Encyclopedia of the Age of Political Revolutions and New Ideologies, 1760-1815 [Two Volumes] [2 volumes]

Overview

By giving rise to new ideologies that in time transformed the political structure of much of the world, the American and French Revolutions stand as two of the most important political events in global history. The American establishment of a Republican government, and the gradual expansion of democracy that ensued, altered traditional political and social thought, thus shaping the later French Revolution and creating the core ethic of later American political values. The Enlightenment ideals of the French ...

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Overview

By giving rise to new ideologies that in time transformed the political structure of much of the world, the American and French Revolutions stand as two of the most important political events in global history. The American establishment of a Republican government, and the gradual expansion of democracy that ensued, altered traditional political and social thought, thus shaping the later French Revolution and creating the core ethic of later American political values. The Enlightenment ideals of the French Revolution, as later spread by the armies of Napoleon, dissolved most traditional European notions of political authority. This encyclopedia offers current, detailed information on the people, events, movements, and ideas that defined the revolutions in France and America, as well as in other parts of the world during the late eighteenth-century Age of Revolutions.

Besides numerous entries on various countries of Europe whose histories were affected by the French Revolution, such as Austria, Belgium, Germany, Poland, and Russia, the many entries covering the people, events, groups, and ideologies of Revolutionary and Napoleonic France include the following: Civil Constitution of the Clergy, Georges Jacques Danton, The Directory, Guillotine, Josephine, Empress of France, Law of Suspects, The Mountain, Prairial Insurrection, Tennis Court Oath, White Terror. Besides various entries covering American colonies/states, such as Maryland, New Jersey, North Carolina, and Virginia, the numerous entries covering the figures, events, and ideologies of the American Revolution and Early Federal Period of the United States include the following: Abigail Adams, Boston Massacre, Constitutional Convention, William Franklin, Lexington and Concord, Actions at Loyalists, Massachusetts Government Act, Edmund Randolph, Signers of the Declaration of Independence. Finally, the encyclopedia offers various entries covering important revolutionary figures and movements that were active in other parts of the world during the period 1760-1815, including the following: Simon Bolivar, Dutch Revolutions, Haitian Revolution, Hispaniola, Latin American Revolutions, Mexican Revolution, Pugachev Rebellion, Toussaint l'Ouverture. Besides over 450 clearly written and highly informative entries, the encyclopedia also includes primary documents, a chronology, an extensive introductory essay, a bibliography, a guide to related topics, and a series of useful maps.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
"In a broad sense, the age of revolutions began with the early tensions between America and Britain in the 1760s, and concluded with the conservative reactions to the revolutions of 1848. Revolutionaries, influenced by Enlightenment philosophies, attempted to overthrow or reform monarchies in favor of more liberal regimes and greater freedom, equality, and democracy. This work is a basic guide that emphasizes the revolutionary periods in America and France, the locations of the two most important and influential revolutions of the period. Essays focus on people, events, institutions, and ideas from the early years of George III through the end of the Napoleonic Wars in 1815. Additional contributions cover the influence of these revolutions and wars in Europe and Latin America and address unrest in Poland, Russia, and the Ottoman Empire. The essays, written by international contributors, range from two paragraphs to 10 pages. They are arranged alphabetically and provide clear description and analysis. Reading lists follow most entries, and a bibliography appears at the end of volume 2. The work includes a topical guide to the essays, chronology, subject index, maps, and primary documents related to France and America. Recommended. Lower-level undergraduates through faculty/researchers; general readers."

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Choice

"[S]uitable for serious students of the era, who will find it to be an excellent source for understanding the period and its extensive consequences."

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Booklist

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780313334450
  • Publisher: ABC-CLIO, Incorporated
  • Publication date: 9/30/2007
  • Edition description: Two Volume Set
  • Pages: 952
  • Product dimensions: 7.30 (w) x 10.30 (h) x 2.60 (d)

Meet the Author

GREGORY FREMONT-BARNES holds a doctorate in Modern History from the University of Oxford, where he studied under the distinguished military historians Sir Michael Howard, Regius Professor of Modern History, and Robert O'Neill, Chichele Professor of the History of War. After leaving Oxford, he moved to Japan, where he spent eight years as a university lecturer in European and American history. He is the author of numerous books, including The French Revolutionary Wars; The Peninsular War, 1807-1814; The Fall of the French Empire, 1813-1815; The Boer War, 1899-1902; Trafalgar 1805: Nelson's Crowning Victory; Nelson's Sailors; and The Wars of the Barbary Pirates: To the Shores of Tripoli, the Rise of the U.S. Navy and Marines. He is also editor of the three-volume Encyclopedia of the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars, as well as co-editor of the five-volume Encyclopedia of the American Revolutionary War.

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