Encyclopedia of Applied Ethics, Four-Volume Set


Applied ethics, a subdiscipline of philosophy, lends itself to an encyclopedia format because of the many industries and intellectual fields that it encompasses. The Encyclopedia of Applied Ethics is based on twelve major categories, such as Biomedical Ethics and Environmental Ethics. Religious traditions that embody normative beliefs, as well as classical theories of ethics, are explored in a non-judgmental manner. Each of the twelve categories is divided into discrete areas that are covered by 5,000-6,000 word ...

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Applied ethics, a subdiscipline of philosophy, lends itself to an encyclopedia format because of the many industries and intellectual fields that it encompasses. The Encyclopedia of Applied Ethics is based on twelve major categories, such as Biomedical Ethics and Environmental Ethics. Religious traditions that embody normative beliefs, as well as classical theories of ethics, are explored in a non-judgmental manner. Each of the twelve categories is divided into discrete areas that are covered by 5,000-6,000 word articles. Each of the 281 articles begins with a definition of the subject and includes a table of contents, glossary of key terms, and bibliography. Second- and third- level headings, boxes, sidebars, and the like emphasize the reference-oriented nature of the material. The four volumes are arranged in an A-Z format, with a complete subject index at the end of the last volume. Articles are written by international experts, arranged alphabetically by title, not by subject, and cross-referenced so the reader can locate relevant information in other articles.

• One of Library Journal's Best Reference Sources for 1997!
• One of the CHOICE Outstanding Academic Books for 1998!
• Cross-references appear in each article to refer readers to related information
• A glossary and bibliography in each article provide readers with tools for learning and creative thinking

Audience: Public, corporate, university and college libraries, libraries in two-year colleges, and some secondary schools. Students and faculty in philosophy and religion departments. Students of science, medicine, government, business,and law. Academic research centers and private research centers that specialize in the role of ethics in business, religion, communications, medicine, and law.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
"An outstanding addition to the ranks of specialized encyclopedias...this set should be purchased by all academic and many public libraries".

"...an invaluable aid for students and scholars for years to come".
—Dr Denis Dutton, University of Canterbury Christchurch, New Zealand

Bernice Bergup
...both of these landmark encyclopedias The Encyclopedia of Applied Ethics and the Encyclopedia of Bioethics, published by Macmillan Publishing Company, Inc. merit a place in academic and large public libraries serving an educated population.
American Reference Books Manual
Library Journal
This more than 3100-page encyclopedia includes 281 articles, nearly all on applied ethics, e.g., euthanasia, eugenics, sexual harassment, journalistic ethics, informed consent, and computer security, and a few on theoretical ethics, e.g., consequentialism and deontology. Each article begins with an outline of its topics, a glossary of especially important terms, and a first paragraph summarizing the content of the article. The great majority of the articles range from about 7500 to 11,000 words, although the shortest is about 3000 and the longest about 30,000 words. Helpful section headings are included, nearly all articles are cross-referenced, and each has a bibliography of about ten titles. On the whole, the articles are clearly organized, appropriately informative, well balanced, nontendentious, and decently written. Better editing, however, would have spared us having things like this: "Population aging, transformation in the health and life styles of older as well as younger people, increasing secularism now modified by a recrudescence of intolerant religious fundamentalism manifest on a worldwide scale, an accelerating rate of technological innovations, and reshaped relationships between social groups and among rich and poor countries have together affected and confused long-standing assumptions about the value of the aging process for individuals and of aged people as a section of society." There is some carelessness, e.g., one contributor tells us that "Global warming is now recognized [by whom?] to be caused by human activity," and some bibliographies have unfortunate omissions. Finally, the encyclopedia does not include any analysis of polygraph testing in law or business, of the idea of competency to stand trial, or of expert testimony in or out of the courtroom. But the foregoing and other defects must count as mere lapses in what is a truly excellent encyclopedia. It is wide-ranging and detailed enough to be useful to intelligent lay readers, scholars, and specialists. The articles on the status and treatment of ethnocultural minority groups, challenges to applied ethics, euthanasia, and some others are models of what an encyclopedia article should be. Highly recommended for all academic and other large libraries.Robert Hoffman, York Coll., CUNY
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780122270659
  • Publisher: Elsevier Science
  • Publication date: 10/1/1997
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 3101
  • Product dimensions: 9.57 (w) x 11.88 (h) x 7.57 (d)

Meet the Author

Ruth Chadwick is Distinguished Research Professor and Director of the ESRC (Economic and Social Sciences Research Council) Centre for Economic and Social Aspects of Genomics (Cesagen), at Cardiff University, UK and Link Chair between Cardiff Law School and the School of English, Communication and Philosophy (ENCAP). Professor Chadwick has coordinated a number of projects funded by the European Commission, including the EUROSCREEN projects and co-edits the journal Bioethics and the online journal Genomics, Society and Policy. She is Chair of the Human Genome Organisation Committee on Ethics, Law and Society, and has served as a member of several policy-making and advisory bodies, including the Panel of Eminent Ethical Experts of the Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations (FAO), and the UK Advisory Committee on Novel Foods and Processes (ACNFP). She was editor-in-chief of the first edition of the award winning Encyclopedia of Applied Ethics. She is an Academician of the Academy of Social Sciences and a Fellow of the Hastings Center, New York; of the Royal Society of Arts; and of the Royal Society of Medicine. In 2005 she was the winner of the World Technology Network Award for Ethics for her work on the relationship between scientific developments and ethical frameworks. She graduated with first class Honours Literae Humaniores (Philosophy and Greek and Latin Literature) from the University of Oxford, and then went on to take the B.Phil. in Philosophy. She was awarded her D.Phil. on The Ethics of Eugenics and Genetic Engineering, supervised by Jonathan Glover. She completed an LL.B. (externally) at the University of London. She held positions at the University of Liverpool, St. Martins College, Lancaster, and University of Wales, Cardiff, before taking up her post as Professor of Moral Philosophy at the University of Central Lancashire. In June 1995 she became Head of the Centre for Professional Ethics at the University, a position she still holds. She has coordinated a number of multinational and multidisciplinary research projects funded by the European Union: Ethical Implications of Human Genome Analysis for Clinical Practice in Medical Genetics, with Special Reference to Genetic Counselling (1992); EUROSCREEN: Genetic Screening—Ethical and Philosophical Perspectives (1994-1996); BIOCULT: Cultural and Social Objections to Biotechnology, with Special Reference to the View of Young People (1995); EUROSCREEN 2: Genetic Screening—Towards Community Policy on Insurance, Commercialisation and Public Awareness (1996-1999). Her publications include the four volume edited collection, Kant: Critical Assessments (1992); Ethics, Reproduction and Genetic Control (Revised Edition, 1992);and a large number of papers in learned journals. She is joint series editor of the Routledge series on Professional Ethics. Professor Chadwick is secretary of the International Association of Bioethics and a member of the HUGO Ethics committee, the National Committee for Philosophy and the British Medical Association Steering Group on Human Genetics.

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Table of Contents

ARTICLES FEATURED in the ENCYCLOPEDIA: Abortion. Accounting and Business Ethics. Acts and Omissions. Adoption. Advance Directives. Advertising. Affirmative Action. Aged Persons, Societal Attitudes Toward. Ageism. Agricultural Ethics. AIDS. AIDS in the Developing World. AIDS Treatment and Bioethics in South Africa. Alternative Medicine. Altruism and Economics. Animal Research. Animal Rights. Anthropocentrism. Applied Ethics, Challenges To. Applied Ethics, Overview. Archaeological Ethics. Aristotelian Ethics. Arts, The. Auditing Practices. Authority in Education. Autonomy. Biocentrism. Biodiversity. Bioethics, Overview. Biotechnology. Birth-Control Ethics. Birth-Control Technology. Brain Death. Broadcast Journalism. Buddhism. Business and Economic Ethics, Overview. Capital Punishment. Casuistry. Censorship. Child Abuse. Children's Rights. Christian Ethics, Protestant. Christian Ethics, Roman Catholic. Citizenship. Civil Disobedience. Civilian Populations in War, Targeting Of. Codes of Ethics. Coercive Treatment in Psychiatry. Collective Guilt. Communitarianism. Computer and Information Ethics. Computer Security. Confidentiality, General Issues Of. Confidentiality of Sources. Conflict of Interest. Confucianism. Consequentialism and Deontology. Conservation (Stewardship). Consumer Rights. Contractarian Ethics. Corporal Punishment. Corporate Responsibility. Corporations, Ethics In. Courtroom Proceedings, Reporting Of. Crime and Society. Custody of Children. Darwinism. Death, Definition Of. Death, Medical Aspects Of. Death, Societal Attitudes Toward. Deep Ecology. Development Ethics. Development Issues. Disability Rights. Discourse Ethics. Discrimination, Concept Of. Distributive Justice, Theories Of. Divorce. Do-Not-Resuscitate Decisions. Drugs: Moral and Legal Issues. Ecological Balance. Egoism and Altruism. Election Strategies. Electronic Surveillance. Embryology, Ethics Of. Environmental Compliance By Industry. Environmental Economics. Environmental Ethics, Overview. Environmental Impact Assessment. Environmental Justice. Epicurianism. Equality and Egalitarianism. Ethics and Social Services, Overview. Ethics Education in Schools. Ethnocultural Minority Groups, Status and Treatment Of. Eugenics. Euthanasia. Evolutionary Perspectives in Ethics. Executive Compensation. Existentialism. Exploitation. Family, The. Female Circumcision and Genital Mutilation. Feminist Ethics. Feminist Jurisprudence. Fetal Research. Fetus. Freedom of Speech. Freedom of the Press in the U.S. Freudianism. Friendship. Gaia Hypothesis. Gambling. Game Theory. Gender Roles. Gene Therapy. Genetic Counselling. Genetic Engineering. Genetic Research. Genetics and Behaviour. Genetic Screening. Genetic Technology, Legal Regulation Of. Genome Analysis. Government Funding of Research. Greek Ethics, Overview. Gun Control. Hazardous and Toxic Substances. Health and Disease, Concept Of. Health Care Financing. Hedonism. Higher Education, Ethics Of. Hinduism. Homelessness. Homicide, Criminal Vs. Justifiable. Homosexuality, Societal Attitudes Toward. Honor Codes. Human Nature, Views Of. Human Research Subjects, Selection Of. Humanism. Imperialism. Improper Payments and Gifts. Indigenous Rights. Infertility. Information Management. Informed Consent. Insanity, Legal Concept Of. Intelligence Testing. Internet Protocol. Investment, Ethics Of. Islam. Judaism. Jury Conduct. Juvenile Crime. Kantianism. Land-Use Issues. Leadership, Ethics Of. Legal Ethics, Overview. Liberalism. Life, Concept Of. Literature and Ethics. Machiavellianism. Marxism. Media Depiction of Ethnic Minorities. Media Ownership. Medical Codes and Oaths. Medical Ethics, History Of. Medical Ethics, Use of Historical Evidence In. Medical Futility. Mental Health. Mental Illness, Concept Of. Mercy and Forgiveness. Mergers and Acquisitions. Military Codes of Behaviour. Moral Development. Moral Relativism. National Security Issues. Native American Cultures. Nature Vs. Nurture. Nuclear Deterrence. Nuclear Power. Nuclear Testing. Nuclear Warfare. Nurses' Ethics. Objectivity in Reporting. Organ Transplants and Donors. Pacifism. Painism. Palliative Care. Patents. Paternalism. Patients' Rights. Perfectionism. Personal Relationships. Placebo Treatment. Plagiarism and Forgery. Platonism. Playing God. Pluralism in Education. Police Accountability. Police and Race Relations. Political Correctness. Political Ecology. Political Obligation. Population Ethics. Pornography. Poststructuralism. Poverty. Precautionary Principle. Preventive Medicine. Privacy. Privacy Vs. Public Right to Know. Professional Ethics. Property Rights. Prostitution. Psychiatric Ethics. Psychopharmacology and Drug Market. Psychosurgery and Physical Brain Manipulation. Public Defenders. Public Relations Industry. Publish-Or-Perish Syndrome. Quality of Life Indicators. Racism. Rape. Religion and Ethics. Religion in Schools. Reproductive Technologies. Research Ethics. Research Ethics Committees. Research Methods and Policies. Resource Allocation. Rights Theory. Safety Laws (Seat Belts, Public Smoking, Etc.). Science and Engineering Ethics, Overview. Scientific Publishing. Self-Deception. Sex Equality. Sexism. Sexual Content in Films and Television. Sexual Harassment. Sexual Orientation. Sikhism. Slavery. Slippery Slope Arguments. Social Ethics, Overview. Social Security. Social Welfare and Finance of Social Services. Social Work. Speciesism. Sports, Ethics Of. Stoicism. Strikes. Suggestion, Ethics Of. Suicide. Sustainability. Tabloid Journalism. Taoism. Terrorism. Theories of Ethics, Overview. Theories of Justice: Human Needs. Theories of Justice: Rawls. Thomism. Tourism. Trade Secrets and Proprietary Information. Transsexualism. Trust. Truth-Telling as Constitutive of Journalism. Undercover Investigations, Ethics Of. Utilitarianism. Vegetarianism. Veterinary Ethics. Victimless Crimes. Violence in Films and Television. Virtue Ethics. Warfare, Codes Of. Warfare, Tactics and Strategies. Welfare Policies. Whistle-Blowing. Wildlife Conservation. Women's Rights. Workplace Ethics. World Ethics. Zoos and Zoological Parks.

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