by Daryll Hebert17. An Economic Perspective on "Emulation" Forestry and a Case Study on Woodland Caribou--Wood Production Trade-offs in Northern Ontario, by Daniel McKenney, Al Mussel, and Glenn Fox18. Developing Forest Management Strategies Based on Fire Regimes in Northwestern Quebec, by Sylvie Gauthier, Thuy Nguyen, Yves Bergeron, Alain Leduc, Pierre Drapeau, and Pi19. Emulating Natural Forest Disturbance: Applications for Silvicultural Systems in the Northern Great Lakes Region of the United States, by John C. Zasada, Brian J. Palik, Thomas R. Crow, and Daniel Gilmore20. Emulating Natural Forest Disturbance in the Wildland--Urban Interface of the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem of the United States, by William H. Romme, Monica G. Turner, Daniel B. Tinker, and Dennis H. Knight21. Emulating Natural Forest Disturbance: From Policy to Practical Guidance in Ontario, by John G. McNicol and James A. BakerCONCLUSION22. Emulating Natural Forest Landscape Disturbances: A Synthesis, by Ajith H. Perera, Lisa J. Buse, Michael G. Weber and Thomas R. CrowReferencesIndex
Columbia University Press