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This volume provides an overview of current research and recent advances in the area of energetic materials, focusing on explosives and propellants. The contents and format reflect the fact that theory, experiment and computation are closely linked in this field.
The challenge of developing energetic materials that are less sensitive to accidental stimuli continues to be of critical importance. This volume opens with discussions of some determinants of sensitivity and its correlations with various molecular and crystal properties. The next several chapters deal in considerable detail with different aspects and mechanisms of the initiation of detonation, and its quantitative description. The second half of this volume focuses upon combustion. Extensive studies model ignition and combustion, with applications to different propellants. The final chapter is an exhaustive computational treatment of the mechanism and kinetics of combustion initiation reactions of ammonium perchlorate.
Overall, this volume illustrates the progress that has been made in the field of energetic materials and some of the areas of current activity. It also indicates the challenges involved in characterizing and understanding the properties and behaviour of these compounds. The work is a unique state-of-the-art treatment of the subject, written by pre-eminent researchers in the field.
- Overall emphasis is on theory and computation, presented in the context of relevant experimental work
- Presents a unique state-of-the-art treatment of the subject
- Contributors are preeminent researchers in the field
Audience: Computational chemists, Chemical Physicists, Chemical Engineers, Materials Chemists.
Chapter 1. Sensitivity Correlations
Chapter 2. A Study of Chemical Micro-Mechanisms of Initiation of Organic Polynitro Compounds
Chapter 3. Dynamics of Energy Disposal in Unimolecular Reactions
Chapter 4. Initiation and Decomposition Mechanisms of Energetic Materials
Chapter 5. Initiation due to Plastic Deformation from Shock or Impact
Chapter 6. Fast Molecular Processes in Energetic Materials
Chapter 7. The Equation of State and Chemistry of Detonation Products
Chapter 8. Combustion Mechanisms and Simplified-Kinetics Modeling of Homogeneous Energetic Solids
Chapter 9. Modeling of Nitramine Propellant Combustion and Ignition
Chapter 10. Use of Kinetic Models for Solid State Reactions in Combustion Simulations
Chapter 11. Towards Reliable Prediction of Kinetics and Mechanisms for Elementary Processes: Key Combustion Initiation Reactions of Ammonium Perchlorate