England's Helicon: Fountains in Early Modern Literature and Culture

England's Helicon: Fountains in Early Modern Literature and Culture

by Hester Lees-Jeffries
     
 

England's Helicon is about one of the most important features of early modern gardens: the fountain. It is also a detailed study of works by Philip Sidney, Edmund Spenser, and Ben Jonson, and of an influential Italian romance, the Hypnerotomachia Poliphili. Fountains were "strong points" in the iconography and structure of gardens, symbolically loaded

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Overview

England's Helicon is about one of the most important features of early modern gardens: the fountain. It is also a detailed study of works by Philip Sidney, Edmund Spenser, and Ben Jonson, and of an influential Italian romance, the Hypnerotomachia Poliphili. Fountains were "strong points" in the iconography and structure of gardens, symbolically loaded and interpretatively dense, soliciting the most active engagement possible from those who encountered them. These qualities are registered and explored in their literary counterparts.

England's Helicon is not a simple motif study of fountains in English Renaissance literature: it is, rather, an investigation of how each might work; of how literary fountains both inform and are informed by real fountains in early modern literature and culture. While its main focus remains the literature of the late sixteenth century, England's Helicon recognizes that intertextuality and influence can be material as well as literary. It demonstrates that the "missing piece" needed to make sense of a passage in a play, a poem, or a prose romance could be a fountain, a conduit, a well, or a reflecting pool, in general or even in a specific, known garden; it also considers portraits, textiles, jewelry, and other artifacts depicting fountains.

Early modern English gardens and fountains are almost all lost, but to approach them through literary texts and objects is often to recover them in new ways. This is the double project that England's Helicon undertakes; in so doing, it offers a new model for the exploration of the interconnectedness of texts, images, objects and landscapes in early modern literature and culture.

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Product Details

ISBN-13:
9780199230785
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Publication date:
12/20/2007
Pages:
352
Product dimensions:
9.30(w) x 6.00(h) x 1.00(d)

Table of Contents

Introduction: Origins
Part 1: Sources and Reflections: The Hypnerotomachia Poliphili (1499) and Sidney's New Arcadia (1582-4)
1. 1 'Some fair book': the Hypnerotomachia in England
2. Reading fountains in the Hypnerotomachia
3. The Fountains of Venus and Adonis: revelation and reflection
4. The Fountain of Aeneas: Sidney rewrites the Hypnerotomachia
Part 2: Living Waters: Spenser's The Faerie Queene (1590)
5. Ad fontes: Elizabeth and the English Bible
6. The Christian knight: Redcrosse learns to read
7. The Well of Life: all things made new
8. Fountains seen and unseen
Part 3: Poisoned Springs: Jonson's The Fountaine of Selfe-Love (1600)
9. The public fountain: Elizabethan politics and the humanist tradition
10. A visual metaphor: staging the fountain
11. The fountain of Salmacis: self-love and satire
12. Diana's justice: Essex, Nonsuch and Hampton Court
Conclusion

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