The Encyclopedia of African American Military History

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Overview

Although African American soldiers and sailors have fought in every U.S. war from the War of Independence to the War on Terrorism, their contributions are rarely and, at best, erratically recorded in encyclopedias of American military history. Most Americans would be hard-pressed to name even a few of the many heroic black servicemen, who have distinguished themselves in the annals of military history. While a public figure like Colin Powell is well known, and many people are now aware of the black regiment depicted in the movie Glory, few have heard of David Lamson. When he was close to sixty years old, this African American captain of a small local militia successfully routed British reinforcements near Concord at the beginning of the Revolutionary War. Even fewer know about the "buffalo soldiers" (as African American cavalry units were once called) who rescued Teddy Roosevelt and his Rough Riders in the famous battle of San Juan Hill during the Spanish American War. This book is teeming with essential information that has been overlooked in other references.
William Weir’s Encyclopedia of African American Military History is designed to provide long overdue recognition to the outstanding accomplishments of hundreds of African American servicemen. More than three hundred entries will not only delineate the achievements of individuals and military units, but will also highlight important, often forgotten battles, wars, legislation and policy, organizations and movements, and historical incidents.
Thoroughly researched and historically accurate, with numerous illustrations, this comprehensive and substantive reference work is written to be accessible, engaging, and informative for all readers.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781591021698
  • Publisher: Prometheus Books
  • Publication date: 6/28/2004
  • Pages: 365
  • Product dimensions: 6.19 (w) x 9.27 (h) x 1.24 (d)

Meet the Author

William Weir (Guilford, CT), an army combat correspondent during the Korean War, is the author of Written with Lead: Legendary American Gunfights and Gunfighters and A Well Regulated Militia: The Battle over Gun Control, among other books.
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Table of Contents

Foreword 13
Preface 17
Aberdeen (dates uncertain) 25
Abolition movement 26
African American sailors 27
African Americans in the American revolution 30
Air corps segregation 33
Airmen of fortune 34
Almond, Edward M. "Ned" (1892-1979) 35
Anderson, Aaron (dates uncertain) 36
Anderson, Charles "Chief" (1906-1996) 37
Anderson, Joseph B., Jr. (1944-) 38
Antigua (dates uncertain) 39
Attucks, Crispus (1723-1775) 39
Baker, Edward L., Jr. (dates uncertain) 42
Baker, Vernon (1920-) 43
Barnes, William H. (dates uncertain) 44
Beaty, Powhatan (dates uncertain) 44
Beaver Creek, battle of 44
Bell, Dennis (dates uncertain) 47
Biggs, Bradley (1920-) 47
Billy the kid and the buffalo soldiers 51
Black confederates 55
Black union militia 57
Blake, Robert (dates uncertain) 59
Boyne, Thomas (dates uncertain) 59
Brice's crossroads, battle of 59
Bronson, James H. (dates uncertain) 60
Brooks family 61
Brown, Benjamin (dates uncertain) 62
Brown, John (1800-1859) 62
Brown, Willa (1906-1992) 66
Brown, William H. (1836-?) 67
Brown, Wilson (1841-?) 68
Brownsville, Texas, "riot" 68
Buffalo soldiers 72
Buffalo soldiers RIP 75
Bullard, Eugene Jacques (1884-1961) 80
Bullis and his bullies 81
Bunker hill, battle of 83
Cabin Creek, battle of 86
Cameron, Simon (1799-1889) 87
Carney, William H. (dates uncertain) 88
Carrying the colors 89
Carter, Edward, Jr. (1916-1963) 90
Chaffin's farm, fighting at 91
Chasseurs d'Afrique 93
Chesapeake affair 96
Christiana, "battle" of 97
Civil war statistics 98
Claiborne, William C. C. (1775-1817) 99
Coffey, Cornelius R. (1903-1994) 100
Coleman, Bessie (1892-1926) 101
Colonial wars 103
Contraband of war 104
Contraband sailors 106
Crater, battle of the 107
Davis, Benjamin O., Jr. (1921-2002) 109
Davis, Benjamin O., Sr. (1877-1970) 113
David, Ed (dates uncertain) 117
Deep bottom, battle of 119
Denny, John (dates uncertain) 119
Dorman, Isaiah (1821-1876) 119
Dorsey, Decatur (dates uncertain) 121
Douglass, Frederick (1818-1895) 121
Dunmore's Ethiopian regiment 124
Emancipation proclamation 126
Exodus to freedom 129
Factor, Pompey (1849-1928) 132
Fagen, David (dates uncertain) 133
Fifth platoons 134
Fifty-fourth Massachusetts infantry regiment 137
First Rhode Island regiment 139
Flipper, Henry O. (1856-1940) 140
Forrest, Nathan Bedford (1821-1877) 143
Forsythe, Albert Edward (1897-1986) 144
Fort Griswold massacre 146
Fort Pillow massacre 147
Fox, John R. (1918-1944) 148
Freeman field "mutiny" 149
Fremont's emancipation order 151
Frustrating Jeff Davis 152
Gardiner, James (dates uncertain) 154
Gibson, Truman K., Jr. (1912-) 154
Gillem committee 156
Golden thirteen 158
Gravely, Samuel L., Jr. (1922-) 161
Greaves, Clinton (1855-?) 163
Harris, James H. (dates uncertain) 165
Hastie, William (1904-1976) 165
Hawkins, Thomas R. (dates uncertain) 168
Hilton, Alfred B. (dates uncertain) 168
Holland, Milton M. (1844-?) 168
Honey Springs, battle of 168
Houston, Texas, riot 170
Hunter, David (1802-1866) 173
Island Mounds, battle of 174
James, Daniel "Chappie" (1920-1978) 175
James, Miles (dates uncertain) 178
James, Willy (?-1945) 178
Jeffrey, "Major" (dates uncertain) 179
Jim Crow in the military 181
Johnson, Henry (dates uncertain) 182
Jordan, George (dates uncertain) 183
Kansas and the black volunteers 184
Kelly, Alexander (dates uncertain) 187
Lafayette, James (?-1830) 187
Lamson, David (dates uncertain) 189
Lane, James H. (1814-1866) 190
Lawson, John (1837-?) 192
Lee, Fitz (1866-1899) 193
Lee, John C. (dates uncertain) 193
Lew, Barzillai (dates uncertain) 195
Lexington and Concord, battles of 196
Lyles, Lester L. (1947-) 197
Malveaux, Vincent (dates uncertain) 198
Mays, Isaiah (1858-?) 199
McBryar, William (1861-?) 199
Medal of honor 199
Mexican war 201
Mifflin, James (1839-?) 202
Military demographics 202
Militia Act of 1862 204
Miller, Dorie (1919-1943) 205
Milliken's Bend, battle of 206
Mobile Bay, battle of 208
Mysterious medals of honor 209
Nashville, battle of 210
National airmen's association of American (NAAA) 212
Navy bands 213
Negro Fort and the first Seminole war 214
New Orleans, battle of 217
Newton, Lloyd W. (1942-) 219
Ninety-ninth pursuit squadron 220
Ninety-second and ninety-third infantry divisions 221
Paine, Adam (dates uncertain) 225
Pay differential in the Civil War 225
Payne, Isaac (1854-1904) 227
Pease, Joachim (dates uncertain) 227
Penn, Robert (1872-?) 228
Pershing, John J. (1860-1948) 228
Pershing's secret memo 231
Petersburg, fighting at 232
Philippine war 234
Pinn, Robert A. (1843-?) 237
Port Chicago mutiny 237
Port Hudson, battle of 238
Powell, Colin L. (1937-) 240
Princeton, Arkansas, battle of 244
Pursuit of Pancho Villa 246
Randolph, Bernard P. (1933-) 247
Ratcliffe, Edward (dates uncertain) 248
Rebel reaction to black soldiers 249
Red Ball Express 251
Reenslavement of revolutionary soldiers 252
Response to Ft. Sumter, north 253
Response to Ft. Sumter, south 254
Rivers, Reuben (?-1944) 256
Robb, George S. (dates uncertain) 257
Robinson, Roscoe, Jr. (1928-1993) 257
Roosevelt, Eleanor (1884-1962) 259
Roosevelt, Theodore (1858-1919) 262
Salt war 264
San Juan Hill campaign 267
Saving General Carr 270
Second and third Seminole wars 272
Seminole Negro Indian scouts 275
Shaw, Thomas (dates uncertain) 279
Sisson, Jack (1743-1821) 279
Salves in the Civil War 280
Smalls, Robert (1839-1915) 282
Soldiers or laborers? 284
Spencer and White (dates uncertain) 285
Stance, Emanuel (dates uncertain) 287
Stowers, Freddie (1897-1918) 288
Thomas, Charles L. (1920-?) 288
Thompkins, William H. (1872-1916) 289
369th infantry regiment 289
332nd fighter group 291
Triple nickles 292
Troubles on the border 293
Tuskegee airmen 297
United States colored troops (USCT) 298
Veal, Charles (1832-?) 300
Victorio (1825-1880) 300
Vietnam shipboard troubles 305
Volunteer military 309
Volunteers 312
Wagner Battery, assault on 314
Waller, Calvin (1930-) 317
Walley, Augustus (dates uncertain) 319
Wanton, George H. (1868-1940) 319
Ward, John (1848-1911) 319
Watson, George (?-1943) 319
Williams, Cathay (1842-1924) 320
Williams, Moses (dates uncertain) 321
Wilson, William O. (dates uncertain) 321
Wood, Brent (dates uncertain) 321
World War II statistics 322
Yankee slave catchers 325
Young, Charles (1864-1922) 326
Zumwalt, Elmo (1920-2000) 330
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