Encyclopedia of Women and Gender, Two-Volume Set: Sex Similarities and Differences and the Impact of Society on Gender 1-2

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Hardcover New 0122272455 **New** copy, 2 volume set, unmarked EXCELLENT condition; ships USPS with delivery confirmation to US destinations. 761 All Secondsource inventory is ... on hand and ready to ship. Read more Show Less

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St Louis, Missouri, U.S.A. 2001 Hardcover New 0122272455. FLAWLESS COPY, BRAND NEW, PRISTINE, NEVER OPENED-1256 pages; 8.2 pounds. --In the past several decades, the term gender ... has been reexamined from a variety of scholarly perspectives. The use of gender was introduced in the behavioral and social sciences to distinguish it from the concept of sex which is understood to be biologically defined, while gender is culturally constructed. This set fills a unique niche and succeeds in providing students, researchers, and practicing clinicians with comprehensive coverage of current research and scholarship on the psychology of women and gender in all its diverse manifestations. The goal is "to explore...how social and cultural influences have structured and shaped the gender-related roles, behaviors, well-being, life events, and opportunities afforded to diverse groups of women and men." Androcentrism, Entitlement, Hate crimes, Recovered memories, Social constructionist theory, Test bias, and Work-family balan Read more Show Less

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The study of gender differences began in earnest in the 1970s and has since increased dramatically to infiltrate virtually all fields of study in the social and behavioral sciences. Along the way, it was discovered that while women very often think and behave differently than do men, industrialized societies cater to masculine perspectives. The "Psychology of Women" emerged as a field of study focusing on just those areas in which women most often butted against assumed roles. And similarly, in the 1990s, the "Psychology of Men" emerged to focus on the same issues for men.
The Encyclopedia of Gender covers all three areas under one cover, discussing psychological differences in personality, cognition, and behavior, as well as biologically based differences and how those differences impact behavior. Coverage includes studies of these differences in applied settings such as education, business, the home, in politics, sports competition, etc.

Key Features
• Over 100 In-depth chapters by leading scholars in the psychology of women and gender
• Addresses critical questions of similarities and differences in gendering across diverse groups, challenging myths about gender polarization and the "Venus/Mars" distinction
• Broad coverage of topics from theory and method to development, personality, violence, sexuality, close relationships, work, health, and social policy
• Sensitive attention to multicultural and cross-cultural research
• Clearly written, readable, comprehensive, with helpful guides (outline, glossary, reference list)
• Raises difficult questions related to power, inequality, ethics, and social justice
• Challenges the reader to revise established "truths" and to seek further information
• Maintains a feminist and woman-centered focus

Audience: Libraries, departments of psychology and sociology. Academic researchers in fields of social psychology, personality, sociology, clinical psychology, and education. Psychologists, social workers, educators, historians, women's studies faculty, psychiatrists, possibly attorneys involved in litigation, medical personnel trying to understand some topic further, nurses in nursing education, etc.

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Editorial Reviews

From the Publisher
"A must for all who want ready access to the necessary ingredients for understanding today's issues in gender studies".
Norine G. Johnson, Ph.D., American Psychological Association President, Psychology Builds a Healthy World

"It deserves to be in every library which is consulted by teachers, students and researchers of women and gender, or by those who deliver social and health services".
Nancy Henley, Professor Emeritus, Department of Psychology, University of California, Los Angeles, USA

This is an excellent resoure that provides well-organized and clearly expressed information on one of the most fascinating constructs that has shaped, and continues to shape, contemporary society.
American Reference Books Annual 2002
Beautifully laid out... Its strengths include attractive presentation, up-to-date sources, readable overviews, and academic input from a variety of points of view...
Nancy Henley
It deserves to be in every library which is consulted by teachers, students, and researchers of women and gender, or by those who deliver social and health services.
Worthy of a place on the shelves of all academic libraries, this encyclopedia attests the credentials of the editor and contributors.
Annette M. Brodsky
This encyclopedia represents the conceptual thinking of a veritable who's who of psychology of women leaders from the last three decades of scholarship in research, theoretical, and clinical aspects of gender relevant issues...
Norine G. Johnson
...the Encyclopedia of Women and Gender edited by Dr. Judith Worell is a feast. A must for all who want ready access to the necessary ingredients for understanding today's issues in gender studies.
Irene Hanson Frieze
The Encyclopedia of Women and Gender is a much needed contribution to the literature and will be an invaluable resource for students as well as professors.
Margaret W. Matlin
The Encyclopedia of Women and Gender will set a new, high standard as a reference resource in the discipline.
Phyllis A. Katz
The Encyclopedia of Women and Gender is an invaluable and much needed compilation of important gender research.
Jill G. Morawski
The Encyclopedia of Women and Gender promises to be a dependable and indispensable resource for students as well as scholars of gender.
Intended as a wide-ranging, yet in-depth resource for those seeking overviews of issues connected with women, this two-volume reference comprises about 100 alphabetically arranged articles; its emphasis on psychological aspects is not entirely clear from the title. The article topics were selected to represent scholarly issues<-->in the many disciplines that deal with gender issues<-->as well as areas of public interest and concern; thus, the following sampling of topics only partially reflects the scope: abortion and its health effects, child care, the feminist movement, hate crimes, imprisonment in the United States, reproductive technologies, sport and athletics, test bias, and women in non-traditional work fields. The articles are accessible enough to be useful to students, yet meaty enough for more sophisticated readers who want a starting point for further research; each article begins with an outline and a glossary and ends with a reading list. Although the articles are cross-referenced, and the indexing is thorough, a thematic grouping of the article topics would have helped give shape to the contents. Editor Worrell is professor emerita (psychology, U. of Kentucky); the contributors are affiliated with institutions all over the US. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)
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Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780122272455
  • Publisher: Elsevier Science
  • Publication date: 9/13/2001
  • Pages: 1256
  • Product dimensions: 9.40 (w) x 11.90 (h) x 3.30 (d)

Meet the Author

Dr. Worell is the current president of the APA division on the psychology of women, and past editor of Psychology of Women Quarterly. She has also chaired the publication board of APA and is section editor of APA's Encyclopedia of Psychology on gender issues. Worell was the unanimous selection to head this encyclopedia by scholars in the field.I am a licensed clinical psychologist, recently retired as professor and department chair from the University of Kentucky, Department of Education and Counseling Psychology. I received my PhD at Ohio State University, have taught at Portland State University, Oklahoma State University, and was a research Associate in the department of Psychiatry at the University of Iowa. I have also been in private practice, seeing families with behaviorally-disturbed children. Most recently I regard myself as a feminist therapist with a focus on the issues that motivate women to seek professional help.I have been very active in psychological organizations-was President of the Kentucky Psych Association, the Southeastern Psych Association, and the Society for the Psychology of Women, (a division of the American Psychological Association). In APA, I have been a member and chair of the publications and communications board, which publishes all their books and journals. I was Associate Editor of their major clinical journal, the Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, and for 6 years was editor of the major research journal on women, Psychology of Women Quarterly. I have had many awards for distinguished contributions, including Outstanding Graduate Professor at UK, Distinguished Leader for Women in Psychology, an honorary doctorate from Colby-Sawyer college, distinguished Kentucky psychologist, etc. I have over 100 publications and presentations in professional books, journals, and meetings. My previous books include:Beyond Appearance: A new look at adolescent girls (1999), Co-Edi

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Table of Contents

Abortion and its Health Effects.
Academic Aspirations and Degree Attainment of Women.
Academic Environments.
Addictions and Substance Abuse.
Adolescent Gender Development.
Affirmative Action.
Aggression and Gender.
Androcentism (in theories, language, research, workplace, family).
Battering in Adult Relationships.
Beauty Politics and Patriarchy: The Impact on Women's Lives.
Biological Factors in Development.
Body Image Concerns.
Career Achievement: Opportunities and Barriers.
Child Abuse: Physical and Sexual.
Child Care: Options and Outcomes.
Chronic Illness Adjustment.
Classroom and School Climate.
Computers and Technology.
Counseling and Psychotherapy: Gender, Race, and Cultural Issues.
Cross-Cultural Gender Roles.
Cross-Cultural Sexual Practices.
Diagnosis of Psychological Disorders: DSM and Gender.
Disabilites and Women: Deconstructing Myths and Reconstructing Realities.
Divorce and Child Custody.
Eating Disorders.
Emotional Abuse in Women.
Empathy and Emotional Expressivity.
Family Roles and Patterns, Contemporary Trends.
Feminist Approaches to Psychotherapy.
Feminist Family Therapy.
Feminist Movement.
Feminist Theories.
Friendship Styles.
Gender Development: Evolutionary Perspectives.
Gender Development: Gender Schema Theories.
Gender Development: Psychoanalytic Perspectives.
Gender Development: Social Learning.
Gender Difference Research: Cognitive Abilities.
Gender Difference Research: Issues and Critique.
Gender Difference Research: Personality.
Gender Stereotypes.
Gender, Race, Ethnicity, and Sexual Orientation.
Hate Crimes.
Health and Health Care: How Gender Makes Women Sick.
Health Care Policy.
Health Risks and Gender.
History of the Psychology of Gender.
Individualism and Collectivism.
Intimacy and Love.
Lesbians, Gays, and Bisexuals in Relationships.
Life Satisfaction.
Marriage: Hers and His.
Media Influences.
Media Stereotypes.
Media Violence.
Men and Masculinity.
Mentoring and Feminist Mentoring.
Methods for Studying Gender.
Midlife Transitions.
Military Women.
Moral Development.
Motherhood: Decisions and Outcomes.
Play Patterns and Gender.
Political Behavior.
Post Traumatic Stress Disorder.
Power: Personal and Social Dimensions.
Pregnancy and Childbirth.
Prostitution and the Commercial Sex Industry.
Recovered Memories.
Reproductive Technologies.
Safer Sex Behaviors.
Self Esteem.
Self-Fulfilling Prophesies.
Sexual Concerns.
Sexual Harassment.
Sexual Misconduct by Psychotherapists.
Sexuality and Sexual Desire.
Sexuality Education.
Sexually Transmitted Diseases and Their Consequences.
Single Sex Schools.
Social Construction Theory.
Social Identity.
Social Role Theory of Sex Differences and Similarities.
Social Support Systems.
Sport and Athletics.
Stress and Coping.
Test Bias.
Torture and War Crimes.
Trauma Across Diverse Settings.
Women in Non-traditional Work Fields.
Work-Family Balance.
Working Environments.

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From the Preface

When I entered the field of psychology, theory and research related to women and gender were relatively invisible. The majority of research within the social sciences was based on the assumption that data obtained mainly from the lives and perspectives of men represented the totality of human experience. The rise of a revitalized women's movement provided the impetus for scholars and researchers to challenge the absence of knowledge about the lives of girls and women. In the ensuing years, a plethora of gender-related scholarship and research produced an abundant body of literature that changed the direction of the discipline. We began asking new questions, naming new problems, confronting the limitations of traditional research paradigms, and applying the fruits of our research to issues of human welfare, public policy, and social justice. The outcome of these efforts is a revised discipline that provides a rich source of theory and research on the psychology of women and gender.

This encyclopedia provides comprehensive coverage of the many topics that encompass current research and scholarship on the psychology of women and gender. The content of these volumes is intended to be accessible to and informative for students and scholars from all academic disciplines, as well as interested readers in the public or corporate domains who wish to explore and expand their understanding of the factors that influence the diverse lives of women and men. Many articles will be particularly interesting and relevant to those in allied professions such as nursing, social work, medicine, and the law.

The authors include prominent and outstanding experts on gender,as well as some excellent emergent scholars. The articles cover a broad array of topics related to the psychology of gender, with additional contributions from allied social sciences including sociology, anthropology, and communications. In contrast to earlier considerations of gender as the study of sex differences, the authors of these articles present a wide range of perspectives on the multiple meanings of sex and gender. Many authors point out that differences among women and groups of women, for example, are greater than most differences that may be found between women and men. Thus, comparisons across the diversity of women is as important as those between the two sexes. Our main focus here is on understanding girls and women in the context of their lives and experiences. In particular, the importance of context is emphasized throughout, in recognition that all behavior is multidetermined and assumes meaning only if understood within particular cultures, situations, and historical time frames. Across the articles attention is given to multicultural issues of diversity in human experience, including those related to nationality, economics, sexuality, and racial/ethnic variables. Our overall goal is to explore through theory and research how social and cultural influences have structured and shaped the gender-related roles, behaviors, well-being, life events, and opportunities afforded to diverse groups of women and men.

Content The articles in this volume are comprehensive and cover topics in depth rather than in condensed formats. Each article reviews a theme that is important to the psychology of gender in human experience and includes a glossary of relevant concepts and timely references that will be invaluable for further reading. Although the content is ordered alphabetically by title, we conceptualized and developed it more broadly according to significant topical areas. A sample of these topics is summarized below.

The basis of most psychological research rests on theoretical structures that provide a framework and assumptions about human nature and experience. Several articles discuss theories of gender development from the perspectives of evolutionary psychology, biology and genetics, social construction, psychoanalysis, social roles, social learning, gender schemas, the history of gender study, and the feminist movement. Next we considered that in examining theories and questions related to women and gender, researchers depend upon a variety of quantitative and qualitative methods. Standard empirical methods of research and analysis, as well as some newer approaches to understanding people's lives, are carefully explained and evaluated. Several articles examine the characteristics of feminist research and the implications of research on sex differences for our understandings of gender. Then, since gender development is multidetermined, we present reviews of major periods and issues in women's development, including cognitive development, gender acquisition and expression in childhood and adolescence, children's play patterns, marriage, motherhood, childcare options, divorce and child custody, mid-life, menopause, and aging.

Psychologists have traditionally been interested in personality; we review the research on gender-related personal characteristics such as social identity, selfesteem, empathy, emotional expressiveness, assertiveness, anger, humor, leadership, ethical/moral judgment, personal and social power, entitlement, and aggression. Health and mental health are important to the well-being of girls and women; we cover topics on life satisfaction, health care, stress and coping, trauma, depression, eating disorders, agoraphobia, anxiety, body image, attractiveness, safer sex behaviors, reproductive technologies, abortion, substance abuse, chronic illiness, disability, psychiatric diagnosis, and recovered memories. Various approaches to psychotherapy and counseling are included to consider alternatives to women's healing and well-being. In all these articles, implications across cultures and social policy are integrated.

Moving to dyadic and community relationships, we explore research on friendship, love, intimacy, lesbian and heterosexual partnering, family, sexuality and sexual desire, and social support. Since most women are involved in heterosexual relationships at some time in their lives, we include an article on men and conceptions of masculinity. Societal or cultural contributions to gender development are reflected in articles on parenting in diverse cultures, academic and achievement options, educational settings, school climate, media in- fluences, and participation in sports and athletics. Gender-related research on work and employment environments is covered in articles on affirmative action, mentoring, nontraditional careers, work–family balance, career achievement, women in the military, and employment-related sexual harassment.

The gender-related effects of biased experiences and minority status include articles on stereotyping, prejudice, androcentrism, test bias, self-fulfilling prophesies, ethnicity and sexual orientation, and poverty. A number of articles cover the critical research area of gender-related violence and implications for social policy. Violence in the lives of women is addressed in reviews of child physical and sexual abuse, emotional abuse, women-battering, rape, sexual misconduct with clients in therapy, hate crimes, prostitution and the sex industry, media violence, torture, and imprisonment. As an important factor in implementing social policy, we include an article on political behavior. We anticipate that the many exciting and interesting reviews in these volumes will stimulate readers to explore further in their own areas of interest.

Collaboration An original and ambitious enterprise such as this could not have been accomplished without the collaboration of a distinguished, capable, and hardworking Executive Advisory Board. Together, we generated the topics to be covered and the names of article authors who could best contribute to the excellence of the reviews. I am grateful to these colleague for their wisdom and perspective in selecting an outstanding group of eminent and accomplished authors. I appreciate their continuing interest and support in bringing these volumes to fruition. I am also grateful for and appreciative of the efforts of each of the superb article authors, who carved out time in their crowded schedules to help us complete this outstanding work.

Finally, I thank the staff at Academic Press for their sustained involvement and support. I thank Nikki Levy for her insight in initiating the development and production of these volumes and for her generosity in negotiating an acceptable range of titles, and Barbara Makinster for her consummate patience and skills in arranging the mechanics of the production with both efficiency and grace. I am con- fident that these volumes will represent an outstanding and useful contribution to our understanding and appreciation of the lives of women and men in the context of the realities of contemporary society.

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