England on Edge: Crisis and Revolution 1640-1642

England on Edge: Crisis and Revolution 1640-1642

by David Cressy
     
 

ISBN-10: 0199237638

ISBN-13: 9780199237630

Pub. Date: 12/07/2007

Publisher: Oxford University Press

England on Edge deals with the collapse of the government of Charles I, the disintegration of the Church of England, and the accompanying cultural panic that led to civil war. Focused on the years 1640 to 1642, it examines stresses and fractures in social, political, and religious culture, and the emergence of an unrestrained popular press. Hundreds of people not

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Overview

England on Edge deals with the collapse of the government of Charles I, the disintegration of the Church of England, and the accompanying cultural panic that led to civil war. Focused on the years 1640 to 1642, it examines stresses and fractures in social, political, and religious culture, and the emergence of an unrestrained popular press. Hundreds of people not normally seen in historical surveys make appearances here, in a drama much larger than the struggle of king and parliament. Historians commonly assert that royalists and parliamentarians parted company over issues of principle, constitutional scruples, and religious belief, but a more complex picture emerges from the environment of anxiety, mistrust, and fear.

Rather than seeing England's revolutionary transformation as a product of the civil war, as has been common among historians, David Cressy finds the world turned upside down in the two years preceding the outbreak of hostilities. The humbling of Charles I, the erosion of the royal prerogative, and the rise of an executive parliament were central features of the revolutionary drama of 1640-1642. The collapse of the Laudian ascendancy, the splintering of the established church, the rise of radical sectarianism, and the emergence of an Anglican resistance all took place in these two years before the beginnings of bloodshed. The world of public discourse became rapidly energized and expanded, in counterpoint with an exuberantly unfettered press and a deeply traumatized state.

These linked processes, and the disruptive contradictions within them, made this a time of shaking and of prayer. England's elite encountered multiple transgressions, some more imagined than real, involving lay encroachments on the domain of the clergy, lowly intrusions into matters of state, the city clashing with the court, the street with institutions of government, and women undermining the territories of men. The simultaneity, concatenation, and cumulative, compounding effect of these disturbances added to their ferocious intensity, and helped to bring down England's ancien regime. This was the revolution before the Revolution, the revolution that led to civil war.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780199237630
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Publication date:
12/07/2007
Edition description:
New Edition
Pages:
462
Product dimensions:
9.10(w) x 6.10(h) x 1.10(d)

Table of Contents

Introduction : problems regarding method1
1The earliest readers of Machiavelli : miscellaneous and military17
2Creative plagiarism : Agostino Nifo's De regnandi peritia42
3Early readers of Machiavelli : comment and discourse85
4A hostile cardinal : Reginald Pole and his Apologia115
5Osorio and Machiavelli : from open hostility to covert approbation143
6Machiavelli and the index of prohibited books164
7Machiavelli's keenest readers : the early translators183
8In praise of the Saint Bartholomew's day massacre229
9Innocent Gentillet and Machiavelli's 'maximes tyranniques'271
10In the wake of Gentillet : evolution of the 'Machiavel' stereotype in France and England325
11More Machiavellian than Machiavel : the Jesuits and the context of Donne's Conclave374
12Gentillet's final assault : the 'contre-Machiavel' of 1585417
13From sublime to ridiculous : some serious readers of Machiavelli434
14Writers on the art of war477
15Paradoxes on the reception of Machiavelli's military thinking517
16Systematic immorality : the courtier's art573
17Systematic fragmentation : the vogue of the political aphorism630

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