End-of-Life Decision Making: A Cross-National Study

End-of-Life Decision Making: A Cross-National Study

by Robert H. Blank
     
 

ISBN-10: 0262025744

ISBN-13: 9780262025744

Pub. Date: 01/01/2005

Publisher: MIT Press

This examination of end-of-life decision making offers a broader perspective than that found in the extensive existing literature on this topic by offering a cross-national comparison. Experts from twelve countries analyze death-related issues and policies in their respective nations, discussing such topics as health care costs, advance directives or wills, pain

Overview

This examination of end-of-life decision making offers a broader perspective than that found in the extensive existing literature on this topic by offering a cross-national comparison. Experts from twelve countries analyze death-related issues and policies in their respective nations, discussing such topics as health care costs, advance directives or wills, pain management, and cultural, social, and religious factors. The countries selected for study -- Brazil,
China, Germany, India, Israel, Japan, Kenya, the Netherlands, Taiwan, Turkey, the
United Kingdom, and the United States -- represent a mix of East and West, developed and developing nations seldom considered together in analyses of these issues. This is the first systematic attempt to analyze end-of-life issues in many of these countries; the chapters on China, Kenya (of special significance because of the
HIV/AIDS epidemic in sub-Saharan Africa) and Turkey break new ground.Each author reports on various factors in end-of-life decisions: estimated costs of dying,
including health care costs; the proportion of deaths occurring in hospitals, in hospices, and at home; the prevalence and variety of advance directives; the mix of high technology and palliative care; the cut-off point for aggressive care and the legal definition of death; government policies on end-of-life decisions, assisted suicide, and euthanasia; and cultural, social, and religious influences. The findings show that there are great differences among countries even in the way these issues are framed. Scholars, policymakers, and medical practitioners can all benefit from the extensive information in these essays on how different nations are dealing with death-related issues.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780262025744
Publisher:
MIT Press
Publication date:
01/01/2005
Series:
Basic Bioethics
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
280
Product dimensions:
6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 0.50(d)
Age Range:
18 Years

Table of Contents

Series Forewordix
Prefacexi
1Introduction: Issues at the End of Life1
2Ethical Questions Related to End-of-Life Decisions: The Brazilian Reality13
3End-of-Life Care in China: A View from Beijing33
4End-of-Life Decision Making in Germany61
5End-of-Life Decision Making in India79
6End-of-Life Decision Making in Israel97
7End-of-Life Care in Japan109
8End-of-Life Decision Making in Kenya131
9End-of-Life Decision Making in the Netherlands147
10End-of-Life Decision Making in Taiwan169
11End-of-Life Decision Making in Turkey183
12Death Policy in the United Kingdom197
13Death and Dying: The American Experience219
14Summary: The State of End-of-Life Policy243
Contributors255
Index257

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