Encyclopedia of Body Adornment [NOOK Book]

Overview

All cultures everywhere have attempted to change their body in an attempt to meet their cultural standards of beauty, as well as their religious and or social obligations. In addition, people modify and adorn their bodies as part of the complex process of creating and re-creating their personal and social identities. Body painting has probably been practiced since the Paleolithic as archaeological evidence indicates, and the earliest human evidence of tattooing goes back to the Neolithic with mummies found in ...
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Encyclopedia of Body Adornment

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Overview

All cultures everywhere have attempted to change their body in an attempt to meet their cultural standards of beauty, as well as their religious and or social obligations. In addition, people modify and adorn their bodies as part of the complex process of creating and re-creating their personal and social identities. Body painting has probably been practiced since the Paleolithic as archaeological evidence indicates, and the earliest human evidence of tattooing goes back to the Neolithic with mummies found in Europe, Central Asia, the Andes and the Middle East. Adornments such as jewelry have been found in the earliest human graves and bodies unearthed from five thousand years ago show signs of intentional head shaping.

It is clear that adorning and modifying the body is a central human practice. Over 200 entries address the major adornments and modifications, their historical and cross-cultural locations, and the major cultural groups and places in which body modification has been central to social and cultural practices. This encyclopedia also includes background information on the some of the central figures involved in creating and popularizing tattooing, piercing, and other body modifications in the modern world. Finally, the book addresses some of the major theoretical issues surrounding the temporary and permanent modification of the body, the laws and customs regarding the marking of the body, and the social movements that have influenced or embraced body modification, and those which have been affected by it.

Entries include, acupuncture, amputation, Auschwitz, P.T. Barnum, the Bible, body dysmorphic disorder, body piercing, branding, breast augmentation and reduction, Betty Broadbent, castration, Christianity, cross dressers, Dances Sacred and Profane, Egypt, female genital mutilation, foot binding, freak shows, genetic engineering, The Great Omi, Greco-Roman world, henna, infibulation, legislation & regulation, lip plates, medical tattooing, Meso-America, military tattoos, National Tattoo Association, nose piercing, obesity, permanent makeup, primitivism, prison tattooing, punk, rites of passage, scalpelling, silicone injections, Stalking Cat, suspensions, tanning, tattoo reality shows, tattooing, Thailand, transgender, tribalism.
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Editorial Reviews

VOYA - Jessica Mize
Body modification is a hot topic with social scientists and mainstream culture. While there are numerous report-style resources and "celebrity" tattoo books, none till this reference have covered the breadth and scope of the field as only a true encyclopedia can. An alphabetical list of entries and a subject guide to related topics enhance accessibility, providing users with direction in how to select appropriate entries. The depth of topics covered will enthrall the casual reader and provide researchers with a tremendous amount of information. From the legislature and regulation of tattooing, to lip plates and ear stretching, every imaginable body enhancement is covered, crossing many cultures as well. Entries are concise, informative, entertaining, and completely accessible to teens and adults. Important words are presented in bold for quick reference and are well defined for the reader. As a reference work this book will find a secure home in the library reference deptartment, but it will also never stay on the shelf in a library with multiple copies. The scope alone makes it a potential entry on countless book lists. The only flaws noted are the design and lack of photographs and its shallow title. This book covers much more than body adornment, as it treats both the positive and negative aspects of body modification, as well as cultural and historical issues. Smatterings of illustrations complement entries, but there are only eight pages in color, all of which are images of tattoos. Readers will want to see more. Reviewer: Jessica Mize
From the Publisher

"While for many, body adornment and modification brings to mind the pierced and tattooed factions of contemporary youth, the 207 subjects in DeMello's (cultural anthropology, U. of California at Davis) alphabetically-arranged encyclopedia also include animal and human branding, sexual reassignment surgery, makeup, and P.T. Barnum. Additionally, the body adornment practices of major cultural and ethnic groups are discussed, as are individuals key to the popularization and understanding of body modification in the West among them Barnum, whose inked freaks brought tattooing to a wider audience. Entries are crossed referenced."

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Reference & Research Book News

"With over 200 entries, this encyclopedia provides a sophisticated and in-depth analysis of the phenomenon of piercing, painting, tattooing, and all manner of body modification. The author's anthropological approach appeals to both the casual reader and the serious researcher. The photo and illustration quality bring this visual topic to life."

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American Libraries

"Tattooing and piercing may be the first things that come to mind when one thinks of body adornment, but this encyclopedia has a much wider scope, covering all major body modifications and their place is society and culture."

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Booklist/Reference Books Bulletin

"Body modification is a hot topic with social scientists and mainstream culture. While there are numerous report-style resources and celebrity tattoo books, none till this reference have covered the breadth and scope of the field as only a true encyclopedia can….The depth of topics covered will enthrall the casual reader and provide researchers with a tremendous amount of information."

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VOYA

"In this guide, cultural anthropologist Margo DeMello explores the worlds of body adornment and modification. Her survey includes the ornamentation practices of dozens of historic, native and modern cultures, from ancient Greece, Rome and India to Russia, Sudan and new Guinea. Over forty types of body adornmdent and modification are described and explained. Coverage includes ear shaping, foot binding and scarification. Bodybuilding, fingernail treatments and tanning are presented as types of noninvasive adornment….Intended as an introduction for the general reader, this guide will serve both academic and public libraries."

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Lawrence Looks at Books

"[A]s an overview of a wide range of body modification practices throughout the world and time periods, this encyclopedia can be a quick starting point. Recommended for public libraries and undergraduate collections."

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College & Research Libraries

"Presented by the author as the first of its kind to take a comprehesive look at body modifications and body adornment around the world throughout history, this volume is indeed a well-researched, compact reference work, encompassing 207 informative entries, accompanied by 64 black-and-white and color illustrations, an extensive bibliography, a general index, plus resource organization, magazines, and web sites….Written by a well-known and prolific author specializing in cultural anthropology, this volume is recommended to reference collections at large for the benefit of laymen, students, teachers, and scholars alike."

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MultiCultural Review

"Cultural anthropologist Margo DeMello has written the Encyclopedia of Body Adornment to create a context for the many types of body modification and adornment found both in societies throughout history and in various subcultures in the modern world. She skillfully describes practices rooted in tradition as well as contemporary variations on ancient customs. . . . entries on both countries and societies of origin as well as innovators, popularizers, and contemporary groups do a good job of connecting old and new without overly privileging the new. A resource guide, thorough bibliography, and detailed index make the book a good research tool. There are a few tasteful black-and-white illustrations, plus a section of color plates. Each entry includes both specific references and cross-references to other entries. There was certainly potential to make this volume exploitative and provocative, but a professional, matter-of-fact tone makes it a good guide to both social and cultural research into the impulse behind some of today's radical makeover reality shows and fascination with extremes of behavior and body."

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ARBA

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780313064050
  • Publisher: ABC-CLIO, Incorporated
  • Publication date: 8/30/2007
  • Sold by: Barnes & Noble
  • Format: eBook
  • Sales rank: 1,275,410
  • File size: 3 MB

Meet the Author

MARGO DeMELLO lectures at Central New Mexico Community College, teaching sociology, cultural studies, and anthropology. Her books include Bodies of Inscription: A Cultural History of the Modern Tattoo Community (2000) and she has contributed essays to the Encyclopedia of Human-Animal Relationships (Greenwood, 2007) and Cultural Anthropology: The Human Challenge (2004).

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Table of Contents

Preface

Introduction

Alphabetical List of Entries

1. Acupuncture

2. Alliance of Professional Tattooists

3. American Tattooing

4. Amputation

5. Animal Branding

6. Animal Surgical Procedures

7. Animal Tattooing

8. Animality

9. Anorexia and Bulimia

10. Apotemnophilia

11. Asceticism

12. Association of Professional Piercers

13. Auschwitz

14. Australia

15. Bakhtin, Mikhail

16. Bariatric Surgery

17. Barnum, P.T.

18. BDSM

19. Beauty

20. Bible

21. Biker Tattooing

22. Bio-Power

23. BMEZine.com

24. Body Building

25. Body Dysmorphic Disorder

26. Body Hair

27. Body Painting

28. Body Piercing

29. Body Play

30. Bondage

31. Borneo

32. Bourdieu, Pierre

33. Branding

34. Brazil

35. Breast Augmentation and Reduction

36. Breast Ironing

37. Breast Reconstruction

38. Broadbent, Betty

39. Castration

40. Celts

41. Chicanos

42. China

43. Christianity

44. Circumcision

45. Class and Status

46. Clitoral Piercing

47. Clitoridectomy

48. Collins, Sailor Jerry

49. Contemporary Tattooing

50. Cook, Captain James

51. Corsets

52. Cosmetic Dentistry

53. Cosmetic Surgery

54. Cosmetic Tattooing

55. Cosmetics

56. Criminality

57. Cross Dressers

58. Cutting

59. Dances Sacred and Profane

60. Dermal Anchoring

61. Ear Piercing

62. Ear Shaping

63. Ear Spools and Ear Plugs

64. Ear Stretching

65. Easter Island

66. Egypt

67. Encumberments

68. England

69. Enigma, The

70. Ethiopia

71. Facial Hair

72. Facial Piercing

73. Facial Tattoos

74. Female Genital Mutilation

75. Finger Nails

76. Flash

77. Flesh Coils

78. Flesh Tunnels

79. Foot Binding

80. Foucault, Michel

81.Fraternities

82. Freak Shows

83. Freaks

84. Gang members

85. Gauntlet

86. Genetic Engineering

87. Genital Mutilation

88. Genital Piercing

89. Genital Tattooing

90. Gender

91. Great Omi, The

92. Greco-Roman World

93. Hair Cutting and Head Shaving

94. Hair Styles

95. Hair Treatments

96. Hand Piercing

97. Hardy, Don Ed

98. Hawaii

99. Haworth, Steve

100. Head Binding

101. Health Issues

102. Henna

103. Hijras

104. Implants

105. India

106. Infibulation

107. Intersexuality

108. Inuit

109. Islam

110. Ivory Coast

111. Japan

112. Jewelry

113. Judaism

114. Labrets

115. Lazonga, Vyvyn

116. Legislation & Regulation

117. Lip Plates

118. Magic

119. Makeup

120. Maori

121. Marquesas

122. Marshall Islands

123. Medical Tattooing

124. Meso-America

125. Military Tattoos

126. Modern Primitives

127. Modern Primitives

128. Moko

129. Musfar, Fakir

130. National Tattoo Association

131. Native Americans

132. Navel Piercing

133. Neo-Paganism

134. New Guinea

135. New Zealand

136. Nigeria

137. Nipple Piercing

138. Nose Piercing

139. Obesity

140. Oral Piercing

141. Orchiectomy

142. Pacific Northwest Indians

143. Pain

144. Papua New Guinea

145. Pea

146. Penis Piercing

147. Permanent Makeup

148. PFIQ

149. Philippines

150. Piercing

151. Plastic Surgery

152. Pocketing & Stapling

153. Primitivism

154. Prison Tattooing

155. Punk

156. Rites of Passage

157. Roman

158. Russia

159. Samoa

160. Scalpelling

161. Scarification

162. Self-Mortification

163. Self-Mutilation

164. Sex Reassignment Surgery

165. Sideshow

166. Silicone Injections

167. Skin Whitening

168. Slavery

169. Spanner Case

170. Sprague, Eric

171. Stalking Cat

172. Stigmata

173. Stretching

174. Sudan

175. Super/Sub-incision

176. Surface Piercing

177. Suspensions

178. Tahiti

179. Tanning

180. Tattoo Community

181. Tattoo Magazines

182. Tattoo Reality Shows

183. Tattoo Removal

184. Tattoo Shows

185. Tattoo Technology

186. Tattooed Attractions

187. Tattooed Natives

188. Tattooing

189. Tattootime

190. Thailand

191. Tightlacing

192. Tonga

193. Tongue Splitting

194. Torture

195. Transgender

196. Transsexuals

197. Transvestites

198. Trepanation

199. Tribalism

200. Tuttle, Lyle

201. Wagner, Charlie

202. Ward, Jim

203. Wildenstein, Jocelyn

204. Yakuza

205. Zaire

206. Zeis, Milton

207. Zulueta, Leo

Topical List of Entries

The Encyclopedia

Resource Guide

Bibliography

About the Author

Index

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