Energy, Environment and Development

Energy, Environment and Development

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by Jose Goldemberg
     
 

The energy-environment connection has been the subject of many studies over the years, as has the interrelation between energy and development. This book is the first to look at the links between all three.Unlike most studies, which rely on GNP as the sole indicator of development (and thus fail to take account of inequalities within a given country), Jose Goldemberg… See more details below

Overview

The energy-environment connection has been the subject of many studies over the years, as has the interrelation between energy and development. This book is the first to look at the links between all three.Unlike most studies, which rely on GNP as the sole indicator of development (and thus fail to take account of inequalities within a given country), Jose Goldemberg uses an approach which disaggregates national populations by income and by the environmental effects of different income groups - an approach which is particularly relevant to developing countries, where income disparities are often wider. By looking in detail at how different income groups consume energy (and what type of energy), he identifies the differences between local, regional and global environmental impacts, and can thus ascertain who is responsible for them. The book begins with an overview of the concepts of energy, and what economists generally mean by 'development'. It then gives a factual description of current energy-related problems of environmental degradation, looking at their causes and technical solutions and the present energy trends. Finally, it discusses both general and specific policies to promote sustainable development in the area of energy. In a technical, yet accessible, style, and with useful graphs, figures and text boxes throughout, "Energy, Environment and Development" is aimed at students on a range of courses in geography, environmental and development issues, and will also appeal to those concerned with energy and environment, but who are not energy specialists.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9781853833694
Publisher:
Earthscan Publications Ltd.
Publication date:
09/28/1996
Pages:
192
Product dimensions:
6.20(w) x 9.30(h) x 0.70(d)

Meet the Author

José Goldemberg is a well-known author. He was rector of the University of São Paulo (USP) in Brazil, where he still lectures. He has served in key decision-making positions, including as Federal Minister for the Environment, Secretary of State for Science and Technology and, years later, for the Environment. A Visiting Professor at Princeton University and at the International Academy of the Environment in Geneva, he has chaired several important works, such as the UNDP's World Energy Assessment. He contributed to the Nobel-awarded International Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) and was recognized by Time Magazine as a 'Hero of the Environment'. In 2008, he won the Blue Planet Prize for contributions to the environment.

Oswaldo Lucon is graduated in Civil Engineering and Law. He has a PhD in Energy and a MSc in Clean Technology. Working in the environmental field in the last 20 years, he has contributed to Goldemberg's works since 2002, both at USP and for the government. He was lead author of the 2006 IPCC Greenhouse Gas Emission Inventory Guidelines and is now lead author of the Panel's Special Report on Renewable Energy Sources and Climate Change Mitigation. Presently he is Technical Advisor on Energy and Climate Change at the São Paulo State Environmental Secretariat, participating in international initiatives for sustainable energy.

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Table of Contents

List of Figures, Tables and Boxes vii

Foreword to the Second Edition xxi

Foreword Achim Steiner xxiii

List of Acronyms and Abbreviations xxv

1 Connections 1

2 Energy 3

Forces

Concept of energy

The expansion of gases and the evolution of steam engines

Power

The laws of thermodynamics

3 Energy and Human Activities 35

The energy cost of satisfying basic human needs

Energy consumption as a function of income

Energy consumption in rural areas and in peri-urban households

4 Energy Sources 45

Classification of the sources of energy

Energy balances

Energy resources and reserves

Energy consumption per inhabitant

5 Energy and Development 65

Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and National Accounting

Economic growth

Disparities in income distribution

Quality of life and the Kuznets curve

Human Development Index (HDI)

The relationship for energy-development

Energy intensity: energy and economic product

6 Energy: The Facts 101

Environmental impacts due to energy production and use

Qualification of environmental impacts in function of income

Local urban pollution

Regional pollution

Global aspects: the greenhouse effect

Occupational pollution

7 Energy and the Environment: The Causes 181

Indicators

Contribution by sources

8 Technical Solutions 243

Energy efficiency

Technological advances in power production

Renewable energies

Transportation

Industry and other stationary pollution sources

Electricity consumption in residential, commercial and public sectors

Combatting deforestation

9 Policies to Reduce Environmental Degradation 337

Geographical scale of impacts

Environmental law and energy

Environmental support capacity: management by quality

Environmental protection costs

The cost of climate change

Energy policies

Integrated resource planning

Barriers for emission reduction and overcoming policies

Control of deforestation

10 World Energy Trends 381

Projections

Conclusions from the outlooks

Technological change

Energy intensity trends

11 Energy and Lifestyles 403

Lifestyle and consumption patterns

Consumer profiles

12 Energy and the Science Academies 413

Annex 1 Energy, Environment and Development Timeline 417

Annex 2 Conversion Units 429

Index 441

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