The Enduring Legacy: Oil, Culture, and Society in Venezuela

The Enduring Legacy: Oil, Culture, and Society in Venezuela

by Miguel Tinker Salas
     
 

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ISBN-10: 082234419X

ISBN-13: 9780822344193

Pub. Date: 05/11/2009

Publisher: Duke University Press Books

Oil has played a major role in Venezuela's economy since the first gusher was discovered along Lake Maracaibo in 1922. As Miguel Tinker Salas demonstrates, oil has also transformed the country's social, cultural, and political landscapes. In The Enduring Legacy, Tinker, Salas traces the history of the oil industry's rise in Venezuela from the beginning of the

Overview

Oil has played a major role in Venezuela's economy since the first gusher was discovered along Lake Maracaibo in 1922. As Miguel Tinker Salas demonstrates, oil has also transformed the country's social, cultural, and political landscapes. In The Enduring Legacy, Tinker, Salas traces the history of the oil industry's rise in Venezuela from the beginning of the twentieth century, paying particular attention to the experiences and perceptions of industry employees, both foreign and Venezuelan. He describes how North American and British petroleum companies promoted the idea that their interests were synonymous with national development. They set up oil camps-residential communities to house their workers-that brought Venezuelan employees together with workers from the United States and Britain, and eventually with Chinese, West Indian, and Mexican migrants as well. Through the camps, the companies offered not just housing but also schooling, leisure activities, and acculturation into a structured, corporate way of life. Tinker Salas contends that these practices shaped the heart and soul of generations of Venezuelans whom the industry provided with access to a middle-class lifestyle. His interest in how oil suffused the consciousness of Venezuela is personal: Tinker Salas was born and raised in one of its oil camps.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780822344193
Publisher:
Duke University Press Books
Publication date:
05/11/2009
Series:
American Encounters/Global Interactions
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
344
Product dimensions:
6.10(w) x 9.20(h) x 1.00(d)

Table of Contents

Preface vii

Introduction: Oil, Culture, and Society 1

Chapter 1 A Tropical Mediterranean: Lake Maracaibo at the Turn of the Century 15

Chapter 2 The Search for Black Gold 39

Chapter 3 La Ruta Petrolera: Learning to Live with Oil 73

Chapter 4 Oil, Race, Labor, and Nationalism 107

Chapter 5 Our Tropical Outpost: Gender and the Senior Staff Camps 143

Chapter 6 The Oil Industry and Civil Society 171

Chapter 7 Oil and Politics: An Enduring Relation 205

Conclusion An Enduring Legacy 237

Notes 251

Bibliography 299

Index 317

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