Energy and Natural Resources Law in a Nutshell / Edition 1

Energy and Natural Resources Law in a Nutshell / Edition 1

by Jan G. Laitos, Joseph P. Tomain, Joseph P. Tomain
     
 

ISBN-10: 0314001182

ISBN-13: 9780314001184

Pub. Date: 11/28/1992

Publisher: West Group

Law and the Resources Market; Economics and Natural Resources Markets; Law and Government and the Natural Resources Market; Resource Management and Protection; Public Lands and Natural Resources Law; Environmental Law; Environmental Assessment and NEPA; Resource Production and Use; Minerals Law; Timber Law; Water Law; Energy Resource Distribution and Use; Federal

Overview

Law and the Resources Market; Economics and Natural Resources Markets; Law and Government and the Natural Resources Market; Resource Management and Protection; Public Lands and Natural Resources Law; Environmental Law; Environmental Assessment and NEPA; Resource Production and Use; Minerals Law; Timber Law; Water Law; Energy Resource Distribution and Use; Federal Energy Policy; Developing Energy Resources; Energy, Conversion and Distribution.

Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780314001184
Publisher:
West Group
Publication date:
11/28/1992
Series:
Nutshell Series
Pages:
554
Product dimensions:
4.80(w) x 7.29(h) x 1.00(d)

Table of Contents

Preface v
Table of Cases
xxxv
PART I. LAW AND THE RESOURCES MARKET
Economics and Natural Resources Markets
2(27)
Property Interests in Natural Resources
3(3)
Private Goods
3(1)
Public Goods
4(1)
Common Goods
5(1)
The Free Market and Natural Resources Use
6(13)
The Regulatory Life Cycle
6(3)
The Market
9(1)
Demand
10(1)
Supply
11(2)
Equilibrium
13(1)
Costs
14(2)
Marginal Revenue
16(2)
Price Elasticity of Demand
18(1)
Failures of the Market
19(5)
Monopoly
20(1)
Rent Control
20(1)
Externalities
21(1)
Information Costs
21(1)
Excessive Competition
22(1)
Scarce Resource Allocation
22(1)
Unequal Bargaining
23(1)
Rationalization
23(1)
Paternalism
23(1)
Moral Hazard
24(1)
Cost-Benefit Analysis
24(5)
An Overview of Cost-Benefit Methodology
25(1)
A Critique of Cost-Benefit Analysis
25(2)
The Legal Role of Cost-Benefit Analysis
27(2)
Law and Government and the Natural Resources Market
29(35)
The Common Law and Natural Resources
30(9)
Limitations on the Common Law
30(1)
Statutory Law
30(1)
Public Rights
31(1)
The Federal Navigational Servitude
32(1)
The Public Trust Doctrine
33(1)
Public Rights to Non-navigable Waters
34(1)
Public Access
35(1)
Uses of the Common Law
35(1)
Tort Law
36(1)
Property Law
37(1)
Contract Law
38(1)
Government Action and Natural Resources
39(25)
Administrative Law Themes
40(1)
Adjudication and Rulemaking
41(2)
The Right to Judicial Review
43(1)
Standard of Review
43(1)
Overturning Agency Actions
44(1)
Standing
45(4)
Timing
49(4)
Constitutional Law Themes
53(1)
Federalism
54(2)
Limitations on Regulation
56(4)
The Cases and Controversies Requirement
60(4)
PART II. RESOURCE MANAGEMENT AND PROTECTION
Public Lands and Natural Resources Law
64(75)
Federal Power Over Public Lands and Resources
64(26)
Nature and Extent of Public Ownership
64(1)
Legal Authority of Federal Government and States
65(1)
Source of Power
65(2)
The Reach of the Property and Jurisdiction Clauses
67(1)
The Property Clause
67(1)
The Jurisdiction Clause
68(1)
Federal and State Power
69(1)
Federal Preemption
69(2)
Federal Immunity from State Law
71(1)
Congressional and Executive Authority
72(2)
Exercises of Power
74(3)
Historical Development of Public Lands and Resources Policy
77(1)
Acquisition
77(1)
Disposition
78(1)
Statehood
78(1)
Grants to States
79(1)
Grants to Railroads and Problems of Access
80(2)
Grants to Farmers, Ranchers, and Homesteaders
82(1)
Withdrawals and Reservations
83(2)
Management
85(1)
Multiple Use
85(1)
Preservation
86(1)
Environmental Review
87(1)
Planning
87(1)
Reclamation
88(1)
Reacquisition and Reclassification
88(2)
The Law of Public Lands and Resources
90(49)
Management of Special Purpose Public Lands
90(1)
Rangeland
90(2)
Nature of the Rancher-Permittee's Property Interest
92(2)
Range Management and NEPA
94(1)
FLPMA of 1976 and the Public Rangelands Improvement Act of 1978 (PRIA)
95(2)
Regulation of Non-Grazing Uses of Public Rangeland
97(1)
FLPMA Rights-of-Way
97(1)
Recreation
97(1)
Competition with other Animals
98(1)
Preservation Lands
99(2)
Preservation for Recreation
101(1)
National Park and Monuments
101(1)
Concessions, Support Facilities, and Services
102(1)
Commercial Recreational Activities
103(1)
Non-Recreational, Commercial Development
103(1)
Threats to Parklands
104(1)
Liability
105(1)
Other Federal Recreation Lands
105(1)
National Recreation Areas
105(1)
Forest Service Lands
106(1)
Preservation for Historic, Wilderness, and Ecological Purposes
107(1)
Cultural, Historic and Scientific Preservation
107(1)
Historic Preservation
107(1)
Protection of Antiquities and Archaeological Resources
108(1)
Preservation of Wilderness Values
109(1)
Creation of Wilderness Areas
110(1)
Management of Designated Wilderness Lands
111(1)
Wilderness in National Forests
112(2)
Wilderness in BLM Lands
114(1)
Wilderness in National Parks and Wildlife Refuges
115(1)
Preservation of Water Resources
115(1)
Protection of Free-Flowing Rivers
115(2)
Protection of Wetlands and Tidelands
117(3)
Management of Natural Resources on Public Lands
120(1)
Economically Valuable Resources
120(1)
The Wildlife Resource
120(1)
The Legal Framework
120(1)
Government "Ownership" of Wildlife?
120(1)
Federal Authority Over Wildlife
121(1)
Legal Boundaries of State Wildlife Law
121(1)
Conflicts with Other States
121(1)
State Wildlife Management on Federal Lands
122(1)
Federal Wildlife Management
123(1)
Killing, Hunting, and Fishing
123(1)
Taking Wildlife for Business, Recreation, Subsistence, and Predator Control
123(1)
Hunting and Fishing within Federal Land Systems
124(1)
Wildlife Impact Review
125(1)
NEPA
125(2)
Other Wildlife Impact Review Statutes
127(1)
Habitat Acquisition and Protection
127(1)
The National Wildlife Refuge System
127(1)
Habitat Acquisition
128(1)
Management of National Wildlife Refuges
129(1)
Species Protection---The Endangered Species Act
129(2)
The "Taking" Prohibition
131(2)
The Prohibition Against Federal Actions That Jeopardize Species or Harm Habitat
133(1)
The Duty to "Conserve"
133(1)
The Duty to "Consult"
134(1)
Effect of the Endangered Species Act
135(1)
Other Federal Species Protection Laws
136(1)
Horses and Burros
136(1)
Bald Eagles
136(1)
Migratory Birds
137(1)
Marine Mammals
137(1)
International Protection of Wildlife Species
138(1)
Environmental Law
139(79)
Natural Resources, Environmentalism, and Environmental Law
139(4)
Private and State Environmental Law
143(4)
Common Law
143(1)
Grounds for Common Law Relief
143(2)
Defenses to Common Law Relief
145(1)
State Statutory Environmental Law
146(1)
Controlling Environmental Decisionmaking of Federal Agencies
147(5)
Private Enforcement of Federal Statutory Violations
148(1)
Judicial Review of Agency Environmental Decisionmaking
149(1)
Reviewability
149(1)
Scope of Review
150(1)
Remedies
151(1)
Pollution Control
152(38)
Air Pollution
152(2)
Ambient Air Quality Standards
154(1)
Permitting
155(1)
State Implementation Plans (SIPs)
155(1)
Purpose and Content
155(1)
Inadequate SIPs
156(1)
Technological and Economic Feasibility
157(1)
Use of Tall Stacks and Dispersion Techniques
158(1)
Relief Provisions
158(1)
New Source Performance Standards (NSPS)
159(1)
"New" or "Modified" Sources
159(1)
Standards
160(1)
Prevention of Significant Deterioration (PSD)
160(2)
Visibility
162(1)
Nonattainment Areas
163(1)
Deadlines
163(1)
Standards
164(1)
Intra--Source Bubbles and Inter-Source Offsets
164(1)
Air Toxics
165(1)
Interstate Pollution
166(1)
The Clean Air Act Provisions
166(1)
The Acid Rain Provisions of the 1990 Amendments
167(1)
Water Pollution
168(2)
Effluent Limitations
170(1)
Levels of Treatment---Types of Pollutants
171(1)
Best Practicable Technology (BPT)
172(1)
Best Available Technology (BAT)
173(1)
Best Conventional Technology (BCT)
173(1)
Nonconventional Nontoxic Pollutants
174(1)
Toxic Pollutants
174(1)
Effluent Limitations for New Sources
175(1)
Variances
176(1)
Water Quality Standards
176(1)
Setting Standards
177(1)
Conflicts
178(1)
The National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES)
179(1)
Definitions
179(1)
"Pollutant"
180(1)
"Added"
180(1)
"Navigable Waters"
180(1)
"Point Sources"
181(1)
The NPDES Permit
182(1)
Section 401 Certification
183(1)
Regulation of Other Waste Discharges
183(1)
Non-point Source Pollution
183(1)
Runoff and Stormwater
184(1)
Hazardous Waste and Oil Spills
185(1)
Thermal Pollution
185(1)
Groundwater Pollution
186(1)
Regulation Under the Clean Water Act
186(1)
Regulation Under the Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA)
187(1)
Section 404 Permitting for Dredged or Fill Material
188(2)
Toxic and Hazardous Substance Control
190(28)
The Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA)
193(1)
Identification and Listing of Hazardous Wastes
194(2)
Cradle to Grave Regulation
196(1)
Generators of Waste
196(1)
Transportation of Wastes
196(1)
Treatment, Storage, and Disposal (TSD) Facilities
197(1)
Permits
197(1)
Assurances of Financial Responsibility
198(1)
Imminent and Substantial Endangerment
199(1)
Regulation of Mine Waste
199(1)
Uranium Mill Tailings
199(1)
"Bevill" Wastes under RCRA
200(1)
Additional Federal Environmental Regulation of Mining Wastes
201(1)
The Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA)
202(1)
CERCLA and RCRA
202(2)
Scope of CERCLA
204(1)
"Release"
204(1)
"Disposal"
204(1)
"Hazardous Substances" and the Petroleum Exclusion
205(1)
"Facility"
206(1)
CERCLA Response Procedures
206(1)
Removal or Remedial Action
206(1)
Who Pays?
207(1)
How Clean Is Clean?
207(1)
Liability of Potentially Responsible Parties (PRPs)
208(1)
Costs and Damages Recoverable
209(1)
CERCLA Plaintiffs
210(1)
CERCLA Defendants
210(2)
Nature of Liability---Opportunity for Contribution
212(1)
Defenses
213(2)
Abandoned or Inactive Mining Activities
215(1)
Settlement Agreements
216(2)
Environmental Assessment and NEPA
218(28)
Administration and Enforcement
219(4)
The Council on Environmental Quality
219(1)
Procedural Obligations
220(1)
Judicial Review and Intervention
221(2)
Threshold Requirements
223(5)
Is There a "Proposal" to Undertake a "Major Federal Action"?
223(1)
Is the Federal Action "Major"?
224(1)
Is the Action "Federal"?
225(1)
Is the Action Affecting the "Environment"?
226(1)
When Is the Environmental Impact "Significant"?
227(1)
Scope
228(5)
The Need for a Proposal
228(1)
Actions Entailing Federal and Non-Federal Participation
229(1)
Particular Actions As Part of a Broader Program
229(1)
Programmatic EISs
230(1)
CEQ Regulations
231(1)
Segmentation, Independent Utility and Tiering
231(2)
Timing
233(2)
Adequacy of the Impact Statement
235(7)
Alternatives and Mitigation
236(2)
Impact Analysis
238(1)
Uncertainty and Lack of Information
238(1)
Kinds of Impacts
239(1)
Impact Analysis Not Necessary
240(1)
New Information and Supplemental EISs
241(1)
NEPA in Special Contexts
242(4)
Relationship Between NEPA and Other Federal Statutes
242(1)
Proposals for Legislation
243(1)
Extraterritorial Relevance of NEPA
244(2)
PART III. RESOURCE PRODUCTION AND USE
Minerals Law
246(65)
The Law of Locatable, Hard Rock Minerals
249(20)
Location
251(1)
Lands Open to Location
251(1)
Locatable Minerals
252(2)
Qualified Locators
254(1)
Types of Locations
254(1)
Location Procedures
255(1)
Discovery
256(1)
Prospector's Rights Prior to Discovery: Pedis Possessio
256(1)
Discovery of a Valuable Mineral
257(1)
The Discovery Test for Controversies Involving the United States
258(1)
The Discovery Test for Controversies Involving Rival Claimants
259(1)
The Unpatented Mining Claim
259(1)
Rights Granted
260(1)
Exclusive Right of Possession
260(1)
Surface Rights
261(1)
Extralateral Rights
261(2)
The Right to Amend or Relocate Claims
263(1)
Limitations and Requirements
263(1)
Assessment Requirements
263(1)
Acts that Qualify for Assessment Work
264(1)
Effect of Failure to Perform Annual Assessment Work
264(1)
Surface Use and Environmental Limitations
265(1)
Statutory Restrictions
265(2)
Regulatory Restrictions
267(1)
Forest Service Regulations
267(1)
BLM Regulations
268(1)
The Patented Claim
268(1)
The Law of Leasable, Energy Minerals
269(31)
Oil and Gas
270(1)
Royalties Management
271(2)
Onshore Oil and Gas
273(1)
Predicates to the Leasing Decision
273(1)
Secretarial Discretion
273(1)
Lands Available to Lease
273(1)
Minerals Encompassed by "Oil and Gas"
274(1)
The Leasing Decision
274(2)
Lease Terms and Extensions
276(1)
Lease Stages
276(2)
Conditions to the Oil and Gas Lease
278(1)
NEPA
279(1)
Timing
279(1)
Scope
280(1)
Impact Anlaysis
281(1)
Offshore Oil and Gas
281(1)
Federal Jurisdiction
281(1)
The Outer Continental Shelf Lands Act (OCSLA)
282(1)
Leasing Programs
282(1)
Environmental Concerns
283(1)
The Coastal Zone Management Act (CZMA)
284(1)
NEPA
284(1)
Coal
285(1)
Pre-1976 Federal Coal Leasing
286(1)
Coal Leasing Under the 1920 Mineral Leasing Act
286(1)
The 1971-1976 Moratorium
287(1)
The Federal Coal Leasing Amendments Act (FCLAA)
287(1)
Coal Leasing Under the FCLAA
287(1)
Fair Market Value
288(1)
Retroactive Effect of the FCLAA
289(1)
"Valid Existing Rights"
289(1)
Application of FCLAA to Pre-1976 Coal Leases
290(2)
Coal Production and the Environment
292(1)
NEPA
292(1)
The Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act (SMCRA)
292(1)
Scope and Administration
293(1)
Statutory Scheme
294(2)
Valid Existing Rights
296(1)
Oil Shale
297(2)
Geothermal
299(1)
Nature of the Resource
299(1)
The Geothermal Steam Act
299(1)
The Law of Salable, Common Variety Minerals
300(6)
The Materials Act and Common Varieties Act
301(1)
Lands Subject to Materials Sale
301(1)
Sale of Materials Reserved as "Minerals" by Federal Land Disposal Statutes
301(1)
The Location System and Common Variety Materials
302(1)
Common Variety Materials Found in Association With Locatable Minerals
302(1)
Location of Pre-1955 Discoveries of Common Variety Materials
303(1)
Location of Post-1955 Discoveries of Common Variety Materials
304(1)
"Distinct and Special Value"
304(1)
Satisfying the Discovery Test
305(1)
Disposal of Salable Materials
305(1)
Federal Reserved Mineral Rights
306(5)
What Has Been Reserved?
307(1)
Relationship Between Mineral and Surface Estates
308(1)
Implied Reservations
309(1)
Mineral Reservations When Land Conveyed to the United States
310(1)
Timber Law
311(45)
Private Timber Law
314(6)
Ownership
314(1)
Timber
314(1)
Land
315(1)
Conveyances and Reservations of Interests in Timber
315(1)
Nature of the Interest
316(1)
Conveyances
316(1)
Reservations
317(1)
Access
318(1)
Relationship Between Landowner and Owner of Timber Rights
318(1)
Contracts to Log and Market Timber
318(1)
Cutting Timber Without Permission
319(1)
Trespass
319(1)
Damages
320(1)
State Timber Law
320(6)
Reforestation: State Forest Practice Acts
321(2)
Beyond Reforestation Regulation
323(1)
Protection of the Environment
324(1)
Federal Impetus
324(1)
Environmental Protection
324(1)
Recreation and Preservation
325(1)
Watershed Protection and Fire Prevention
325(1)
Federal Timber Law
326(30)
Uses of National Forestlands
327(1)
Timber Harvesting
327(2)
Timber Sales
329(1)
The Timber Sale Process
329(1)
Defeating Timber Sales
329(2)
Timber Sales Contracts
331(1)
Timber Contract Terms
331(1)
Modification and Cancellation of Existing Contracts
332(1)
The Federal Timber Contract Payment Modification Act (FTCPMA)
332(1)
Harvesting Methods: The Clearcutting Controversy
333(1)
Mining and Minerals Development
334(1)
Hard Rock Mining
335(1)
Oil and Gas
336(2)
Coal
338(1)
Multiple Use
338(1)
Non-timber Uses of National Forests
338(1)
Judicial Views on Multiple Use in National Forests
339(1)
Future Multiple Use Management
340(1)
Forest Management by Planning
340(1)
The Resources Planning Act of 1974
341(1)
The National Forest Management Act of 1976
342(1)
The Planning Process
342(2)
Substantive Requirements
344(1)
Environmental Constraints
344(1)
Method of Harvest
345(1)
Timing and Amount of Harvest
346(1)
Location of Harvest
347(1)
Cost of Harvest
347(1)
Timber Harvesting on BLM Lands
348(1)
Environmental and Preservationist Values
348(1)
NEPA
349(1)
Failure to Prepare EIS
349(1)
Adequacy of EIS
350(1)
Failure to Prepare Supplemental EIS
351(1)
Wildlife Protection
351(1)
Wilderness
352(1)
Clean Water Act
353(1)
Water Quality
353(1)
The Silvicultural Exemption to the Dredge and Fill Permit Requirement
354(1)
Chemical Spraying
355(1)
Water Law
356(44)
State Water Law
358(32)
Systems of Water Law
358(1)
Riparian Rights
358(1)
Nature and Characteristics of Riparian Right
358(2)
Conveyances
360(1)
Limits on Riparian Rights
361(1)
Loss of the Riparian Right
362(1)
Prior Appropriation
363(1)
Acquisition of Water Right
364(1)
Waters Subject to Appropriation
364(1)
Waters From Natural Watercourses
364(1)
Foreign or Developed Water
365(1)
Waste or Salvaged Water
365(2)
Perfecting the Appropriative Right
367(1)
Intent and Notice
367(1)
Diversion
367(2)
Beneficial Use
369(1)
The Prior Appropriation Right in Non-Permit Jurisdictions: The Colorado Experience
369(1)
Statutory and Administrative Regulation and Permitting of Appropriative Rights
370(2)
Nature and Characteristics of the Appropriative Right
372(1)
Priority
372(1)
Quantity
373(1)
Transfers and Inter-Basin Diversions
374(1)
Changes that Cause Harm to Other Appropriators
375(1)
Storage
376(1)
Loss of Appropriative Rights
377(1)
Dual Systems
378(2)
Public Rights
380(1)
Federal Regulatory Power
380(1)
Title to Beds Underlying Navigable Waters
380(1)
"Navigability" Under State Law
381(1)
The Public Trust Doctrine
382(1)
Non-navigable Waters
382(1)
Sources of Water
383(1)
Surface Water
383(1)
Regulation of Instream Flows and Lake Levels
383(1)
Diffused Surface Waters
384(2)
Groundwater
386(1)
Resolving Conflicts Among Competing Users
386(2)
Public Administration of Groundwater Use
388(1)
Regulation of Groundwater Pumping to Protect Surface Users and Groundwater Quality
389(1)
Federal and Interstate Water Law
390(10)
Federal Water Projects
390(1)
The Navigation Servitude
390(1)
Reclamation
391(1)
Federal Reserved Water Rights
392(1)
Nature and Effect of the Reserved Right
392(1)
Purpose and Quantity of Water Reserved
393(1)
Effect of State Water Law
394(1)
Location of Water Reserved
395(1)
Interstate Allocation of Water
395(1)
Interstate Compacts
395(1)
Adjudication
396(4)
PART IV. ENERGY RESOURCE DISTRIBUTION AND USE
Federal Energy Policy
400(38)
Energy Facts
401(6)
Conventional Policies and Conventional Fuels
407(23)
Historical Antecedents
408(1)
1887--1900
408(2)
1900--1920
410(4)
1920--1933
414(2)
The New Deal Era to World War II
416(2)
Post-World War II to 1973
418(1)
Coal
418(1)
Natural Gas
419(2)
Oil
421(1)
Nuclear Energy
422(1)
Presidents Carter and Reagan Test the Dominant Model, 1973--1988
423(1)
President Carter and Centralized Energy Policy
423(3)
President Reagan and Deregulation
426(1)
The Dominant Model of Energy Policy
427(3)
Alternative Fuels and Policies
430(5)
Alternative Fuels
430(1)
Alternative Energy Policies
431(1)
Energy Futures
432(2)
An Alternative Energy Policy: The Sustainable Development Model
434(1)
Continued Reliance on the Dominant Model
435(3)
Developing Energy Resources
438(56)
Oil
439(10)
Overview of the Oil Industry
440(1)
Regulatory Overview
440(3)
The Era of Price and Allocation Controls, 1970--1980
443(1)
Pricing
443(2)
Allocation
445(1)
Offshore Exploration and Oil Spills
446(3)
Coal
449(12)
Overview of the Coal Industry
449(2)
Coal Regulation
451(1)
Coal Conversion
451(1)
Health and Safety Concerns for Mine Workers
452(1)
Land Reclamation
453(2)
Clean Air and Water
455(2)
Coal Transportation
457(1)
Rail Transportation
457(2)
Coal Slurry Pipelines
459(2)
Nuclear Power
461(9)
Overview of the Nuclear Power Industry
461(2)
Legislative Overview
463(4)
Nuclear Waste
467(3)
Hydroelectric Power
470(13)
The Hydropower Industry
470(2)
Federal Regulation
472(1)
Federal Jurisdiction
473(2)
Licensing
475(1)
Federal Power Act
475(3)
Environmental Laws
478(1)
Small Hydropower Projects and the Public Utility Regulatory Policies Act
479(1)
The Electric Consumer Protection Act
480(3)
Alternative Energy Resources
483(11)
Solar Power
484(1)
Biomass and Alcohol Fuels
485(1)
Geothermal
486(2)
Synthetic Fuels
488(3)
Conservation
491(1)
Conclusion
492(2)
Energy Conversion and Distribution
494(43)
Natural Gas
495(13)
Overview of the Natural Gas Industry
495(2)
Regulatory Overview
497(1)
The Natural Gas Act
497(3)
The Natural Gas Policy Act of 1978 (NGPA)
500(2)
Public Utility Regulatory Policies Act
502(1)
Post NGPA Regulation
503(1)
Take-or-Pay Contracts
504(1)
FERC Natural Gas Initiatives
504(4)
Electricity
508(13)
Industry Overview
509(2)
Regulatory Overview
511(4)
Transmission and Power Pools
515(1)
FERC Electricity Initiatives
516(4)
Electricity and the Environment
520(1)
Public Utility Regulation
521(16)
The Theory of Natural Monopoly
522(1)
Ratemaking Goals
523(1)
Capital--Attraction Function
524(1)
The Low Cost Energy Function
524(1)
The Efficiency-Incentive Function
525(1)
The Demand-Control or Consumer Rationing Function
526(2)
The Income-Distributive Function
528(1)
The Rate Formula
529(1)
Operating Expenses
529(1)
Rate Base
530(3)
Rate of Return
533(1)
Contemporary Ratemaking Issues
533(1)
Marginal Cost Pricing
534(1)
Incentive Rates
535(1)
New Utility Markets
536(1)
Index 537

Customer Reviews

Average Review:

Write a Review

and post it to your social network

     

Most Helpful Customer Reviews

See all customer reviews >