Encyclopedia of the Age of the Industrial Revolution, 1700-1920 [Two Volumes] [2 volumes]


Although the temptation is to focus on technological changes and their application to industry, the Industrial Revolution of the eighteenth century also influenced social life, political and economic institutions, and the physical landscape. The discoveries and changes of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries might seem minor when compared to the technological advances of recent decades, but those advances would not have been possible without the people and developments of the Industrial Revolution. In over 150...

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Although the temptation is to focus on technological changes and their application to industry, the Industrial Revolution of the eighteenth century also influenced social life, political and economic institutions, and the physical landscape. The discoveries and changes of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries might seem minor when compared to the technological advances of recent decades, but those advances would not have been possible without the people and developments of the Industrial Revolution. In over 150 entries that cover all aspects of this historical transformation of industry and society, this encyclopedia describes the major people, events, and inventions that defined the Industrial Revolution in Britain, the United States, and elsewhere.

Besides entries that describe the specific course of the Industrial Revolution in such places as Asia, Britain, Canada, France, Japan, Russia, Spain, and the U.S.,the encyclopedia offers entries on such important people as: Alexander Graham Bell, Matthew Bouldton, Thomas Malthus, Adam Smith, Flora Tristan, James Watt. Other entries cover such important inventions as: Electric Dynamo, Repeating Rifles, Sewing Machines, Steam Turbine, Submarines, Typewriters. And still other entries cover such vital social issues as: Child Labor and Child Labor Laws, Ecological Impact of the Industrial Revolution, Slavery, Temperance Movement, Urbanization, Wealth and Poverty in the Industrial Revolution.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher

". . .a great deal of factual information remains, much of which resides in these two volumes, and they will serve as useful, generally reliable reference for students, teachers, and researchers."


Technology and Culture

School Library Journal

Gr 9 Up -The 150 signed essays in this set cover people, events, and inventions of the Industrial Revolution, and discuss how the movement affected not only business and trade, but also society, politics, and even ecology in many countries. The entries provide important facts, yet are often thoughtful and philosophical. For example, "Architecture" describes how materials and engineering developments influenced building environmental systems and created a new aesthetic. An article on the typewriter describes the development of electronic shorthand reminiscent of today's instant messaging. Entries on major figures, such as Thomas Edison, Michael Faraday, and Henry Ford, highlight major accomplishments. More information, however, is available through the cross-references. Some minor individuals, such as Joseph Fourier, who developed the first greenhouse-effect theory, can only be found through the index. Appended are excerpts from primary sources (listed in the front of the volume, but not found in the comprehensive index), including George Bernard Shaw's report on the Fabians, the Embargo Act, and the Monroe Doctrine. Two fascinating excerpts describing the life of a London vagrant and an interview with a child factory worker are gems. The black-and-white illustrations and photos are sparse but informative. Many other volumes expound on inventions and inventors, but this one stands out for its treatment of Japan, Russia, and other countries, as well as its coverage of the sociological, ecological, and aesthetic implications of this period.-Vicki Reutter, Cazenovia High School, NY

Copyright 2006 Reed Business Information.
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780313335013
  • Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group, Incorporated
  • Publication date: 6/28/2007
  • Edition description: Two Volume Set
  • Pages: 664
  • Product dimensions: 6.90 (w) x 10.30 (h) x 1.80 (d)

Meet the Author

CHRISTINE RIDER is Professor Emerita at St. John's University in New York. She is the author of An Introduction to Economic History (1995) and co-editor of Socialist Economies in Transition: Appraislas of the Market Mechanism (1992) and of The Industrial Revolution in Comparative Perspective (1997). Her research interests include various aspects of international economic development and social economies, and she has published in these areas. She was President of the Association for Social Economics in 1998-99.

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Table of Contents




List of Entries

List of Primary Documents

Guide to Related Topics

Chronology for the Industrial Revolution

The Encyclopedia

Primary Documents

Annotated Bibliography


About the Editor and Contributors

Entry Listing

American Federation of Labor (AF of L)

Antitrust Policy in the United States



Asia, Industrial Revolution in

Austria-Hungary (c. 1800-1914), Industrial Revolution in



Bakewell, Robert (1725-1795)


Bell, Alexander Graham (1847-1922)

Bellamy, Edward (1850-1898)

Bessemer Process


Boulton, Matthew (1728-1809)


Britain, Industrial Revolution in

British Labour Party

Brunel, Isambard Kingdom (1806-1859)

Canada, Industrial Revolution in

Carnegie, Andrew (1835-1919)

Carnegie Steel Corporation (1892-1901)

Central and Eastern Europe, Industrial Revolution in


Child Labor and Child Labor Laws

Cigar Makers International Union of America (CMIU)

Civil War (United States), 1861-1865

Coal Mining

Cobden-Chevalier Treaty (1860)

Combination Acts (1799, 1800)



Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO)

Continental System (1806-1813)

Corn Laws



Crystal Palace

Darby, Abraham (1678-1717)


Dickens, Charles (1812-1870)

Ecological Impact of the Industrial Revolution

Economies of Scale

Edison, Thomas Alva (1847-1931)

Electrical Industry

Electric Dynamo

Erie Canal

Fabian Society

Factory Acts

Faraday, Michael (1791-1867)

Flour Milling


Ford, Henry (1863-1947)

Fourier, Charles (1772-1837)

France, IndustrialRevolution in

Friendly Societies

Feudalism, Crisis of

George, Henry (1839-1897)

Germany, Industrial Revolution in

Gilbreth, Frank (1868-1924)

Gin Palaces

Gold Standard

Gompers, Samuel (1850-1924)

Grand National Consolidated Trade Unions (GNCTU)

The Great Depression (1929-1939)

Great Railroad Strike (1877)

Guilds, Decline of

Hertz, Heinrich Rudolf (1847-1894)

Homestead Strike (1892)

Immigration and Emigration Patterns During the Industrial Revolution

Industrial Revolution, Timing of

Industrial Workers of the World (IWW)

International Trade


Iron Industry

Iron Production in Merthyr Tydfil (Wales)

Japan, Industrial Revolution in

Japan, Industrial Revolution in: The Political Aspect

Krupp Iron Works

Labor and the Industrial Revolution

Landed Gentry

List, Friedrich (1789-1846)

London Working Mens Association (LWMA)


Lunar Society

Malthus, Thomas Robert (1766-1834)

Marx, Karl (Heinrich) (1818-1883)

Meiji Restoration (1867)



Morgan, John Pierpont (J.P.) (1837-1913)

Muckraking Journalism

Mullaney, Kate (1845-1906)


New Model Unions


Ocean Transportation

Owen, Robert (1771-1858)

Paris Commune (1871)

Pauper Children

Peel, Robert (1788-1850)

Penny Dreadfuls

Petroleum Industry

Polish Lands, Industrial Revolution in

Port of New York

Progressive Era

Protestant Ethic and the Industrial Revolution


Public Health



Repeating Rifles

Revolution of 1848

Ricardo, David (1772-1823)

Rochdale Pioneers

Rockefeller, John D. (18391937)

Russia, Industrial Revolution in


Sewing Machine


Siemens, Ernst Werner von (1816-1892)



Smith, Adam (1723-1790)

Smoot-Hawley Tariff (1930)


Spain, Industrial Revolution in

Standard of Living and the Industrial Revolution

Steam Engine


Steam Turbine

Stephenson, George (1781-1848)


Sweated Labor and Sweatshops


Tariff Policy

Taylor, Frederick (1856-1915)

Technical Advances



Temperance Movement

Terminology and Language

Terms of Trade

Tesla, Nikola (1856-1943)

Tristan, Flora (1803-1844)

Trust Busting

Tull, Jethro (1674-1741)


United States, Industrial Revolution in


Urban Transportation

Waltham-Lowell System

Watt, James (1736-1819)

Wealth and Poverty in the Industrial Revolution

Wedgwood, Josiah (1730-1795)

Working Class Protest Movements

World War I (1914-1918)


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