Encyclopedia of PVC, Vol. 4: Conversion and Fabrication Processes

Overview

An expansion and continuation of the first edition, Volume 4 extends the discussion of basic theory and applications featured in Volumes 1-3 of the encyclopedia. The Encyclopedia of PVC, Second Edition covers significant changes and developments in PVC science and technology -- furnishing a complete resource for each stage in the creation of new PVC products from the production of vinyl chloride monomer to PVC material recycling. Volume 4: Conversion and Fabrication Processes concentrates on final processing and ...
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Overview

An expansion and continuation of the first edition, Volume 4 extends the discussion of basic theory and applications featured in Volumes 1-3 of the encyclopedia. The Encyclopedia of PVC, Second Edition covers significant changes and developments in PVC science and technology -- furnishing a complete resource for each stage in the creation of new PVC products from the production of vinyl chloride monomer to PVC material recycling. Volume 4: Conversion and Fabrication Processes concentrates on final processing and product manufacture ... addresses all of the major production methods in detail ... introduces the basic principles of plant operation ... shows how to run a plant for maximum profitability ... explains PVC waste reclamation ... and more. Generously illustrated with over 100 drawings, photographs, and tables, Volume 4 of the Encyclopedia of PVC, Second Edition is a practical reference for polymer, plastics, physical, organic, surface, and colloid chemists; plastics, chemical, materials, mechanical, and manufacturing engineers and technical personnel; and graduate students in these disciplines.
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Editorial Reviews

Elastomerics
The encyclopedia's usefulness extend[s] from the lab bench to the shop floor, and across many fields of industry, from construction to transportation.
Electrochemical Progress
...an essential reference and an indispensable tool for specialists and anyone interested in securing information on the product, its manufacturing and technology.
Flash Technique
...deals with the complete sequence of PVC operations in a practical and insightful manner.
Plastics Industry News
Praise for previous volumes of the Encyclopedia... A special effort has been made to have a strong international representation not only in the selection of individual contributors, but also in consideration and coverage of significant foreign technology and methodology by all authors.
Polymer
...presented at a high scientific level and it is very useful for researchers, engineers and technologists of the field of synthesis and processing of PVC.
Booknews
The final volume of the comprehensive reference on the science and technology of polyvinyl chloride at all stages in creating new products. Concentrates on the final processing and product manufacture, detailing all the major production methods, introducing the basic principles of plant operation, demonstrating how to run a plant for maximum profit, and explaining waste reclamation. Among the topics are extrusion, molding, calendaring and calendar laminating, foam processes, spread coating, powder molding and coating, plastisol molding, post-fabrication processes, compounding and processing, and reclaiming materials and products. No date is noted for the first edition; the second incorporates developments in the field. Of interest to scientists and engineers involved with production or processing. Annotation c. by Book News, Inc., Portland, Or.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780824778231
  • Publisher: CRC Press
  • Publication date: 10/31/1997
  • Edition description: revised and expanded
  • Edition number: 2
  • Pages: 320
  • Product dimensions: 7.00 (w) x 10.00 (h) x 1.25 (d)

Table of Contents

Foreword i
Preface iii
Contributors to Volume 4 ix
Contents of Other Volumes xi
1. Polyvinyl Chloride Extrusion 1
I. Historical Background 2
II. Flow Behavior of PVC Resin and Compounds 4
III. Single-Screw Extrusion 7
IV. Twin-Screw Extrusion 19
V. Extruder Motors and Drives 33
VI. Gear Pumps 34
VII. Degassing of Extruder Feed Stock 35
VIII. Extrusion Market 35
IX. Unplasticized (Rigid) PVC Applications 36
X. Plasticized PVC Applications 52
XI. Miscellaneous Extrusion Items 59
References 62
2. Molding of Polyvinyl Chloride 63
I. General Processing Considerations 64
II. Injection Molding Machine 69
III. Injection Blow Molding Machines and Processes 75
IV. Compression Molding 76
V. Processing Technology 76
VI. Economics of PVC Production 97
VII. Applications for Molded PVC 100
References 101
3. Calendering and Calender Laminating 103
I. The Evolution of Calendering 105
II. Planning a Calender Operation 115
III. Raw Material Selection for Calendering 116
IV. Preparing Stock for Calendering 125
V. Design Features of Modern Calenders 132
VI. Making Specific Products 134
VII. Auxiliary Operations 138
VIII. The State of Calendering Theory 143
IX. Calender and Postcalender Lamination 144
X. Postcalendering Problems from Film Defects 145
XI. Comparison with Competitive Processes 146
References 147
4. PVC Foam Processes 149
I. Historical Background 150
II. Structure, Properties, and Applications 151
III. Basic Methods of PVC Foam Formation 159
IV. High-Pressure Molding Process 161
V. Low-Pressure Process 162
VI. Free-Blown Processes 164
VII. Extrusion 173
VIII. Injection Molding 176
IX. Modified PVC Foams 177
References 179
5. Spread Coating 185
I. Coating Methods 186
II. Plastisol Formulation 196
III. Organosols 198
IV. Rheological Properties 199
V. Environmental Concerns 200
VI. Economic Considerations and Calculations 205
VII. Sheet Vinyl Floor Covering: A Case Study 206
References 207
6. Miscellaneous Molding Operations: Powder Molding and Coating, and Plastisol Molding 209
I. PVC Powder Molding and Coating 209
II. Plastisol Molding 217
References 220
7. Postfabrication Processes 221
I. Introduction 222
II. Thermoforming 222
III. Joining and Sealing Parts 236
IV. Decoration 243
References 250
8. Compounding and Processing PVC: General Principles of Plant Operation for Optimum Profitability 251
I. Introduction 252
II. Historic Perspective 252
III. PVC Processing Options 254
IV. Rigid PVC Extrusion Selection 254
V. Site Selection--General Principles 255
VI. Plant Layout--General Principles 258
VII. General Plant Operations 259
VIII. Specifics of a PVC Extrusion Plant 261
IX. Essential Factors for Quality and Profitable PVC Extrusion 267
X. Regulatory or Code Agencies 272
XI. Plant Operation--Economics and Profitability 272
XII. Conclusion: Management's Role 277
References 277
9. Waste Reclamation of PVC Materials and Products 279
I. Introduction 279
II. Recovery and Recycling of PVC Products 281
III. Feedstock Recycling 291
IV. Incineration with Resource Recovery 292
V. Landfilling 294
VI. Second-Generation Products from Recovered PVC 295
VII. Future Outlook 296
References 296
Index 299
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