Encyclopedia of the Human Brain


In the past decade, enormous strides have been made in understanding the human brain. The advent of sophisticated new imaging techniques (e.g. PET, MRI, MEG, etc.) and new behavioral testing procedures have revolutionized our understanding of the brain, and we now know more about the anatomy, functions, and development of this organ than ever before. However, much of this knowledge is scattered across scientific journals and books in a diverse group of specialties: psychology, neuroscience, medicine, etc. The ...

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In the past decade, enormous strides have been made in understanding the human brain. The advent of sophisticated new imaging techniques (e.g. PET, MRI, MEG, etc.) and new behavioral testing procedures have revolutionized our understanding of the brain, and we now know more about the anatomy, functions, and development of this organ than ever before. However, much of this knowledge is scattered across scientific journals and books in a diverse group of specialties: psychology, neuroscience, medicine, etc. The Encyclopedia of the Human Brain places all information in a single source and contains clearly written summaries on what is known of the human brain.

Covering anatomy, physiology, neuropsychology, clinical neurology, neuropharmacology, evolutionary biology, genetics, and behavioral science, this four-volume encyclopedia contains over 200 peer reviewed signed articles from experts around the world. The Encyclopedia articles range in size from 5-30 printed pages each, and contain a definition paragraph, glossary, outline, and suggested readings, in addition to the body of the article. Lavishly illustrated, the Encyclopedia includes over 1000 figures, many in full color. Managing both breadth and depth, the Encyclopedia is a must-have reference work for life science libraries and researchers investigating the human brain.

Audience: Major college and university library systems of the world; individuals, corporations, laboratories, and groups interested in the human brain.

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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780122272110
  • Publisher: Elsevier Science & Technology Books
  • Publication date: 1/1/2002
  • Pages: 903

Meet the Author

V.S. Ramachandran is Director of the Center for Brain and Cognition and professor of neuroscience and psychology at the University of California, San Diego. He is additionally an adjunct professor of biology at the Salk Institute. Dr. Ramachandran obtained an MD from Stanley Medical College and PhD from Trinity College at the University of Cambridge, where he was elected a senior Rouse Ball Scholar. He has received many honors and awards including a fellowship from All Souls College, Oxford, an honorary doctorate from Connecticut College, a Gold Medal from the Australian National University, and the Ariens Kappers Medal from the Royal Nederlands Academy of Sciences for landmark contributions in neuroscience. Ramachandran's early research was on visual perception but he is best known for his work in Neurology. In 1995 he gave the Decade of the Brain Lecture at the 25th annual (Silver Jubilee) meeting of the Society for Neuroscience. More recently he gave the inaugural keynote lecture at the Decade of the Brain Conference held by NIMH at the Library of Congress. He also gave the first Hans Lucas Teuber lecture at MIT, The Rudel-Moses lecture at Columbia, The Dorcas Cumming (inaugural keynote) lecture at Cold Spring Harbor, the Raymond Adams lecture at Massachustetts General Hospital, Harvard, and the presidential keynote lecture at the annual meeting of the American Academy of Neurology. He has published over 120 papers in scientific journals, including three invited review articles in the Scientific American, and is editor-in-chief of Academic Press' acclaimed Encyclopedia of Human Behavior. His work is featured frequently in the major news media and Newsweek magazinerecently named him a member of "the century club": one of the "hundred most prominent people to watch in the next century."

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Table of Contents

J.A. White, Action Potential.
J.N. Giedd, E.A. Molloy, and J. Blumenthal, Adolescent Brain Maturation.
J.L. Saver, Aggression.
L.L. Beason-Held and B. Horwitz, Aging Brain.
J.J. Marotta and M. Behrmann, Agnosia.
S.Z. Rapcsak and P.M. Beeson, Agraphia.
J.W. Olney, Alcohol Damage to the Brain.
V.J. Brown and E.M. Bowman, Alertness.
R.B. Friedman, Alexia.
R.G. Morris and C.L. Worsley, Neuropschology of Alzheimer's Disease.
C.R. Long and J.R. Averill, Anger.
L. Tabo Connor and L.K. Obler, Anomia.
B.J. Casey, N. Yeung, and J. Fossella, Anterior Cingulate Cortex, Role of.
E. Vermetten, D.S. Charney, and J.D. Bremner, Anxiety.
M.T. Sarno, Aphasia.
K.M. Heilman and L.J. Gonzalez-Rothi, Apraxia.
D.J. Fellerman, Area V2.
R.T. Marrocco and B.A. Field, Arousal.
D. Partridge, Artificial Intelligence.
N.A. Baumann and D. Pham-Dinh, Astrocytes.
S.P. Vecera and S.J. Luck, Attention.
H.A. Buchtel, Auditory Agnosia.
R.J. Zatorre, Auditory Cortex.
W.A. Yost, Auditory Perception.
E. Courchesne and K. Pierce, Autism.
F. Mor and I.R. Cohen, Autoimmune Diseases.
K.S. Rockland, Axon.
B. Crosson, L. Maron, A.B. Moore, and L. Grande, Basal Ganglia.
F. Sluyter, G. van Luijtelaar, E. de Geus, and W.E. Crusio, Behavioral Neurogenetics.
D.L. Delahanty and J.K. Cremeans, Behavioral Neuroimmunology.
P.B. Dews, Behavioral Pharmacology.
J. Vaid, Bilingualism.
R. Gevirtz, Biofeedback.
G.Goldenberg, Body Perception Disorders.
W.I. Lipkin, T. Briese, and M. Hornig, Borna Disease Virus.
M-M. Mesulam, Brain Anatomy and Networks.
P. Bach-y-Rita, Brain Damage, Recovery from.
H.K.M. Yusuf and K. Islam, Brain Development.
K. Maiese, Brain Disease, Organic.
M. Keidel and P. Stude, Brain Lesions.
W.W. Blessing, Brainstem.
M. Crank and P.T. Fox, Broca's Area.
C.A. Meyers, Cancer Patients, Cognitive Function.
A.J. Friedhoff and R. Silva, Catecholamines.
B.J. Knowlton, Categorization.
M. Molinari, Cerebellum.
J.A. Jane, Jr., A.S. Dumont, D.E. Couture, K.M. Webb, D.B. Ellegala, H. Dayoub, and N.F. Kassell, Cerebral Circulation.
D.F. Cechetto and J.C. Topolovec, Cerebral Cortex.
D.S. Liebeskind, Cerebral Edema.
S. Watkins and A. Rosenberg, Cerebral Palsy.
C.M. Filley, Cerebral White Matter Disorders.
J.R. Absher, Cerebrovascular Disease.
Y. Koutcherov, K.W.S. Ashwell, and G. Paxinos, Chemical Neuroanatomy.
M. Gabriel, L. Burhans, A. Talk, and P. Scalf, Cingulate Cortex.
C.A. Fuller and P.M. Fuller, Circadian Rhythms.
R.E. Clark, Classical Conditioning.
N. Raz, Cognitive Aging.
J.F. Kihlstrom and L. Park, Cognitive Psychology, Overview.
S.A. Kolakowsky-Hayner and J.S. Kreutzer, Cognitive Rehabilitation.
P. Gouras, Color Processing and Color Processing Disorders.
G.H. Jacobs, Color Vision.
M.S. Gazzaniga, Consciousness.
R.J. Brown and M.A. Ron, Conversion.
K. Baynes, Corpus Callosum.
A.B. Butler, Cranial Nerves.
M.A. Runco, Creativity.
A.W. Kaszniak, Dementia.
E.V. Cardemil, Depression.
L.A. Taylor and I. Creese, Dopamine.
M. Bertini, Dreaming.
H.B. Coslett, Dyslexia.
P.L. Nunez, EEG.
F.H. Lopes da Silva, Electrical Potentials.
R. Adolphs and A.S. Heberlein, Emotion.
C. Abbadie and G.W. Pasternak, Endorphins and Their Receptors.
B. Schmitz, Epilepsy.
J.S. George, Event Related Potentials.
H.J. Jerison, Evolution of the Brain.
C.J. Bruce and H.R. Friedman, Eye Movements.
L. Puelles and J.L.R. Rubenstein, Forebrain.
L.A. Kemenoff, B.L. Miller, and J.H. Kramer, Frontal Lobe.
R.L. Savoy, Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (FMRI).
S.R. Kleppner and A.J. Tobin, GABA.
C.A. Messam, J. Hou, N. Janabi, M.C. Monaco, M. Gravell, and E.O. Major, Glia.
J. Epstein, E. Stern, and D. Silbersweig, Hallucinations.
J.R. Flanagan and R.S. Johansson, Hand Movements.
S. Diamond and G.J. Urban, Headaches.
J.F. Brugge and M.A. Howard III, Hearing.
R. Hertwig and P.M. Todd, Heuristics.
J.C. Glover, Hindbrain.
I. Grant, HIV Infection, Neurocognitive Complications of.
P.M. Lledo, Homeostatic Mechanisms.
J. Vaid, Humor and Laughter.
P. Black and C. Ohaegbulam, Hydrocephalus.
J.P. Card and L. Rinaman, Hypothalamus.
J.C. Mazziotta and R.S.J. Frackowiak, Imaging: Brain Mapping Methods.
J.L. Martinez, Jr., S.A.K. Harvey, A. Martinez, and E. Barea-Rodriguez, Information Processing.
A. Henik and T.H. Carr, Inhibition.
R.J. Sternberg and J.C. Kaufman, Intelligence.
B.A. Yi and L.Y. Jan, Ion Channels.
H. Tager-Flusberg, Language Acquisition.
R.C. Martin, M.R. Newsome, and H. Vu, Language and Lexical Processing.
D. Kaplan, Language Disorders.
D. Kaplan, Language, Neural Basis of.
J.B. Hellige, Laterality.
S. Coren, Left-Handedness.
J.L. Price, Limbic System.
P.N. Johnson-Laird, Logic and Reasoning.
R.F. Kaplan, Lyme Encephalopathy.
E.H. Taylor, Manic Depressive Illness.
A.R. Mayes, Memory Disorders, Organic.
K.B. McDermott, Memory, Explicit and Implicit.
R.P. Kesner, Memory Neurobiology.
J. Jonides, D.T. Badre, and T.D. Wager, Memory, Neuroimaging.
J.A. Lucas, Memory, Overview.
S.C. Redden, S.R. Hooper, and M. Pope, Mental Retardation.
R. Parasuraman and D. Caggiano, Mental Workload.
G. Stoll, S. Jander, and M. Schroeter, Microglia.
D.L. Oliver and D. Waitzman, Midbrain.
M. Sanchez del Rio and S. Silberstein, Migraine.
J.T. Barth, J.R. Freeman, and D.K. Broshek, Mild Head Injury.
H.L. Laurer, D.F. Meaney, S.S. Margulies, and T.K. McIntosh, Modeling Brain Injury/Trauma.
E. Chemerinski and R.G. Robinson, Mood Disorders.
P. Verghese and B.R. Beutter, Motion Processing.
S.P. Wise and R. Shadmehr, Motor Control.
J.H. Kaas and I. Stepniewska, Motor Cortex.
P.C. Wong, D.L. Price, and J. Rothstein, Motor Neuron Disease.
E. Hazeltine and R. Ivry, Motor Skill.
J.F. Soechting and M. Flanders, Movement Regulation.
J.R. Alger, MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging).
L.J. Lobeck, Multiple Sclerosis.
B.E. Stein, P. Laurienti, M.T. Wallace, and T.R. Stanford, Multisensory Integration.
J.M. Groh and U. Werner-Reiss, Multisensory Integration, Neural Basis of.
D.W. Perry, Music and the Brain.
R.J. Naylor, Nausea and Vomiting.
J.H. Kaas, Neocortex.
P.S. Eriksson, Nerve Cells and Memory.
J.B. Angevine, Jr., Nervous System, Organization of.
P. Sajda, Neural Networks.
D. Kondziolka, E. Tyler-Kabara, and C. Achim, Neural Transplantation.
C.M> Filley, Neuroanatomy.
M.H. Ratner, R.G. Feldman, and R.F. White, Neurobehavioral Toxicology.
L.J. Martin, Neurodegenerative Disorders.
J.R. Evans, Neurofeedback.
B.R. Ransom and A.M. Brown, Neuroglia.
G. Ganis and S.M. Kosslyn, Neuroimaging.
M.E. Martone and M.H. Ellisman, Neuron.
B. Ahr, Neuropeptides and Islet Function.
E.A. Workman, Neuropharmacology.
D. Bavelier and H. Neville, Neuro-Plasticity, Developmental.
A.P. Nelson and M.M. Searl, Neuropsychological Assessment.
L.C. Hartlage, Neuropsychological Assessment, Pediatric.
J.H. Schwartz, Neurotransmitters.
L.M. Mendell, Nociceptors.
C. Drouin and J.P. Tassin, Norepinephrine.
K. Wynn, Number Processing and Arithmetic.
P. Williams, Object Perception.
E.A. DeYoe, Occipital Lobe.
R.L. Doty, Olfaction.
C.M. Knapp, Opiates.
H.H. Zingg, Oxytocin.
A.D. Craig, Pain.
D. Fishbain, Pain and Psychopathology.
M.D. Yahr, Parkinson's Disease.
W.R. Uttal, Pattern Recognition.
L.J. Martin, Peptides, Hormones, and the Brain, and Spinal Cord.
A.V. Krassioukov, Peripheral Nervous System.
H. Flor, Phantom Limb Pain.
M. Macmillan, Phineas Gage.
A. Kertesz and D.G. Munoz, Pick's Disease and Frontotemporal Dementia.
R.J. Morecraft and E.H. Yeterian, Prefrontal Cortex.
A.D. Wagner and W. Koutstaal, Priming.
H.A. Kretzschmar, Prion Diseases.
R.E. Mayer, Problem Solving.
E.H.F. De Haan, Prosopagnosia.
D. Presti, Psychoactive Drugs.
S. Campeau, Psychoneuroendocrinology.
D.L. Felten and M.E. Maida, Psychoneuroimmunology.
D. Lykken, Psychophysiology.
V. Mann, Reading Disorders, Developmental.
R.P.N. Rao, Receptive Field.
H. Sivers, J. Schooler, and J.J. Freyd, Recovered Memories.
D.T. Cerutti, Reinforcement, Reward, and Punishment.
H. Kazemi and D.C. Johnson, Respiration.
J.E. Dowling, Retina.
L.H. Finkel and S.C. Yen, Salience.
D.V. Jeste and L.T.E. Zorrilla, Schizophrenia.
M. Grossman and P.L. Koenig, Semantic Memory.
J.P. Rauschecker, Sensory Deprivation.
L.S. Allen and R.A. Gorski, Sex Differences in the Human Brain.
J.D. Baldwin and J.I. Baldwin, Sexual Behavior.
S.L. Zup and N.G. Forger, Sexual Differentiation, Hormones and.
L. Regev, C. Avina, and W. O'Donohue, Sexual Dysfunction.
M.S. George and J.P. Lorberbaum, Sexual Function.
G. Vallar, Short-Term Memory.
C.A. Kushida, Sleep Disorders.
B. Landau, Spatial Cognition.
R.L. De Valois, K.K> De Valois, Spatial Vision.
K.R. Kluender, Speech.
D.J. Newport and C.B. Nemeroff, Stress.
B. McEwen and S. Lupien, Stress: Hormonal and Neural Aspects.
A.R. Zazulia, Stroke.
B.S. Brodsky and J.J. Mann, Suicide.
B.E. Stein, M.T. Wallace, and T.R. Stanford, Superior Colliculus.
M. Baudry, Synapses and Synaptic Transmission and Integration.
F. Varoqueaux and N. Brose, Synaptogenesis.
C.L. Reed, Tactile Perception.
M.A. Barry and M.E. Frank, Taste.
H.A. Buchtel, Temporal Lobes.
C. Ohye, Thalamus and Thalamic Damage.
D.L. Harrington and R.M. Rao, Time Passage, Neural Substrates.
V. Eapen and M.M. Robertson, Tourette Syndrome and Obsessive Compulsive Disorder.
T.J. Collier and J.R. Sladek, Jr., Transplantation.
J.F. Kihlstrom, Unconscious, The.
E. Wertman and K.M. Heilman, Unilateral Neglect.
D.E. Scott, Ventricular System.
M. Sarter and J.P. Bruno, Vigilance.
K.E. Anderson and J.M. Silver, Violence and the Brain.
R. Shapley and N. Rubin, Vision: Brain Mechanisms.
M.G.P. Rosa, Visual Cortex.
R.D. Jones and D. Tranel, Visual Disorders.
A.E. Wiencken-Barger and V.A. Casagrande, Visual System Development and Neural Activity.
E.M. Saffran, Wernicke's Area.
S. Della Sala and R.H. Logie, Working Memory.

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