Encounters in World History: Sources and Themes from the Global Past, Volume One / Edition 1

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Overview

History is an encounter with the past, and the past is a history of encounters. Encounters in World History is designed to introduce students to both of these sorts of encounters. Using primary and visual sources, the authors employ the encounter theme as a fundamental organizing principle. By nesting sources in thematically integrated chapters, comparison and analysis of sources can be more substantive, while also providing more internal structure for instructors. At the same time, this is a world history reader, and it follows a chronological format. The material has been presented in such a way that instructors can craft their own courses, emphasizing the aspects they think most important. Chapters are organized so that the general theme is presented in a chapter introduction and then revisited in the separate introductions to specific readings. The readers can be used to highlight preferred eras, cultural zones, or themes, or a unique mixture of all three.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780072451016
  • Publisher: McGraw-Hill Higher Education
  • Publication date: 4/21/2005
  • Edition description: New Edition
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 480
  • Sales rank: 756,570
  • Product dimensions: 6.30 (w) x 9.10 (h) x 0.70 (d)

Table of Contents

Part I: Early Human Societies, to 600 BCE

Chapter 1: Doing History: Using Evidence to Unlock the Human Past



The Human Toolkit

Upper Paleolithic Stone Tools and Habitation

The Emergence of Art and Ritual

Settlement, Trade, and Agriculture



Chapter 2: Creation-Origin Myths and the Mythic Mode of Thought



A Creation Myth from Ancient Mesopotamia

Reading:The Epic of Gilgamesh


Hindu Creation Myths

Reading:The Rig Veda and The Law of Manu



Chapter 3: Kingship and Authority in the Ancient World



Kingship in Ancient Mesopotamia

Reading: Code of Hammurabi


Kingship in Ancient Assyria

Reading: Assyrian Advice to a Prince


Kingship in Israel

Reading: 1 Samuel


Kingship in India


Reading: The Ramayana

Kingship in China

Reading: The Instructions of Yi (The Mandate of Heaven)

Part II: Foundation Cultures; 600 BCE to 300 CE


Chapter 4: Individual Ethics and Social Repsonsibility



The Chinese Tradition

The Confucian Tradition

Reading: Confucius, Analects


Lao Tzu and Taosim



Reading: Lao Tzu, Tao te ching


Han Fei Tzu and Legalism

Reading: Han Fei Tzu, The Five Vermins


The Greek Tradition

Thucydides, History of the Peloponnesian War


Reading: Pericles’ Funeral Oration


Sophocles, Antigone


Reading: Sophocles, Antigone

The Indian Tradition

The Bhagavad Gita


Reading: The Bhagavad Gita

Buddhism


Reading: The Teachings of the Buddha

Southwest Asian Traditions

Persia: Zarathustra, Sayings of the Prophet

Reading: Zarathustra, Yasnas


The Hebrews: Second Isaiah



Reading: The Book of Isaiah.

Chapter 5: Empires, War, and Order



The Chinese Tradition

Conducting Warfare

Reading: Sun Tzu, The Art of Warfare


Interpreting Warfare

Reading: Sima Qian, Records of the Grand Historian


The Greek Tradition

Reading: Tyrtaeus, Praise of the Virtuosity of the Citizen Soldier


Reading: Archilochus, Elegy


The Roman Tradition

The Benefits of Warfare

Reading: Res Gestae Divi Augusti (The Achievements of the Divine Augustus)


Maintaining Imperial Rule

Reading: Josephus, The Jewish Wars


The Indian Tradition

Reading: Asoka, Rock and Pillar Edicts


Chapter 6: Women in the Ancient World



Women in The Homeric World: The Odyssey


Reading: Homer, The Odyssey

A Public Protest Demonstration by Elite Roman Women


Reading: Livy, History of Rome, BOOK XXXIV I-H

Women and Confucian Values in China


Reading: Ban Zhao, Lessons for Women

A Martyred Christian Woman in Roman North Africa


Reading: The Martyrdom of Perpetua, A Christian Woman in Roman North Africa

Women in Classical Hindu Culture


Reading: Code of Manu
Part III: The Traditional World, 300 CE to 1100 CE


Chapter 7: Encounters with the "Other": Nomads and Sedentary Folk



Describing the Other

Reading: Han Shu: Han Chinese Descriptions of the Xiongnu


A Roman View of the Huns

Reading: Ammianus Marcellinus, Res Gestae


Byzantium and Barbarians

Reading: Constantine Porphyrogenitus, De Administrando Imperio


Islam and the Mongol Scourge

Reading: Ibn al-Athir, Description of Mongol Conquests


A Venetian Visits the Mongols

Reading: Marco Polo, Travels


Chapter 8: Encountering Transcendent Reality: The Rise of the Salvation Religions



Mahayana Buddhism


Reading: The Lotus Sutra

Devotional Hinduism


Reading: The Vishnu Purana

Christianity


Reading: The New Testament

Islam


Reading: Qu’ran


Chapter 9: Conversion Experiences: the Spread of Salvation Religions



The Spread of Buddhism

Buddhism in China


Reading: Mou Tzu, the Disposition of Error

Reading: the Platform of Scripture of the Sixth Patriarch

Buddhism in Japan


Reading: Nihongi, Book XXV

The Spread of Christianity

The Latin Church in Western Europe


Reading: Gregory Bishop of Tours, History of the Franks

The Greek Church in Eastern Europe

Reading: Povest'vremennykh let: The Russian Primary Chronicle

The Spread of Islam

Conquest and Conversion in the Early Caliphate


Reading: The Pact of Umar

Travel, Trade and Conversion in the Islamic World



Reading: Ibn Battuta, A Donation to Those Intersted in Curiosities

Chapter 10: The Artist Encounters Life: Literature and Social Values


Elite Values in Heian Japan


Reading: Murasaki Shikibu, The Tale of Genji, "The Picture Competition"

The Arabian Nights and Islamic Culture


Reading: The Story of Ali Cogia, a Merchant of Bagdad

Feudal Values in Medieval Western Europe: The Song of Roland


Reading: The Song of Roland

Elite Values in Geoffrey Chaucer’s Canterbury Tales


Reading: Geoffrey Chaucer, "The Wife of Bath's Tale" from The Canterbury Tales
Part IV: Toward a Global World, 1100 CE to 1500 CE


Chapter 11: The Encounter Between War and Religion



Christianity and War


Reading: Thomas Aquinas, Summa Theologiae


Christian Accounts of the First Crusade

Reading: Pope Urban Preaches the First Crusade, 1095


Reading: The Finding of the Holy Lance at Antioch, 1098


Reading: Battle with Kerbogha Outside Antioch, 1098


Reading: The Siege and Capture of Jerusalem, 1099


Islam and War


Reading: The Qu’ran


Muslim Accounts of the First Crusade

Reading: Ibn al-Athir, The Complete History


Buddhism and Warfare

Reading: The Tale of Heike

Chapter 12: Land, Law, and Lordship



Byzantium

Regulating New Settlements

Reading: Farmer’s Law


Song China

Proposals for Land Reform

Reading: Su Hsün, The Land System—A Dissenting View


Reading:Wang An-shih, Memorial on the Crop Loans Measure


Kamakura Japan

A Fourteenth-Century Law Primer


Sata Mirensho

Western Europe

Labor Law, Taxes, and the English Peasants' Revolt of 1381

Reading: The Ordinance of Laborers, 1349


Reading: The Peasant’s Revolt of 1381



Chapter 13: Intellectual Traditions



Song China

Chu Hsi and the Neo-Confucian Synthesis

Reading: Chu Hsi, Further Reflection on Things at Hand


Medieval Western Europe

Thomas Aquinas and the Scholastic Synthesis


Reading: Thomas Aquinas, Summa Theologiae

Islamic North Africa

Ibn Khaldun and Muslim Rationalism



Reading: Ibn Khaldun, The Muqaddimah

Chapter 14: Illness and Therapy in the Plague Years



The Plague in Medieval Europe


A Medical Explanation


Reading: The Report of the Paris Medical Faculty

A Religious Explanation


Reading: William Edendon, Vox in Rama

Reactions to the Plague


Reading: Giovanni Boccaccio, The Decameron

Reading: Jean de Venette, Chronicle of Jean de Venette

Art from the Plague Years


The Plague in the Arab-Islamic World


Medical Explanations


Reading: Ibn Khaldun, The Muqaddimah

Religious Explanations of the Plague


Reading: Sahih al-Bukhari

Reactions to the Plague


Reading: Ahmad al-Maqrizi, The Plague in Cairo

Reading: Ibn Battuta, Voyages

Chapter 15: Expanding Global Encounters in the 14th - 16th Centuries


Ibn Battuta’s Travels in the Islamic World


Reading: Ibn Battuta, My Travel

The Chinese Naval Expeditions of Zheng He


Reading: Zheng He, Inscription of World World Voyages

Vasco da Gama’s Voyage to Africa and India


Reading: A Journal of the First Voyage of Vasco da Gama

Columbus’ First Voyage to the “New World”


Reading: Christopher Columbus, Prologue to the Logbook of the First Voyage

Reading: Christopher Columbus, Letter Describing His First Voyage.
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